Aloe Vera Benefits, Research, Home Remedies, Side Effects

The beauty of Aloe Vera can be matched with the beauty of its health benefits. Aloe Vera benefits promotes prebiotics, is good for skin and also for intestines.

Botanical Name- Aloe Vera Chinensis, Aloe barbadensis Mill., Aloe indica, Aloe chinensis
Family Name- LILIACEAE

Aloe vera leaf

Aloe Vera for hemorrhoids

Because of its mild laxative action and wound healing properties, a regular intake of mild doses of aloe vera in the form of capsule or juice, is very beneficial in hemorrhoids treatment.


Aloe Vera for heart

Aloe has blood thinning action. It is very useful against cholesterol. So, it is very useful in treating atherosclerosis (blood vessels clogged with clot and fat deposition).

Aloe Vera for women

Aloe Vera improves ovulation chances, it induces menstruation when used with other related Ayurveda medicines such as kaseesa and Tankana (purified borax) and hot potency herbs such as Asafoetida is useful to induce periods. This is the reason, it is used as an ingredient in Ayurveda medicine to induce periods – Raja Pravartini vati tablet. 
It improves hair quality, prevents hair fall, cures dandruff, also useful in acne and blemishes.

Aloe Vera for constipation

To relieve constipation, 10 grams of pulp is made into paste, added with 2 grams of rock salt, mixed well, and boiled to evaporate the water content. It is administered in a dose of 3 – 6 grams, once a day.

Aloe Vera flower balances Vata and Pitta Dosha, Guru (heavy) and is useful in worm infestation, infected wounds 

Aloe Vera for Asthma

Aloe Vera leaf is heated on burning charcoal, cuticle is removed and pulp is scraped and squeezed in cloth to get the juice. One teaspoon of this juice is added with two drops of ghee and 4 drops of honey and licked hourly to relieve attacks of breathlessness and wheezing.

Aloe Vera for eyes

In case of redness and burning sensation of the eyes, 2 grams of above purified (dry roasted) alum powder is mixed with 20 grams of Aloe Vera pulp and tied into two boli in clean pieces of cloth. These cloth packs are tied on eyes and kept as it overnight while sleeping
They are removed next morning
By this eyes become clear, vision improves, redness and burning sensation get subsided.

Aloe Vera for diabetes

Five phytosterols of Aloe Vera have been identified with anti-diabetic activity (research)
Aloe Vera has been clinically proven for anti diabetic property. (research)
It is a good anti oxidant  and it maintains healthy structure of the blood vessels. Both these are very vital in diabetic care. A diabetic patient often suffers from blood vessel related disorders and is in need of anti oxidants. Hence, Aloe Vera is a very useful herb in diabetes management.

How to take Aloe Vera for diabetes?
Along with your current anti diabetic medication, you can use Aloe Vera as a vegetable in your diet.
Aloe Vera capsule – 2 – 4 per day can be consumed depending on the blood sugar levels, in consultation with your doctor.
Aloe Vera juice (sugar-less, natural) can be taken in a dose of 15 – 30 ml, mixed with same amount of water, based on your doctor’s advice. The dose depends on the blood sugar level.

Aloe Vera for diverticulitis

I understand that Aloe Vera juice helps patients with problem of diverticulitis. It is said that it can cure the diverticulitis. Can you tell me whether it is true and if so what should be the dosage and for how long it should be taken?  Should it be diluted or taken straight? Does it also alleviate the pains caused by it during early in the morning before the bladder is emptied and bowel movement.
How to Use Aloe Vera for Diverticulitis?

It will be wrong to say that Aloe Vera juice completely cures Diverticulitis. However, it relieves many of diverticulitis symptoms such as constipation (Aloe Vera is a mild laxative), abdominal pain and vomiting sensation.  Regular adult dose of Aloe Vera juice is – 30 ml mixed with 30 ml of water, once or twice a day. It helps to relieve early morning pain before the bladder and bowels are emptied.

Aloe Vera side effects

Aloe Vera induces purgation and hence it is not ideal to take it during diarrhea.
Care should be exercised while using aloe in children and during lactation.
It is best to avoid it during pregnancy.

