Confusing Ayurvedic Medicine Names

Patients usually get confused with  Ayurvedic medicine names. Some of the Ayurvedic medicines have different names based on regional language differences. Here is an attempt to clear the doubts on Ayurvedic medicine names.

Name of Ayurvedic medicine – Guggulu –
Guggulu is pronounced differently, like Gulgulu, guggulu, guggul. But all are one and the same.

Eg: Kaishora Guggulu = Kaishora gulgulu = kaishora guggul = kaishor guggul.

Amrutadi Guggulu = Amrutadi Gulgulu = Amrutadi Guggul.

Indian medicine names – Vati
Vati refers to Ayurvedic tablet. Gulika, Gutika, Vati, Vataka, Bati are used synonymously.
Eg: Chandraprabha vati = Chandraprabha tablets = Chandraprabha Gulika.

Indian medicine name – Lehyam
Synonyms of lehyams are – leham, leha, lehya, leh, avaleha
Eg: Kooshmanda avaleha = kooshmanda lehya
Agastya Haritaki Rasayanam, Agastya rasayana, Agastya Haritaki lehya – all these three are one and the same.

Ayurvedic medicine names – kashayam
Kashayam has synonyms like Kashay, Kashaya, Kada, Kwatha, Kwath etc.
Eg: Sukumaram kashayam = sukumara kashay, sukumaram kashayam tablet = Sukumaram kwath tablets

Dashamoola kada = Dashamoola kwatha = Dashamoola kashayam

Name of Indian medicine – Choornam
Choornam has synonyms like Chooran, Choorna, Churna etc.
Dadimashtaka Choorna = Dadimastaka Chooran.

Indian medicine names – Miscellaneous
Agastya rasayana = Agasthya rasayanam=  Agasthya rasayan
Chyawanprash = Chawana prasam = Chyawanaprash
Draksharishtam = Draksharishta

Proprietary medicines
Nutrich tablet is a veterinary medicine for dog care, manufactured by Virbac.
Nutrich capsule is Ayurvedic capsule for hair care.
Nutrich oil is an Ayurvedic hair oil.

Femton Syrup is a proprietary Ayurvedic medicine manufactured by Ayulabs Pharmaceuticals. It is a comprehensive remedy for uterine affection and is a uterine tonic. It relieves menstrual cramps.

Femitone Syrup is a proprietary Ayurvedic medicine, manufactured by Nagarjuna Ayurvedic Group, Kerala, used in treatment of heavy periods and bleeding.

GP-500 Capsule is a proprietary Ayurvedic medicine manufactured by Zen Labs Ltd. It is used in the treatment of skin diseases.

GP500 is an allopathic medicine, used to temporarily treat cough and runny/stuffy nose, common cold, allergies etc. It contains Guaifenesin and Pseudoephedrine.

10 thoughts on “Confusing Ayurvedic Medicine Names”

  1. hello,
    heard name a name called surmarati basically it is used for hair removal i want to know what is it . can pls tell me is it any sanskrit word .iam tried in web but i did get any information

    • methi refers to fenugreek. But both the herbs are from Unani and not from Ayurveda. I am not sure about their common names.

  2. Whats the difference between a Kwath and Ras and Pravahi in ayuraved. For example consider Patajalis Swasari Kwath,ras and Pravahi

    • Pravahi and Kwath are water decoctions in different concentrations, with similar ingredients.
      Swasari ras is entirely different than Pravahi and kwath. It is in tablet / powder form.

  3. Hello Dr Hebbar,

    Commendable job on the website! Very informative. Its my go to guide. Thanks.

    I am aware that kada and kashaya and kwatha are one and the same. I want to know why there isn’t an expiry date for kada but the same doesn’t hold good for kashayas.

    • Dear Dr Vinutha Bhat,
      Kada is – Fermented version of Kashaya. Eg: maharasnadi kada is – Maharasnadi kashaya – turned into an arishta by adding jaggery and doing fermentation. Hence, for kadas, the expiry date is 10 years.


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