Shatavari Asparagus racemosus Uses, Research, Side Effects

By – Dr JV Hebbar
Shatavari – Asparagus racemosus helps mother to lactate more, useful in treating male and female infertility, induces sleep, calms mind and stomach and much more.

Botanical Name- Asparagus racemosus Wild.
SynonymsAsparagopsis abyssinica Kunth
Family- LILIACEAE
There are two varieties of Shatavari, with similar medicinal properties and uses.
Satavari – Asparagus racemosus
Maha Satavari  – Asparagus sarmentosus Linn

Asparagus racemosus

Shatavari for gastritis

Because of its bitter principles and coolant properties, it is very useful in treating gastritis.

Processing with milk:
To treat many diseases such as gastritis, for aphrodisiac effect, anti ageing effect, Asparagus racemosus is often boiled with milk and administered.

For Acne treatment

Because of its coolant nature and bitter principles, it is useful in blood imbalance disorders and skin conditions such as acne. Because it balances hormones, it is very useful against hormone imbalance induced acne.

To enhance breast milk production

Almost all herbal lactation promoting medicines in the market contain Shatavari as a very essential ingredient. It also helps in normal involution of uterus and helps to stop bleeding in the mother, in the initial few weeks after delivery. Hence, it is one of the ideal herbs to be used during lactation period.
Apart from improving breast milk production, it also adds nutritive value to it, which helps the baby.

Shatavari for breast size improvement – Shatavari in some women, can cause breast size improvement.

As gym supplement

Because of its nutritive properties, coolant nature, anti ageing effect, Shatavari makes an excellent gym supplement. It helps to relieve tiredness quickly and also improves muscle mass.

As nerve tonic

It is a very good nerve tonic. It is useful in epilepsy, schizophrenia and neurological disorders. Because of its coolant nature, it is very useful in relieving diabetic neuropathy. It is good for both diabetes and nerve irritation causing burning fingers and toes.

Usage

As per Sharangdhara Samhita, only wet roots of Satavari should be used in making herbal products in preparing Kashayam (water decoction), Avaleha (herbal jams) etc. However, this rule does not apply when it is used in powder form.

Its decoction is advised in a dose of 25 – 50 ml per day. Its decoction is prepared by adding 1 tablespoon of powder to 2 cups of water, boiled and reduced to half a cup. Filtered. Consumed when hot.

Medicinal uses

Shatavari – Asparagus racemosus medicinal uses:
Vrushya – Aphrodisiac
Kshayajit – Useful in chronic respiratory disorders, tuberculosis
Asrajit – Useful in blood disorders,
Ayushya, Vaya Sthapani, Rasayanavara – A very good anti ageing medicine
Shukrala – Improves sperm and semen quantity and quality
Stanyada – Improves breast milk production
Medhya – Improves intelligence
Pushtida – Nutritious, improves nourishment
Chakshushya – Improves vision, good for eyes, useful in eye disorders
Pittasrahara – Useful in bleeding disorders such as nasal bleeding, Menorrhagia, rectal bleeding etc.
Gulmajit – Useful in abdominal tumours
Atisarajit – Relieves diarrhoea
Shophajit – Reduces swelling, anti inflammatory
Retodoshahara – Improves sperm quality, improves sperm and semen health and sperm mobility
Garbhaprada – Relieves infertility
Kshataksheenahara – Relieves chest injury, injury with bleeding

Medicinal properties

Shatavari Medicinal Properties:
Rasa (Taste)- Madhura (sweet), Tikta (Bitter)
Guna (Qualities) – Guru (Heaviness), Snigdha (Oily, unctuous)
Vipaka- Madhura – Undergoes sweet taste conversion after digestion
Veerya – Sheeta – Cold potency.
Effect on Tridosha: Balances Vata and Pitta

Shatavari ankura qualities

The sprouts of Asparagus racemosus – Shatavari Ankura:
Kapha – Pittahara – Balances Kapha and Pitta
Madhura, Tikta – Sweet, Bitter in taste
Arshohara –  useful in piles, haemorrhoids
Kshayapaha – useful to improve depleted body tissues, chronic respiratory conditions, tuberculosis

According to Bhojana Kutuhalam 13th chapter, the sprouts of shatavari is bitter in taste, aphrodisiac in nature and alleviates all the three dosha.

