By Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ay) & Dr Manasa, B.A.M.S Gunas means qualities of substances and are embedded in these substances in terms of inseparable relationship.
Read – Dravya: Meaning, Ayurvedic Explanation
10 Paradi qualities
Paraadi Gunas are types of general qualities ( Samanya )which fall under the category of physical qualities – Adhibhoutika qualities.
They are 10 in number
- Para – important
- Apara – unimportant
- Yukti – planning
- Samkhya – number
- Samyoga – combination
- Vibhaga – division
- Pruthaktva – individuality
- Parimaana – quantity
- Samskara – processing
- Abhyasa – practice
Shloka – Paradi
The knowledge of these 10 qualities is said to be mandatory for obtaining success in clinical practice.
Importance of Paradi guna in Ayurveda Paradi gunas are of utmost importance for planning and implementing comprehensive treatment in clinical practice.
These both qualities are contrasting qualities. Para means ‘the best’ whereas apara means ‘un-important’. These two qualities help the physician to distinguish between best and least effective medicines for a given disease.
Read – Ayurveda Diet Plan In Ayurvedic Treatments
Thus the physician could administer the best medicines which are highly effective in curing a given disease and reject the less effective ones after having learnt the differences between them in terms of their action and ability to cure a disease with constant practice. The herb / drug / treatment / diet of choice may be selected on basis of knowledge of these qualities.
means situational understanding of a given disease and situational decision for implementation of particular medicines in particular conditions. The physician can make perfect combinations of the medicines only with the help of yukti. Read – 11 Factors That An Ayurveda Doctor Considers To Decide On Treatment
Sankya means number. The knowledge of numbers helps in determining the proportions of doshas involved in manifestation of diseases. It also helps to know the number of herbs put together to make a formulation.
Sanyoga means combination. The knowledge of combination enables a physician to make proper and effective combination of medicines so as to treat a given disorder. Read – Veerya, Potency Of Herbs And Doshas – Inter-relationship
Vibhaga – means separation. This is opposite quality of samyoga. When the individual ingredients of the combination are separated, the combination doesn’t exist.
Pruthaktva – means differentiation / isolation. Knowing this quality would help in distinguishing between things, to differentiate between diseases, action of medicines etc. Read – Dangers Of Self Treatment With Ayurvedic Medicines – Two Live Examples
Parimaana – means measurement. Manufacture of medicines and determination of dosage of medicines or individual components of formulations depend on the knowledge of quantity and measurement.
Samskara – means transformation. When the combination of many herbs is subjected to transformation, they attain medicinal qualities that eradicate the diseases. Read – Prabhava: Special Effect of Herb
Abhyasa – means practice. Following proper dietetic regimen, rejecting the unwholesome and non-conducive foods, taking proper medicines at proper time, all these depend on the knowledge of ‘practicing things’.