Aloe Vera juice benefits

Aloe Vera juice is good for stomach, in skin diseases, has anti-microbial properties.
It also acts as a blood thinning agent and detoxifies blood.
Daily dose is  30 – 50 ml, in single or divided dose, before food.

Aloe vera pulp

Aloe Vera external application

External Application of Aloe Vera pulp:
The leaf pulp is useful to heal burn wounds, boils, acne, blisters, allergic skin disorders.
Its pulp is added with turmeric powder and heated for a minute and this is applied externally.
The same paste can be applied over the mouth ulcers two or three times a day.
Oil prepared with Aloe Vera in sesame oil or olive oil base is very useful against diaper rashes.

Aloe Vera for excess dry mouth

  • It helps to protect the sensitive tissue in the mouth and enhances the taste buds
  • Drink ¼ cup of Aloe Vera juice daily to cure dry mouth
  • Use its juice for rinsing your mouth once or twice daily
  • Apply pure Aloe Vera gel around your mouth using a cotton swab. Leave it for a few minutes and then rinse your mouth with water. apply 3-4 times in a day.
Aloe vera

Aloe Vera medicinal properties

Rasa (taste) – Tikta (bitter)
Guna (qualities) – Guru (heaviness), Snigdha (oily, unctuous), Picchila (sticky, slimy)
Vipaka- Katu – Undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion.
Veerya – Sheeta – Cold potency
Effect on Tridosha – Balances all the three Doshas.
Part Used- Leaves
Dosage- Fresh juice 10-20 ml; Aqueous Extract 100-300 mg
Leaf pulp – 1 – 3 grams

Aloe vera Flowers

Quality (Guna) – Guru – Heavy
Effect on Doshas – Balances Vata and Pitta dosha
Action (Karma) – Relieves worm infestation – Krimihara

Traditional uses

Bhedani – Useful in constipation
Gulmahara – useful in abdominal tumors
Pleehahara – useful in spleen disorders, splenomegaly
Yakrut Vruddhihara – useful in hepatitis, hepatomegaly
Kapha Jwarahara  – useful in fever
Granthihara – useful in small tumors, fibroids, lymphadenitis
Agnidagdha – useful in treating burn wounds
Visphotahara – relieves boils, blisters
Raktapittahara – Useful in bleeding disorders such as nasal bleeding, heavy periods, etc
Tvak Roga – useful in skin disorders, psoriasis.
Chakshushya – improves vision, good for eyes, useful in eye disorders
Vishahara – Anti toxic
Vatahara – useful in treating disorders of Vata Dosha imbalance  such as neuralgia, paralysis, constipation, bloating, etc
Balya – improves strength and immunity
Vrushya – aphrodisiac, improves vigor
Rasayana – anti aging, causes cell and tissue rejuvenation
Pittaja Kasahara – useful in cough and cold of Pitta origin
Shwasahara – useful in treatment of asthma and chronic respiratory disorders.

Sanskrit Verses

Home remedy for skin glow

Article by Dr Ms Krishnamurthy MD (Ayu) PhD
Simple techniques will yield significant benefits, many a time. Good example for this is exudates of Aloe vera or aloe vera pulp.
Most of the people know and accordingly use Aloe vera pulp as a fresh moisturizer and skin softener. Also few believe regarding its glow enhancing effect. 

Drops of water on leaf of aloe

Collection of exudate

How to get the exudates?
You can use aloevera pulp directly for this remedy. But if you have only one or two plants of aloe vera at home, then you cannot use the pulp on daily basis, as it will last for only a few days.
Hence, it is ideal to get the pulp exudate from aloe vera leaves. This way, the plant is preserved for longer period of time.
Here is a simple technique to obtain the exudates –
Utensils required – a sharp blade/knife
Spoon or sharp edged steel plate\Ingredients-Triphala powder (2-3 gram)

Preferably early in the morning (any time it can be carried) a gentle incision is made over the leaf, when the live plant is intact with soil (no necessary to separate the leaf from plant or to cut the plant).
Over the incised area one or two pinch of Triphala choorna (fine powder) is sprinkled. After a time duration of 10-15 minutes, yellow colored exudate oozes out of this incised portion of the leaf. This is collected with the help of a spoon or steel plate.
Alternatively, you can directly use aloe vera pulp for this remedy.

