Kiratatikta – Swertia chirata – Benefits, Dose, Usage, Side Effects

Kiratatikta is a very famous Ayurveda herb used mainly in the treatment of infectious and inflammatory conditions like fever, skin diseases etc. The word meaning of Kirata tikta is – utterly bitter. 
Botanical Name- Swertia chirata Bunch Ham. (Swertia chirayita (Roxb .ex flem) Karst. Or Swertia tongluensis Burkill.
Family- Gentianaceae

Vernacular names

Hindi name- Chriayata,
English name- Chitretta
Bengali name- Chirata, Chireta
Tamil name- Nilavembu
Punjab name- Charatin, Charaita
Marathi name- Kiraita
Gujarati name- Kariyatum
Kannada name- Nilabevu, Kiratatikta
Malayalam name- Nilavipaa, Nilaveppa
Telugu name – Nilavemu
Arabian name – Kasabujajareeraa
Farsi name – Nainihaabandi

Differences between Kalamegha and Chirata
These two herbs are often used interchangeably. Kirata Tikta is a highly bitter herb, used in fever, cold, cough and Asthma. Mainly Kapha disorders.
Kalamegha is used in fever, liver, blood and skin complaints. Mainly Pitta disorders.

Varieties

Kiratatikta and Kalamegha (Andrographis paniculata) are usually confused to each other and used interchangeably.
Raja Narahari Quoted two varieties viz, Kiratatikta and Naipala Nimba.

In Folklore medicine and in rural areas the Kalamegha is considered as Kirathathiktha and it is used in place of Kirathathiktha because of its similar morphology and properties.

Medicinal properties

Rasa (taste) – Tikta (bitter)
Guna (qualities) – Laghu (lightness), Rooksha (dryness)
Vipaka- Katu – undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion
Virya- Sheeta – cold potency
Effect on Tridosha – Balances Kapha and Pitta.

Part used, Dosage

Whole Plant of Kirathathiktha is used for medicinal purpose.  But most potent part is the root of Kiratatikta.

Dosage- Powder 1-3 grams in divided dose in a day.
water decoction / infusion – 50-100 ml in divided dose per day.

kiratatikta - swertia chirata

Therapeutic uses

Pittasranut – useful in bleeding disorders such as heavy periods, nasal bleeding etc.
Shophahara – useful in inflammatory conditions
Kasahara – relieves cough, cold
Trushna -excessive thirst
Jvarahara – useful in fever
Maladhwamsi – decreases bulk of stool, useful in easing bowel movement
Krumighni – useful in intestinal worm infestation
Balakapriya – useful in pediatric complaints like recurrent fever
Sannipatari – useful in chronic and recurrent fever
Nidrapaha – reduces sleep
Mehopaha – useful in urinary tract disorders, diabetes
Shwasahara – useful in asthma and wheezing
Dahahara – useful to relieve burning sensation
Kushtahara – useful in skin diseases
Vranahara – induces quick wound healing. Its water decoction (kashayam) is used in washing wounds, to relieve infection.
It is widely used in the treatment of liver disorders
In Haritha samhitha it is used in the treatment of scorpion bite with other herbs.

Sanskrit Synonyms

Katu Tikta, Kandatikta, Kirata, Bhunimba, Ramasenaka

Kirathathiktha: Kiratha Desho Iski Janm sthanam astha ithi !
The drug is originally from Kiratha Desh.

Kiratha, Kirathi, Rogana, Kirathmchasao thikthashethi va Kirathathiktha
It destroys diseases because of its bitter taste.

Bhunimb: Bhuva: Nimb: Iva:
It is a small neem plant or herb

Kandathiktha: Thiktha Kanda Aksya
The stem is bitter in taste

Katuthiktha:
Katukascha Asaw Thikthascha ithi katuthiktha
It is having thiktha rasa and katu vipaka

It is used as a tea in a quantity of one tea-cup full twice a day.  It is a tonic in a tonic dyspepsia and functional inactivity of liver.  Chiretta is much praised in India as a powerful tonic.  It does not constipate the bowel but causes easy movement of bile.

Side effects

Some people might not tolerate bitterness. In them, the decoction may induce vomiting.
It is safe to give in children and lactating mother. But the dose needs to be monitored carefully.
It is best to seek medical advice for use in pregnancy.
It lowers blood sugar levels. Hence precaution is required while administering it in diabetic patients.

Interaction with medicines, supplements

Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.

