How Dose Of Ayurvedic Medicine Is Decided? 7 Factors

In most of the Ayurveda medicine description in classical text books, the ingredients and indications are mentioned. But dose is not mentioned. Because, the dose depends on many different factors. 

Chakrapani has explained 7 factors that are considered while fixing the dose of medicines.

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Strength of Dosha

Higher the strength of imbalanced Dosha, higher the dose of medicine. Example, in a bone fracture in an adult, the Vata is very high. So, very high dose of Gandha tailam oil is prescribed orally.
In case of just a small injury with bruise, lower dose is enough.
Read related: What Is Ayurvedic Medicine?

Agni

Agni – digestion strength
a. In the context of disease –
The digestive power of the person gives a hint towards his tolerance capacity for strong medicines.
Higher the digestion strength of the person, more the dose of medicine. Because, he can tolerate the medicines very well.

b. In the context of weak digestion strength –
If the person is given spicy digestive medicine such as Chitrakadi Bati, then the dose of such medicine will be high for a low digestion person.

Bala

Bala – immunity and strength of the person –
a. If the medicine tolerating capacity is high, then high dose of medicine can be given to the patient to treat the disease quickly.
b. If the natural immunity strength of the person is very high, then low dose of medicine will be sufficient to bring disease under control.
Read related: Herbs, medicines and exercise to improve immunity as per Ayurveda

Vaya

Vaya – age
In people with well built body in their 20s and 30s, higher dose of medicine can be administered.
In children soon after delivery, and in elderly people, lower doses are preferred.

Vyadhi

Vyadhi – disease strength –
Stronger the disease, higher the dose.
Weaker the disease, lower the dose.
Read related: How To Understand And Master Ayurvedic Medicines Easily

Dravya

Dravya – medicine strength –
Very powerful medicines such as Bhallataka Rasayana, metallic preparations are required in lower doses.
Less powerful medicines such as Dhatri rasayana, Amla juice etc will be required in high doses.

Koshta

Koshta – Gut ecosystem of the patient
It gives a hint toward the rate of absorption of medicines. Ayurveda explains three types of guts.
Kroora koshta – Vata dominant
Mrudu Koshta – Pitta dominant
Madhya koshta – Kapha dominant.
Read related: How Time Of Medicine Administration Is Decided In Ayurveda?

If the person has Vata  dominance and Krura Koshta, if he has Vata disorder, then in him, higher dose of medicine will be required to bring Vata under control. Example: High dose of Ksheerabala taila 101 oil.

Prior to Panchakarma detoxification procedure, large dose of ghee or oil or fat is administered to patient. This is also decided based on the Kosta – gut ecosystem of the patient.
So, this lengthy concept is explained by Chakrapani in just two line Sanskrit verse.

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