How to use?

This fine exudate is applied over the face  or acne scars, dark spots, black heads, regularly. If the pus is found over the lesions like infected acne, 1 gram of turmeric powder or neem powder can be mixed to the exudate and is applied.
Read related: Aloe vera uses

How often it has to be applied?
Preferably 3 – 5 times in a day.

How long it can be practiced?
Expected results can be observed if this is practiced daily for 15-21 days.
Instead of going for a synthetic (chemical), costly cosmetics the above said kitchen remedy may be more safe, effective and cheaper.
Click to consult Dr Krishnamurthy

Classical Catergorization

Bhavaprakasha Nighantu – Guduchyadi varga
Kaiyadeva Nighantu – Aushadhi varga
Raja Nighantu – Parpataadi varga


Black actechu, Pieces of Iron and stones

Interaction with medicines, supplements

Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.

Can this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.

With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.


In vitro Antibacterial activity
Evaluation of biological and toxicological properties

Mode of usage

Its pulp is used in small quantities as a vegetable. But over-dosage should be avoided.
Its leaf is soaked in a cup of water over night. Next day morning, the water is consumed.
Its extract in the form of capsule / tablet is administered under medical supervision.
Its ready-to-use juices are available in the market.
Because of its anti dandruff properties, its dry powder or pulp is used in making anti dandruff hair oil

Ayurvedic medicines

Ayurveda medicines containing Aloe as ingredient:
Kumarayasav –
used in abdominal distention, bloating, cough, cold, piles etc.
Raja Pravartini Vati – used in treating amenorrhea and scanty bleeding
Mukta Panchamrit Ras – used in the treatment of Chronic fever, phthisis , Emaciation, Cough etc
Karutha Gulika – used in treatment of headache.

Aloe Vera in preparing Bhasma

Aloe Vera is used in incinerating copper metal into  Tamra Bhasma (Copper calx).
Similarly, it is used in preparing Pravala bhasma (coral), Shankha Bhasma (Conch Calx), Kapardika Bhasma (Cowries).

Aloe Vera as prebiotic

Acemannan and Fructans from Aloe Vera are found in Aloe Vera with prebiotic properties. An in vitro study conducted in Chile, proved their prebiotic property. These two chemicals boosted lactobacillus growth.

Fructans from Aloe Vera induced bacterial growth better than inulin (commercial FOS –  fructooligosaccharides). Acemannan stimulated bacterial growth less than fructans, and as much as commercial FOS. (research).

Aloe Vera for weight loss

How to use Aloe Vera for weight loss?
1. Take half a teaspoon of aloe Vera pulp. Heat it a little. Add a teaspoon of honey to it. Take it at night.
2. Take half a teaspoon of Aloe Vera pulp. Heat it a little. Add a teaspoon of Triphala powder to it. Make a paste with half a teaspoon of honey. Swallow this paste up with a cup of water, at night after food.

Aloe Vera in amenorrhea

How can aloe vera be useful in amenorrhoea (no periods), while it is told to be useful in heavy periods as well?
Aloe vera is a coolant, at the same time has pungency. It acts differently, when combined with different ingredients.
Aloe vera with hot ingredients – such as asafoetida and kaseesa (ferrous sulphate) can induce periods. Hence used in amenorrhoea. This is the reason, it is used as an ingredient in famous Ayurvedic medicine Raja Pravartini vati, used in treating scanty periods or delayed periods.

Mayo Clinic states that Aloe vera, if consumed along with warfarin (a blood thinning agent), can cause increased bleeding.

But this phenomenon is not seen if the aloe vera is made a combination with astringent and coolant herbs such as Ashoka (Saraca indica) or Lodhra (Symplocos racemosa). In this case, the coolant effect (Sheeta guna of aloe vera dominates over its pungent action.

How can one combat the laxative effect of Aloe vera?
The laxative effect of aloe vera can be combated by using it along with cardamom or cumin seed powder.