Can this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.

With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.

Research

Blood sugar lowering activity
Analgesic and anti inflammatory acitivity
Anti-carcinogenic activity

Ayurvedic medicines

Classical categorization

Charaka-
Stanyasodhana – group of herbs used in cleansing breast milk
Trushna nigrahana – group of herbs useful in relieving thirst
Tikta Skandha  – Bitter tasting group of herbs
Susruta- Aragvadhadi
Vagbhata- Aragvadhadi

Ayurvedic medicines with Kiratatikta ingredient:
Kiratarishta – Used in fever and hematological conditions
Maha Manjisthadi Kashayam – Very famous Ayurveda medicine used in wide range of skin diseases
Panchatikta Kashayam – very potent anti-viral and anti-bacterial medicine used in fever

Other medicines with Kirata Tikta as ingredient:
Sudarshan Choorna       –        Charaka Samhitha
Kirathadi Kwatha          –        Charaka Samhitha
Bhunimbadi Kwatha      –        Sushrutha
Thiktha Panchaka Kwatha-     Charaka Samhitha
Kirathadi Thaila            –        Sushrutha Samhitha
Chandraprabha Vati      –        Baishajya Ratnavali
Sathyadi Kwatha           –        Sushrutha Samhitha
Pachabhadra Kwatha     –        Charaka Samhitha
Sarva Jwarahara Thaila –        Chakradatha
Phalathrikadi Kwatha    –        Chakradatha

Classical medicine
Madhwasaava                –        Charaka Chi – 6
Thikthashadpalaka Gritha-     Charaka Chi         7
DugalmBadi Gritha       –        Charaka Chi         8
Chandanadi Gritha      –        Charaka Chi         15
Mahathiktha Gritha       –        Yoga Rathnakar
Kashtakaryadi Kwatha  –        Yoga Rathnakar
Navanga Kashaya            –        Chakradatha
Kirathadi Kwatha          –        Chakradatha
Kirathadi Thaila            –        Chakradatha
Bahni Vati                     –        Sharangadhara Samhitha
Chandraprabha Vati      –        Sharangadhara Samhitha
Sudarshan Choorna       –        Sharangadhara Samhitha
Maha Majjishttadi Kwatha-    Sharangadhara Samhitha
Sudharshan Kwatha      –        Sharangadhara Samhitha
Chandanasava               –        Baishajya Rathnavali
Ushirasava                     –        Baishajya Rathnavali
Kirathadi Choorna        –        Baishajya Rathnavali
Mahaneela Gritha          –        Sushrutha Samhitha

Distribution

It is found in temperate Himalayas between Kashmir and Bhutan at 1200 – 1500 meter altitude.

Major chemical constituents

Amarogentin, Gentipicrin, Isobellicifolin , Decussation, Chiratol, Sweachirin, 7-0 methylswertianin, Mangiferin, Swertianin, Swertinin, Chiraranin, Enicoflavine, Geneianine, Episwertenol, B – Sitostetol etc
(Reference: Illustrated Dravyaguna VIjnana, Vol. II, by Dr JLN Shastry)
Chiratin is a chief bitter active constituent which are very bitter and amorphous glycosides.

Systemic classification

Division      –        Angiosperm
Sub Division-       Dicotyledon
Class           –        Gamopetallae
Sub Class   –        Bicarpellotai
Order          –        Gentionale
Family        –        Gentianaceae

Classical categorization


Gana or varga
In ancient Ayurveda treatise drugs have been grouped under either Gana or Varga.  This grouping was based on the pharmacological properties as well as dietary use. Etymologically Varga or Gana will provide the forms meaning:

  1. Varga: is a group of limited number of herbs having similar pharmacological properties.
  2. Gana: is a group of large number of herbs having similar pharmacological properties.

According to Charaka Kirathathiktha is included under
Tikta skanda
Sthanya Shodhana
Trishna Nigrahana

Sushrutha has mentioned it under – Argawadhadi Gana
Bhavaprakasha – Harithakyathi Varga
Dhanwanthari Nigantu – Guduchyadi Varga
Raja Nigantu – Prabhadradi Varga

41 thoughts on “Kiratatikta – Swertia chirata – Benefits, Dose, Usage, Side Effects”

  1. What about Chandanasava sir ? I think that Swertia chirata is there in that too & what is the difference between two varieties viz, Kiratatikta and Naipala Nimba ?