Sanskrit Synonyms

Shatapadi, Peevari, Indeevari, Vari, Bahusuta, Madabhanjani, Satamuli, Satavirya, Suksmapatra, Atirasa,
Rushyaprokta, Dveepishatru, Dveepika, Urdhvakantaka
Narayani – Ausupicious, divine

Classical categorisation

Charaka-
Balya – Strength and immunity promoting group of herbs
Vayasthapana – Anti ageing group of herbs
Madhura skandha – Sweet tasting group of herbs

Vagbhata- Vidarigandhadi
Susruta-

Vidarigandhadi,
Pitta Shamaka – Pitta balancing group of herbs
Kantaka Panchamula

Distribution, chemical constituents

Distribution: Throughout tropical and Subtropical India

Asparagus racemosus chemical Constituents- Root- Sarsapogenin; two spirostanolic & two Furostanolic sponins; Sitosterol, Asparagamine A.
Fruits- B- sitosterol, Sarsasapogenin, Diosenin, Asparamins A & B . Leaves- Favonoids, Rutin.
(Reference: Illustrated Dravyaguna VIjnana, Vol. II, by Dr JLN Shastry)

Microscopic and macroscopic view

Macroscopic and Microscopic examination of root of  Asparagus racemosus  was carried out and summarised  below-
Macroscopic character;-Roots peeled hence dull white in colour.External surface grooved;  and tastes mucilage.
Microscopic character:
Outer layer with brown contents.Cortex consists of thin walled parenchyma cells.Calcium oxalate crystas are scattered in the cortical cells.Central vascular bundle With xylem and phloem elements.

Asparagus racemosus

Part used, dosage

Part used: Tuberous roots
Dosage:
fresh juice 10-20 ml,
Decoction  (Kashaya) – 50-100 ml;
Powder 3-6 g in divided dose per day.

How to take?
Its root is processed with milk and consumed.
It is also available in the form of capsules and tablets.

Side effects

Shatavari side effects:
In a few women, with high oestrogen, Shatavari mimics oestrogen and causes symptoms like breast tenderness. In such cases, it should only be administered in the first half period of menstrual cycle. (Starting from onset of menstruation till 14 days).
I have seen that this tactic serves very well in treating PCOS and irregular periods. (I am open to discussions)
However, the oestrogen mimicking effect is very unpredictable and most of women tolerate it pretty well.
In a few patients, Shatavari helps to improve breast size. It may or may not be a desirable effect for women.

Dry Satavari

Interaction with medicines, supplements

Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.

Can this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.

With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.

FAQs

Can men take Satavari?
In some women, Shatavari shows oestrogenic effect. It increases oestrogen production. But it does not show the oestrogenic effect in all people. It is not a direct substitute for oestrogen. Hence, can be used in men as well.

Can this be taken without consulting a doctor?
No. It is always best to consult your doctor before taking any herb

How long does it take to start showing results?
Depends on the dosage and other products suggested with this. Usually 1 – 2 weeks time.

Can this product be taken along with Allopathic medicines (English medicines)?
Usually it is well tolerated with allopathic medicines. However, consult your doctor for the right advice. When English and Ayurvedic medicines are advised together, it is best to take English medicine first, give a gap of half an hour and then take Ayurvedic medicines.  

Can it be used in people with diabetes?
Yes. But an eye should be kept on the blood sugar level. Your doctor should help you in this regard. This product can reduce blood sugar levels.

It is sold in plastic bottles. Is it fine? 
If the quality of the bottle material is very good, it should not be a problem, if stored for a short period of time.

Can one take non vegetarian food while taking this medicine?
Yes, unless your practitioner has asked to avoid it.