Baidyanath Aloevera Juice manufactured by Shree Baidyanath Ayurved Bhawan Pvt. Ltd.

Names in different languages

Hindi name- Gheekuvar
English Name- Indian Aloe
Telugu Name- Kalabanda
Kannada name- Lolisara, Lolesara
Malayalam Name- Kumari, Kattar Vazha
Tamil Name- Kathaazhai
Bengali Name – Ghrita Kumari

Botanical description

Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Spermatophyta
Subphylum: Angiospermae
Class: Monocotyledonae
Order: Liliales
Family: Aloaceae
Genus: Aloe
Species: Aloe vera


Aloe vera is a perennial herb with fleshy, succulent, green densely crowded leaves. It grows upto the height of 30 to 60 cm. Edges of leaves are sessile, serrated. Flowers are tubular and yellow in color. Fruits are triangular capsules and contains numerous seeds.
Useful part – Leaves


Aloe vera grows mainly in the dry regions of Africa, Arab, Asia, Europe and America. In India, it is found in Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu.

Sanskrit Synonyms

Aloe Vera is called as Kumari in Sanskrit. Kumari refers to a young girl. This name has two derivations.

  • It is used in diseases of young girls, like pimples and menstrual problems.
  • The plant is beautiful and looks young even after it grows old. 🙂

Gruha Kanya, Sthula dala, Dirgha patra, Gandala.
Ambudhisrava, Vipulasrava – Having profuse gel in the leaves.
Maataa – It is like a mother to the patient.
Deerghapatrika – Having long leaves
Ghrita Kumarika – leaf having slimy pulp similar to ghee.
Amara, Ajara – Has rejuvenating and anti aging properties

Aloe Vera varieties

Different varieties- At present A. Vera chinensis, A. Barbadensis, A. Vera are mainly being used as Kumari. The author also noticed several other species of Aloe are being sold or cultivated in the name of Kumari in Kerala and Tamil Nadu.


Cultivated throughout India.
A. Vera chinensis- smaller AsiTIC from, fleshy, Lanceolate leaves 30 cm long and re curved at tips, rounded beneath , blue green with white marking and whitish teeth; flowers orange.

Aloe Vera chemical constituents

Aloe- Emodin, aloctin A(Glycoprotein), Aloenin(bitter Glucoside), barbaloin, Chrysophanol Glycoside; Galactose, Mannose, Aldopentose, Aloesin, Aloeesone, b-sitosterol, Alocutin A & B etc.
(Reference: Illustrated Dravyaguna VIjnana, Vol. II, by Dr JLN Shastry)

64 thoughts on “Aloe Vera Benefits, Research, Home Remedies, Side Effects”

  1. Just recently I stumbled upon Aloe Vera’s potential benefits for digestive system, internal cleansing, etc. so obviously I came here to find more reliable information.

    It would be great if you would write about how to take it (including if possible some guidance on whether it can be taken with something else to reduce its extreme – such as laxative – effects) and whether it can be taken long term, other precautions, etc.

    Thank you,

    • To combat its laxative effect, it can be used along with cardamom.
      There are no big long term side effects with Aloe vera.

      • Thank you, I’ve started taking aloe vera juice (couple of tbsp) with fresh apple juice along with a pinch of cardamom. The cardamom does seem to help.

        • Is the ‘laxative’ effect of aloe vera good (i.e. both detoxifying and nourishing) like that of triphala or is it bad/harsh like that of castor oil? I’m guessing it’s friendly since it’s alright for long term, but would like to confirm.

          Also, is taking aloe vera juice (not fresh, but manufactured and sold in bottles) okay for long term? It would be helpful to see a video or at least an article about how to squeeze fresh juice out of the aloe leaves. Then I can try to avoid buying the readymade juice.

          • Its laxative effect is mild. Readymade juices are not good fr long term use. I will make an Ayurvedic aloe juice video soon.

  2. Radiation induced skin toxicity — reminds me — do the Ayurveda texts talk about possible harmful effects of electromagnetic toxins in today’s modern world? Aren’t these one type of ‘toxins’ just like physical, mental and emotional toxins?