    Sir can chandanasava be used on daily basis after meals as a coolant as a lot of people are facing acidity & gas related problems for which I think that this might be the answer along with few other things.

    Reply
    • Sir, you have mentioned Kiratatikta – Swertia chiraita in Chandanasava ingredients list on you blog of Chandanasava.

      Under different varieties section on this blog itself you have mentioned Raja Narahari Quoted two varieties viz, Kiratatikta and Naipala Nimba. I just wanted to know the difference between these two.

      Reply
      • Sorry for the confusion. Chandanasava does contain swertia chirata. It is not a herb that you use on very regular basis. Just for the fact that you do not need high level cleansing daily. Hence Chandanasava can not be used for a very long time (more than 2 – 3 months time). It may cause constipation on very long term usage.
        Naipala Nimba has not been identified / research on this herb is not carried out yet.

        Reply
  2. This is totally unrelated to this post but could you tell me the difference between cheriya bhringamalakadi tailam and valiya bringamalakadi tailam.. Both belong to the arya vaidya sala brand..

    Reply
  3. Very informative. I know this as Chairata kraita. But only this herb solely I feel is not useful. I am using famous SAFI of Hamdard wherein some sugar is added and I am not diabetic. I am happy u give all sort of names in english,persian,hindi etc. I am aware of this herb as blood cleansing.

    Reply
    • There are no herb-specific restrictions. The diet as per the disease to which it is being used to treat, is to be followed.

      Reply
  4. Dear sir,
    I want to know that regular eating of Chirata is harmful for kidneys. Please guide me

    Reply
    • Hi, regular consumption is not good. It is taken only based on disease, till the prescribed amount of time.

      Reply
  5. sir,
    i was sufering from acne and so i adopted chirata every morning for 2 months..
    all my acne got vanished and i got a glowing and fresh skin..

    But along with this, it resulted in heavy weight loss..
    im getting thiner and thinner and thinner..
    i’m geting weak.

    please help me what should i do next??

    Reply
  6. All members of our family had viral fever attack. Symptoms:fever,shivering,joint pain etc! Allopathic treatment including steroids, NSAIDS , antibiotics helped in the short ter.But the joint pain persists.I was advised Chirata Kashaya for 8-days.I have purchased the chirata herb roots and have started taking the decoction daily.Can you please confirm the that the treatment I am following is correct.

    Reply
  7. sir,i m taking chirata for last 3 days..to make my skin healthy and to loss some weight..i had heard from some person that this herb is very good and it work also in making skin healthy and lossing weight.is it correct????

    Reply
  8. Dear Madam, Would advise you to take a expert opinion on the same as we are talking about Diabetes medicines here. And we all are genetically different some medications are suitable to us some are not. Hence, a expert opinion is needed. He/she might tell the treatment plan based on the reports.

    Reply
  9. I am 20 weeks pregnant & have consumed cherota with water for 3 consecutive days due to intestinal worms. Will it harm my pregnancy?

    Reply
  10. Hi, if used just for 6-8 weeks of time, within the prescribed dose, it is not harmful for kidneys. Please consult an Ayurveda doctor if problems persist.

    Reply
  11. He can take Chirata, but his blood sugar levels need to be checked at least once in 2 months.

    Reply
  12. You can take it along with allopathic medicines. But check your blood sugar levels at least once in a month or two.

    Reply
    • Dose is – Fine powder – 1 – 2 grams 2 times a day, after food with honey.
      Its Kashaya (herbal tea / decoction) – 20 ml, 2 times a day after food.

      Reply
  13. 1.Usually Chirata is boiled in water for 3- 5 minutes, filtered and consumed. It is beneficial for gastritis as well.

    Reply
  14. Dr I am having my medical to join the ship but my sgpt is very high so as my uric acid can take kalamegha strong how dose I should take pls reply

    Reply
  15. I have to take chirata for my skin but don’t know how much to consume and what will happen if take that but empty stomach..??

    Reply
  16. I am taking it for 3 days after meal at night for my skin problem like acne but the problem us that it cause acidity in my stomach why so 🙁

    Reply
  17. Hi. I had the kashaya of these leaves for 3 days consecutively on empty stomach in the morning. The skin in the intimate areas started itching profusely and white spots appeared. What can be the cause?

    Reply
  18. Hello Doctor – Very good post. Thanks a lot for this. I have one question. Kindly answer Will Chirayata herb as a decoction help in detoxing liver and help in curing fatty liver condition?

    Reply

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