Is there any Pathya (diet rules to be followed while taking this product?
No product specific diet is mentioned. If the practitioner has advised diet control based on disease, one has to follow that.

ripe and unripe fruits

Sanskrit verse

Asparagus racemosus uses
Shatavari uses

Maha Shatavari benefits

Maha Satavari  – Asparagus sarmentosus Benefits:
Hrudya – acts as cardiac tonic, congenial for heart
Medhya, Medhakara – Improves intelligence
Agnivardhini – Increases digestion strength
Balavardhini – Improves strength and immunity
Grahani hara – useful in IBS, sprue, altering diarrhoea and constipation
Arshaghna – Useful in piles, haemorrhoids
Vrushya – aphrodisiac, improves vigour
Sheeta – coolant
Rasayani – anti ageing, causes cell and tissue rejuvenation
Arshohara – useful in piles, haemorrhoids
Akshirogahara, Nayanamaya hara – Useful in eye disorders
Balada – improves strength and immunity

Maha Shatavari synonyms

Maha Satavari  – Asparagus sarmentosus Linn
Synonyms:
Sahasraveerya, Abheeru, Tungini, Bahuputrika, Mahapurushadanta, Keshi, Peevari, Vari, Rushyaprokta,

Shatavari flowers

Research

Experimental evaluation of 
antiurolithiatic activity
Antimicrobial activity
Study of phyto-hormones

Shatawari

Ayurvedic medicines

Ayurvedic medicines with Satavari ingredient:
Shatavari Gulam
Herbal jam with jaggery base. Used in the treatment of gynaecological conditions, diseases of urinary tract and liver complications.
Shatavaryadi Ghrita – A medicated herbal ghee product – used in treating urinary tract diseases, difficulty in urination, and calculi.
Shatavaryadi Churna – A herbal powder mix, used in treating stress, tiredness and fatigue.
Narasimha Churna – Used in respiratory conditions, male infertility treatment, etc. 

Manufacturer:
Patanjali Shatavar Churna – manufactured by Patanjali Ayurved Limited.

Vernacular names

Names in different languages:
Hindi Name- Satavare
English Name – buttermilk root, climbing asparagus, wild asparagus,
kannada name-Majjige gadde
ಹಲವು ಮಕ್ಕಳ ತಾಯಿ ಬೇರು – Halavu Makkala Tayi Beru – Because it promotes lactation, it is called as the mother root for many children.
Ugurele Gida – the leaves resemble cut nails (of finger)
Tamil Name- Sadavare, Thanneer Vittaan Kizhangu, Thaner Vittan Kilangu, Thaneer Vitaan Kizhangu, Thanneer Vittaan Kilangu.
Marathi & Gujrathi Name- Satavari
Arabic name – shakakul, shaqaqul
Konkani Name – Satavari
Assamese name : শতমূল satomul
Bengali name – : শতমূলী satamuli, Dogri: sainsarbel, satmooli, shatavar
Gujarati name – : શતાવરી shatavari
Malayalam: ശതാവരി sathavari
Manipuri: নুংগাৰৈ nunggarei
Oriya: ବରୀ vari, Pali:
Punjabi: ਛੋੱਟਾ ਕੇਲੂ chhotta kelu,
Urdu: ستاور satawar

Home Remedies

It can be found in the tropical areas of Asia, India, Australia, and African countries. The tender leaves and flowers are so beautiful that many plant this herb in their garden without being aware that it has tremendous health benefits!

The steroidal saponins of the plant are commonly known as shatavarins.
Flavonoids such as quercetin and rutin are also resent in Shatavari fruits and flowers

The scientists have evaluated  Immunomodulatory activity, Anti-ulcerogenic effect, Antioxidant activity, Anti-cancer effect, Anti-diabetic properties, Anti-inflammatory effect, Antidiarrheal nature, Antimicrobial action of this amazing herbs.

It is also useful in depression and low libido of both men and women.
It is a known Adaptogenic effect and an excellent anti oxidant.

For breast feeding mothers

1. Shatavari medicated milk in breast feeding mothers:
1 or 2 fresh or dry roots of asparagus is added to a cup of milk and it is cooked for 5 – 10 minutes. Filtered. It is given to the new mothers, early in the morning to improve breast milk production.
Even in cattle, this practice is found where the veterinary doctors advice to administer raw Shatavari to the cattle.

Fatigue, lethargy

2. Shatavari root powder remedy for fatigue, lethargy, loss of libido:
3-5 gram of root powder of Shatavari is administered along with powdered sugar candy, twice a day. This relieves work exhaustion, numbness, neuritis, fatigue, lethargy, loss of libido etc.

