Can you imagine an herb which is anti oxidant, reduces cholesterol, reduces BP and useful in diabetes, all at the same time? – Terminalia arjuna it is.
Botanical Name-Terminalia arjuna (Roxb) W&A
Names in different languages:
English Name- Arjun Tree, Arjunolic Myrobalan
Hindi & Bengali Name-Arjun – अर्जुन
Manipuri name – Maiyokpha – মাঈযোকফা
Telugu Name – Tella Maddi
Gujarati Name – Sadado
Tamil Name -Poomarudhu, Neermarudhu / Belma/Marudam patti / Marutu – மருது
Malayalam name – Adamboe, Chola venmaruthu, Poomaruthu, Manimaruthu, Neermaruthu
Kannada Name – Neer matti, Holemaththi, Holedaasaala
Dhavala – the external layer of bark is white in colour
Indradru – it is a big tree
Nadisarja – Usually found in the river banks
Phalguna, Kakubha, Virarksha, Partha, Dhoorta Bhuruha, Shvetavaaha, Nadi Sarja, Dhananjaya, Veerantaka, Kireeti, Pandava, Veeravruksha
Udarda prashamana – group of herbs that are used in allergic skin conditions and ring worm infestation,
Kashaya Skandha – astringent tasting group of herbs
Susruta- Nyagrodhadi, Salasaradi
Vagbhata- Viratarvadi, salasaradi
There are two types with similar effects.
Arjuna – Terminalia arjuna – white variety
Kakubha – Terminalia alata (Terminalia tomentosa) – black variety
Terminalia arjuna being taken as the source of Arjuna. But some take T.panniculata & even T.tomentosa as Arjuna.
Even Sterculia urens is considered as Arjuna in Rajasthan & in parts of Pakistan.
K.C.Chunekar ji in the commentary of Bhavaprakasha Nighantu states that some Physicians in India consider L. flos-reginae to be the source of ARJUNA, Inspite of the fact that the common source of ARJUNA being Terminalia arjuna, Combretaceae.
Common on the river banks, found almost throughout India.
Major chemical constituents
Terminalia arjuna- Arachidic stearate, cerasidin, cerasidin, Arjunic Acid, tannins, Arjunone, Arjunetin, Arjunglucosisdes, I & II; Arjunoside I, II&IV; Arjunolic acid & etc.
Bark: calcium and magnesium salts, flavonoids.
Terminalia alata- Gum, Arjunic, & Arjunolic acids, Arjunetin, Betulinic and ellagic acid, tannins etc.
(Reference: Illustrated Dravyaguna VIjnana, Vol. II, by Dr JLN Shastry)
Terminalia arjuna medicinal properties
Rasa (taste) – Kashaya (astringent)
Guna (qualities) – Rooksha (dryness), Laghu (lightness)
Vipaka- Katu – Undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion.
Veerya – Sheeta – cold potency
Prabhava – special effect – Hrudya – cardiac tonic
Effect on Tridosha – Balances Kapha Pitta Dosha.
Part used, dosage
Dosage- Powder 3-6 g; water decoction 50-100 ml, in divided dose per day.
Terminalia arjuna benefits:
Because of its Kashaya rasa – astringent taste, it acts as Stambhana, useful in bleeding disorders, it heals fracture and wounds quickly.
Because of its astringent and styptic properties, it is also used in pus in urine, UTI and dysentery.
PittaKapha Vrana – useful to relieve ulcers and wounds due to Pitta and Kapha imbalance
Medohara – reduces fat and cholesterol levels
Mehahara – useful in urinary tract disorders and diabetes
Hrudroga – useful in cardiac disorder
Bhagna – quickly heals fracture
Kshata – Useful in chest injuries
Kshayahara – Useful in chronic respiratory disorders, tuberculosis
Shramahara – Relieves tiredness, fatigue
Trushnahara – Relieves thirst
Asrajit – Useful in bleeding disorders
Because of its astringent properties, it is used as ingredient in tooth powders. It helps to treat bleeding gums
For heart, cholesterol
Terminalia arjuna for heart, cholesterol and cardiovascular health –
Arjuna decreases LDL levels, and is also an excellent anti oxidant. ( Study on anti oxidant and hypocholesterolaemic activity). Hence, useful in high cholesterol.
Arjun is a cardiac tonic. It strengthens heart, useful in angina and high blood pressure. The bark is rich in high in Coenzyme Q10, which reduces BP.
Terminalia arjuna Side effects:
Because it can lower blood pressure and blood sugar levels, people on medication for BP and diabetes need to take precaution to avoid over-dosing.
It is safe to use in children and during lactation. Consult your doctor for advise to use in pregnancy.
Interaction with medicines, supplements
Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.
this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets,
Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.
Ayurvedic home remedies
Home remedy using Arjuna –
Bark of Arjuna is processed with milk to prepare a heart tonic. It is also beneficial in healing fractures quickly. Learn more about Arjuna milk remedy
How to consume?
How to consume Terminalia arjuna?
Arjun Ki Chaal – Bark
Its bark powder, made into Kashayam (water decoction) and consumed in a dose of 50 ml, once or twice a day, before food. A tablespoon of bark powder is added to 2 cups of water, boiled and reduced to half a cup, filtered and consumed when hot.
It can be consumed in the form of milk remedy, as explained above.
Its extracts in the form of capsule is available in the market. With doctor’s advise, it is usually administered in a dose of 1 capsule once or twice a day, based on BP and sugar levels.
Ayurvedic medicines with Arjuna ingredient –
Arjunarisht – a cardiac tonic, useful in the treatment of chest injury, weakness, feeling tired all the time, chronic respiratory diseases, cough, throat related diseases.
Prabhakar Vati – used in cardiac disorders
Ayaskriti –a fermented preparation, used in anaemia, weight loss therapy, skin diseases etc.
Pushyanuga Churna – used in menorrhagia, diarrhoea etc