Bleeding Gums: Ayurvedic Treatment, Home Remedies

Bleeding gums can occur due to medicines like aspirin, diseases like vitamin C deficiency, wrong brushing technique, impacted plaque etc. Ayurveda considers it as a high Pitta condition.
Buy Dhantadavana Tooth Powder of Sitaram Ayurveda


Tooth plaque causing gum bleeding:
In majority of cases, a tooth plaque at the gum line causes bleeding gums. Because tooth plaque is caused by colonizing bacteria, it eventually leads to swelling and inflammation of gums, called gingivitis. This leads to spongy, swollen and bleeding gum.

Other causes of bleeding gums include:
Any bleeding disorder – caused due to high Pitta.
Brushing too hard, wrong flossing technique, wrong fitting dentures / appliances – causing injury to gum line
Hormonal changes during pregnancy
Diseases like Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
Leukaemia – blood cancer
Scurvy – Vitamin C deficiency disorder
Use of blood thinning medication such as aspirin
Vitamin K deficiency

bleeding gums

Gum problems in women

Hormonal fluctuations are related to gum bleeding in some women.
During puberty, the increase of hormones cause increase of blood flow to gums, leading to bleeding.
Women who are prone to gum bleeding see their condition worsening nearing to periods (menstruation). This phenomena is correlated with high Pitta effect. Menstruation initiation is a Pitta activity, so also bleeding gums.
Women using birth control tablets also may observe gum bleeding.
Buy Dhantadavana Tooth Powder of Sitaram Ayurveda

Ayurvedic view-point

In Ayurveda ‘bleeding from gum’ is referred as ‘Sheetada’. It is grouped under the 15 types of diseases of the gum (Danta Moolagata Roga).
Dosha involved – Pitta and Kapha.

Origin of disease

Origin of Sheetada – Spongy gum :
The causative factor will vitiate Kapha and Rakta and lodge in the softest parts like gums. Thus they reduce the firmness of the muscular tissues. Due to this, very easily the vessels beneath and inside the gums are injured and the bleeding starts. Thus the condition of Sheetada – bleeding gum is resulted.


Features of Spongy gum :
Bleeding from the gum often with pain or without pain
Sensation of horripilation in the nearby area
Numbness or hypersensitivity
Sensation of looseness or heaviness of the teeth
Sweetness of the mouth
Sensation of unctuousness or sliminess of the mouth (in saliva) etc.

Line of treatment

Line of treatment in Sheetada – Spongy gum :
Shodhana – Purification of the body by emesis (vamana) and mild purgation (mridu virechana) helps to mitigate imbalanced Pitta and KaphaDosha.

Kavala and Gandusha – Mouth gargling / Oil pulling  by using the medicated paste or oils prepared out of bitter and astringent herbal drugs helps to strengthen the gums and base of the teeth. Blood is also purified locally.

Nasya – depending upon the doshic dominance, if Vata is vitiated more, errhines with oleaginous medicaments like Triphala taila or Triphala ghrita is found to be effective. In case of Pitta dominance, Yastimadhu ghrita and taila is contributing significant benefits.


Herbs useful in bleeding gums
Most of the below herbs have astringent taste and have Stambhana – Blocking effect
Amalaki – Amla – Emblica officinalis
Hareetaki – Terminalia chebula
Yastimadhu – Indian liquorice – Glyccyriza glabra
Sariva – Hemidesmus indicus
Lajjalu – Mimosa pudica (touch me not)
Lodhra – Symplocos racemosa
Raisins-Vitis Vinifera
Manjishta – Rubia cardifolia
Musta – Cyperus rotundus

Ayurvedic medicines

Ayurvedic medicines for bleeding and spongy gums:
Most of the medicines indicated in wound healing are also indicated here
Triphala choorna
Triphala ghrita
Triphaladi taila
Mustadi kashaya
Yastimadhu taila
Godanti bhasma
Kamadugha (mouktikayukta)
Bolabaddha rasa
Dashana sanskara choorna
Khadiradi vati etc

Useful tips

Tips to avoid bleeding and spongy gums: 
Consult your dentist at least once in six months.
Use a soft bristle tooth brush and high quality floss.
Brush and floss gently twice a day, to avoid plaque build-up.
Switch to Ancient Ayurvedic method of teeth brushing
If you observe that bleeding gum problem has arisen after starting a new medicine, consult your doctor and bring this to her notice.
Avoid snacking between meals. Reduce carbohydrates in diet.
Rinse your mouth thoroughly after eating / drinking.
Cut down on soda.
Use amla fruit in diet. Apart from Vitamin C, it also has many other phyto-nutrients with anti oxidant effect.

What to do when there is gum bleeding:
Take a cotton piece, dip it in ice cold water. Add a pinch of turmeric powder to it. Apply it on the gums.
If you were told to have vitamin Deficiency, then take the Vitamin supplements.

Ayurvedic home remedies

Simple and effective home remedies for bleeding and spongy gum :
Take a cotton swab and dip it in clove oil. Gently rub on the gums for a minute or two.

The tender leaves of guava or jamun(blue berry) is taken and crushed well. This is kept in the mouth and chewed. It promotes the strength of the gums.