    How real is the harm from them today, and what we can do to keep our channels EMF/radiation-free when surrounded by cell phone towers, wireless routers, computers, refrigerators, cell phones and so on…?

    Thank you,

    • I have put this topic on the future article list. A few of Panchakarma detailing articles are coming up. After that, it will be easy for me to explain a solution for radiation problem.

  3. Is it harmful to take aloe vera gel/juice at bedtime? Should it always be taken empty stomach i.e. in the morning?

    • Aloe vera juice 20 – 30 ml per day, should be a good dose for regular use for healthy.

  4. Since aloe Vera juice has a cooling effect, can it increase the vata in body? Or can it be consumed empty stomach in morning in increased vata?

    • Aloe vera is coolant and is having calming effect over stomach, hence used in many Ayurvedic products against gastritis. Hence, it can be consumed on empty stomach in the morning. Though being coolant, it does not increase Vata to a very big extent.
      If the aloe vera juice is procured readymade from the market, please follow the label guidelines.

  5. Dr Sir,
    Good article. Could you just enlighten me whether it could be taken along with allopathy medicine Prolomet 25 mg twice daily to control High BP?

    • You can take aloe vera while taking Prolomet 25 mg (Metoprolol). But maintain a gap of 30 minutes between aloe vera and this medicine.

  6. I am having too much dandruff. Can fresh gelly be applied on hair before having bath ?
    I tried it, it was a good experience. 🙂

  7. hello sir!
    As you know there are many species of aloevera. How will we find the one that should be used for face

    • Hi, there is only one species of Aloe barbadens, with typical features of Aloe vera leaf, that you can see in the picture. Please go with it. It is very easily available anywhere in India.

    • It is very useful for diabetes. Its capsule can be taken in a dose of 1 – 2 capsules once or twice a day. Dose depends on the blood sugar level.

      • If you have mentioned the dosage of alovera cap/juice by giving sugar level as examples then it is very useful.

        • That is a bit difficult to do because sugar level control varies from person to person, so also the aloe vera juice concentration.

  8. Sir, Plz tell me
    Is their any quality difference b/w
    Forever company’s aloe vera (costly)
    Indian company’s aloe vera ?

  9. Almost all juices available in the market have some sort of preserving agents, like citric acid or some other acids, thus by not giving us full benefits of amla. Is aloe powder any good? Which are some good companies?

    Thanks sir again.

  10. Thanks Dr Hebbar. Are there any Aloe juices available without the preserving agents? Can we juice Aloe at home and store it in refrigerator for extended use? For how long can we store Aloe juice in refrigerator?

    • I doubt if such a juice is available.
      You can prepare boil the aloe vera pulp. Crush the juice. add Sugar or jaggery and water, make it juice. You can preserve this in refrigerator for about 1 – 2 weeks time.

  11. Hello Dr Hebbar,

    Thank you very much for making Ayurvedic science available to all.
    Can we have aloe vera pulp, turmeric and neem powder on empty stomach every morning?


  12. But no such caution is printed on the Patanjali Aloe Vira juice bottles. I am using it (and Amla juice) since 1 year. Is it OK?

    • Better to use it for 2 months, then give a gap of one month and then continue again for 2 months. This way, it can be continued for long.

  13. Is aloe vera good for man I know it’s good for women will it cause impotence or disturb the male hormones is it also good for digestion of your food thank you

  14. Hi, it can cause stomach irritation. It is best to cook the gel for 1 – 2 minutes in cooking oil or just heat it with a little water and then consume it. It can be consumed for many months.

  15. I want a glowing face.
    1. How I can use aloevera gel for glowing clear skin?
    2. Is it safe to apply aloevera gel on hair?

  16. Can this juice of alovera be taken with amla juice ..on daily basis .or one should take a course of some specific period.alovera juice can be be taken by recurrent cough and cold pt.or not as you told it’s cool in nature

  17. Hello Dr.
    Thank you for such a detailed information on this plant.
    I want to know if there is any reference in Ayurveda for Aloevera oil for hair treatments?


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