Recurrent UTI

3. Root powder with honey in recurrent urinary tract infections:
5 gram of the powder of Shatavari if consumed regularly during night time recurrent UTI, spermaturia, haematuria and backache are cured successfully.

Burning micturition

4. Asparagus cold infusion in burning urination and bleeding from urethra:
Fresh asparagus is cut into small pieces and soaked in water or else the 5-10 gram powder is added to  300 ml water and kept for a while. This is macerated and filtered.
This is given to the individuals, suffering from burning urination and bleeding from urethra. Good health benefits are assured in such conditions.

To improve sperm count

5. Shatavari- Ashwagandha remedy to improve sperm count:
Fine powder of equal quantity of Shatavari, Ashwagandha and Kapikacchu are taken and mixed together. This is taken in the dose of 3-5 grams of else this is cooked with a cup of milk for 5 minutes, filtered and consumed.
This promotes sexual libido and increases the sperm count too.

To improve weight

6. Shatavari and pippali powder to improve weight:
This is a simple and effective practice of North Karnataka. Equal quantity of Shatavari and Pippali powder is taken and mixed well. This is taken in a dose of 3-5 gram during night or early in the morning along with Banana juice/ Banana milkshake. Good weight gain is observed if this is carried for 30-40 days.

Classical Ayurveda prescribes hundreds of  formulations derived form Shatavari. It has several indications also. Among over the counter sold products of Ayurveda, Shatavari powder takes a major proportion as it is safe, efficacious and has wider utility. Also the well appreciated rejuvenation benefit of this drug makes it to accept by people at large.
Click to consult Dr MS Krishnamurthy MD (Ayu), PhD

80 thoughts on “Shatavari Asparagus racemosus Uses, Research, Side Effects”

  1. U r highly educated and experienced .All the information shared by you is really very useful to all of us.We r most fortunate to get connected with you.Thank u very much.
    Regards
    Chandrasekhar

    Reply
  2. Thank you for a very informative and exhaustive article on Shatavari.
    For treating hearing loss with Sarivadi Bati (2 tabs twice a day) please clarify if the action is enhanced by mixing half a spoonfull of Shatavari Churna in cup of warm milk (and having the bati at same time)
    Best regards,
    S. Mukherjee

    Reply
  3. Good,very Good, Excellent. with my 30 years of experience in knowing Ayurvedas what all i have learn about Satavari is here.

    Reply
  4. Hi, there is small difference.
    The vegetable asparagus is called Garden asparagaus – botanical name – Asparagaus officinalis.
    Shatavari is asparagus racemosus.
    These are two different herbs.

    Reply
  5. Hi, Thanks 🙂
    Shatavari churna / Shatavari Ghrita’s shelf life, after when the bottle is opened is not more than 6 – 8 months. Hence, it is best to discard that and take a new one and use it.
    Same rule applies to Churna. Once the Churna is opened, better to use it up before 3 – 4 months of time.
    Read more – shelf life of Ayurvedic products after when the bottle is opened – https://www.easyayurveda.com/2011/02/05/shelf-life-or-expiration-date-of-herbal-products-after-the-jar-is-opened/

    Reply
    • Thanks for the quick response doctor. So I can get new bottle and use it at this time also?
      If so, which of the two should I take Gritham or churna? and of course the dosage.

      Regards,
      Vidya

      Reply
  6. Great article. Dr I wanted to know whether Shatavari gulam would help for persons with heavy menstrual bleeding (Menorrhagia) and if so the dosage.

    Reply
  7. Can shatavari be taken by men for weight gain?
    Won’t it cause increase of estrogen in men and thus will complicate hormonal balance?

    Reply
  8. Dr. you mentioned above in response to someone message that “hearing issue is Vata related and shatavari balances Vata so it will help”.
    Does it mean Shatavari can help with tinnitus since it’s Vata related ?. Also Shatavari causes to gain weight?.

    Reply
    • Shatvari helps in tinnitus. Shatavari, used along with sweet, nutritious substances can contribute to weight gain.

      Reply
  9. Hi, no need to remove external skin. You can dry it, powder it and use it.
    It can also be used afresh with refrigeration.

    Reply
  10. Hi Dr.Hebbar

    I understand from your article that it helps in weight gain, which is a good thing for vata-pitta person like me but is it possible to take it in capsule/tablet form if the patient is not comfortable with kalpa+milk?