The flowers of hibiscus and ixora are taken in equal quantities. To this, 2 pinch of yashtimadhu powder is added and pounded well to obtain a slimy paste. This is retained in the mouth for 20-30 minutes. It strengthens the gums and arrests the bleeding from the gums.

Make water decoction (Kashaya) from Triphala and use this for mouth rinsing and gargling twice a day.
Learn how to make Triphala Kashaya from Triphala

Oil pulling with sesame oil in the morning for 5 – 10 minutes is one of the best ways to maintain healthy gums and teeth. Learn more about Ayurvedic way of oil pulling.

The stem and bark of Bakula (Mimusops elengi) is collected and dried under shade. This is powdered well and stored. This is made into decoction and used for mouth gargling. Constant use of this helps to overcome the complaint of spongy gums.

Rock salt, long pepper remedy

Here is a simple home remedy with only two ingredients for gum swelling, bleeding gums and to strengthen teeth. This can be prepared within 5 minutes and once prepared, you can store it for 1 – 2 months. 

home remedy for gum swelling


Long pepper fruit powder – 50 grams
Saindhava Lavana (Black salt) – 50 grams

Home remedy video

Method of preparation

Prepare a fine powder of long pepper and black salt.
Mix them together in equal quantities.
Store it in an air tight container.


It can be used as tooth powder in cases of gum swelling, inflammation and bleeding gums.
Use this powder to massage gently over the gums.

What to expect?
You may expect a very slight burning sensation.

Side Effects

No known side effects.
Care should be exercised not to swallow this powder, while using in people with high BP.

How long to use?

It can be used for 3 – 4 weeks or till the gum swelling lasts.
Can this be used as tooth powder forever?
No. It is ideal to use this for a limited time period only.

By Dr MS Krishnamurthy MD (Ayu), PhD.

Guava leaf buds

Tender leaf buds of Guava, tamarind and mango are taken ( 5 gram each) and fine paste is made.
If pus discharge is an associated symptom, then a pinch of turmeric and curry leaf powder can be added. This paste is retained in mouth for 5-8 minutes
12-14 days regular treatment gives significant benefits.

Guava fruit with leaf

Mango leaves

10 mature mango leaves
10  mid rib vein of the jack fruit leaf
5-10 gram of coir or fiber of coconut and
1 gram (5-8 seeds ) of Cardamom are taken together in an earthen pan.
This mix is burnt by heating till it is charred.
A black coloured mass is obtained.
To this a pinch of salt is added and fine powder is made. If necessary it can be sieved.

Daily morning and night, above powder is applied to the gums and then mouth is gargled with plain water. This yields good benefit in bleeding gum and gingivitis.

Unripe mango

Herbal powder

10 dried gooseberries (Amla)
1 teaspoon of tea powder,
1 teaspoon table salt
1 teaspoon of turmeric powder
They are taken together and pounded well to obtain the fine powder. Daily night before going to bed 1 teaspoonof this is retained in the mouth and gradually it is chewed.

Or else mouth gargling can be carried 10-15 days regular practice gives very good relief in case of bleeding gum, gingivitis, bad breath and sore throat.
Consult Dr MS Krishnamurthy

Wholesome diet and habits

Wholesome diet and habits in Spongy gum :
Regular mouth gargling with the decoctions or medicated paste of drugs possessing astringent and bitter taste.
Oil pulling with sesame oil
Cow’s milk or goat’s milk
Oleation (Snehana)
Unctuous and soft food
Easily digestible food
Amla (gooseberry)
Cow’s ghee
Warm water intake etc.

Unwholesome diet and habits

Unwholesome diet and habits in Spongy gum :
Food and beverages possessing pungent and salty taste
Dry, hard and spicy food
Mustard seeds and oil
Food and beverages which provoke Pitta dosha etc.

Spongy gum is a bleeding health complaint which often misinterpreted as tuberculosis or carcinoma. But negligence of the complaint in its early stage may lead into grave systemic disorders. Early detection, proper investigation and regular medication will help to overcome this complaint.
Click to consult Dr MS Krishnamurthy MD(Ayu), PhD.

Article reviewed by Dr. Janardhana V Hebbar BAMS, MD (Ayu), PGDPSM,
Managing Director, Easy Ayurveda Hospital

6 comments on “Bleeding Gums: Ayurvedic Treatment, Home Remedies

  • R Subramanian

    27/02/2015 - 2:14 pm

    very good information for all who care for Gums

    Reply to comment
  • A. K. Kapur

    27/02/2015 - 3:03 pm

    very very good , should be circulated to all parents to teach their children.

    Reply to comment
  • naba kumar manna

    03/04/2017 - 11:16 pm

    very good information for all of Indian people

    Reply to comment
  • Satya

    13/05/2017 - 1:14 pm

    I have seen all your articles . Very informative. Recently I am in search of ayrvedic herbs for early puberty problem. My daughter was just 7 yrs old and having white discharge. As per my grandmother we can see white discharge in girls when they are reaching puberty. Is there any ayurvedic medicine to stop this.
    I am eagerly waiting for your reply.

    Reply to comment
  • col jawahar lal (r) 85

    12/05/2022 - 5:25 am


    Reply to comment

Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Easy Ayurveda Video Classes

Buy Online Video Courses

Buy Easy Ayurveda Books