    Thanks a lot!

    Reply
    • Hi, Shatavari is used for hair regrowth. Yashtimadhu is usually used externally, in the form of hair oils, for hair growth.

      Reply
  11. Hello sir,
    M taking organic shatavri capsules from 2 weeks n having too much hair loss:( . Is it because of shatavri? Pls suggest m tensed didnt had this much hair loss before

    Nikita

    Reply
      • Namaste Sir, It can be had in a dose of half a gram per day, with milk or water. But would advise other medicines than this when it comes to Gastric Ulcers.

        Reply
  12. Hi, Shatavari for improving lactation is administered after delivery, not during pregnancy

    Reply
  13. Does the shatavari powder help in milk supply after 3 months of delivery ? If i donot want to gain any more weight what should be the correct dosage?

    Reply
  14. i just want to know while we are taking shatavari powder its is advisable to eat non veg?
    and how many months i should continue?
    per day how many times i can take?
    to be taken empty stomach or after breakfast?

    Reply
  15. I JUST WANT TO KNOW THAT WHAT IS THE COLOR OF SHATAVARI ROOTS (ASPARAGUS RACEMOSUS) WHEN THEY ARE IN DRIED FORM…..IS THEY APPEAR DARK BROWN IN COLOR ?…IF NOT THEN WHAT IS THE COLOR OF ASPARAGUS RACEMOSUS ROOTS IN DRIED FORM ?

    Reply
  16. Dr. 1 lady in my family was taking 1 tsp of satawari powder daily with milk just for energy due to some ubknown reasons she had piles problem and gone through a surgery.. so now after surgery should she continue of its use ???

    Reply
  17. Hii m suffring from high bp n I have loose my weight is shatvar is useful to gain weight plz help me

    Reply
  18. Hi doctor
    I am 18 weeks pregnant and started taking shatavari guda. Today experienced light pain in groin area. Does that induce period? Am worried to continue or not. Pls reply

    Reply
  19. I have few shatavari plants @ home. Can anybody let me know how to process the roots? Also are the leaves and fresh shoots of any medicinal value?

    Reply
    • It does not show the estrogenic effect in all people. It is not a direct substitute for estrogen. Hence, useful in men as well.

      Reply
  20. Hi sir I take mixture of satavari and aswagandha and I feel 4 kg of weight loss ,can height loss is possible

    Reply
  21. Can a woman of 60, 4’10” height, 36 kg weight, having bp 150/40, urinary track infections, moderate b/sugar, respiratory track infection (cough during sleep), nerve irritation, easily irritating mentality, fibroids in uterous & cysts on overy, take shatavari powder??

    Reply
  22. It could be due to Shatavari. I suggest changing the brand to organic India / Himalaya or stopping it.

    Reply
  23. What is preferred timing to consume Shatavri churna? Before or After Dinner/lunch? I am already taking Ashwagandha Churna at night.

    Reply
  24. I take shatavari 1 capsule 2 times a day after food but it is slightly heavy and csuse pain in upper abdomen. So how i can take because it reduce tiredness

    Reply
  25. Hello Dr,

    Which herb could be used as substitute for Shatavari? Something that is compatible with hadjod and moringa leaf powders?

    Reply
  26. No way. There are many shatavari products with carbohydrate in it, like Shatavari gulam.

    Reply
  27. Is shatavari good for persons having high prolactin? Do regular intake of shatavari make prolactin high? Sir pls give me reply

    Reply
  28. Dear Dr. thank you for the enlightening article. The tamil Name for this herb is “Thanneer Vittaan Kizhangu”, “Thaner Vittan Kilangu”, “Thaneer Vitaan Kizhangu”, Thanneer Vittaan Kilangu”. Kindly incorporate in ths site ps.

    Reply
  29. The info on this website is always accurate and with reference to ayurvedic texts. Whenever I need any info on any ayurvedic herb this is the site I prefer to visit.

    Reply
  30. Radhe! Radhe! Dear Dr. J V Hebbar ???

    Can take a woman under pregnency Shatavari Gulam?!
    Thank you for your answhere

    Radhe! Radhe!

    Reply

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