Brumhana therapy is aimed to improve the nutrition level of the body. The word Brumhana is derived from the word Brihat – big. So, this treatment aims to make the body big or to improve nourishment and to improve weight and height.
It is also called as nourishing therapy.
Definition of Brumhana therapy:
बृहत्त्वं यच्छरीरस्य जनयेत्तच्च बृंहणम्|
bṛhattvaṃ yaccharīrasya janayettacca bṛṃhaṇam| – Charaka Samhita Sutrasthana 22/10
The process of increasing the bulk of the body is called as Brumhan.
Effect on Tridosha
Brumhana is associated with bulkiness, heaviness etc, which are Kapha qualities and is opposite to Vata and Pitta qualities. Hence, this treatment is intended to increase Kapha Dosha and decrease Vata and Pitta.
Qualities of Brumhana substances
Qualities of treatments and substances used in Brumhan therapy:
Heavy (Guru) – This therapy is opposite to Langhana treatment. Because the purpose of Brumana is to increase weight, heaviness is a desired quality in herbs and treatments. Oils, fats etc which are heavy in nature, are used for this purpose.
Cold (Sheeta) – Hotness is associated with lightness and coldness is associated with heaviness. Coolant substances like milk, grapes, cucumber etc are used.
Soft (Mrudu), smooth (Shlakshna), sticky (Picchila) – These qualities are associated with heaviness.
Oiliness / unctuous (Snigdha), sluggish (Manda), stable (sthira), thick (Sthoola), bulky (bahala) – oils and fats, and sweets have these qualities.
Indication for Brumhana (nourishing therapy) –
Ksheena – debilitated, having muscle wasting
Kshata – injured – who has lost a lot of blood and who is feeling weak
Krusha – emaciated patients
Vrudda – elderly patients
Durbala – weak
Nityam adhwaga – who walk excessively on a daily basis
Stree nitya – who indulge in sexual activity on daily basis
Madya nitya – who take alcohol daily
Greeshma – for all persons, during summer, because the heat of the summer takes away energy from the body. Read more – Ayurvedic summer regimen
Shosha – muscle wasting, as in case of tuberculosis, chronic disorders.
Arsha – bleeding hemorrhoids
Grahani – malabsorption disorder / IBS – which makes the gut difficult to absorb nutrients leading to weight loss in the patient.
Brumhana diet and herbs
Diet and herbs for Brumhana therapy:
Fresh meat of young animals, fishes and bird meat
Milk, Ghee, Sugar, cheese and other dairy products
Raisins, dry fruits, nuts, beans, pomegranate, Aloe vera
Oils, jaggery, sugarcane, jack fruit
Sweet dishes, rice, wheat
Sweet tasting fruits.
Gambhari fruit – Gmelina arborea
Bruhmana rasayanas – Ayurvedic medicines useful in improving weight:
Kooshmanda rasayana – Used in bleeding disorders, tuberculosis, in anti aging treatment
Ajamamsa Rasayana – Used in cough, cold, tremors, neurological disorders, Vata imbalance disorders.
Drakshadi Lehyam -used in anemia, liver disorders.
Amruth Jeevan Rasayan – nervine tonic, immunity booster.
Brumhana activities and therapies
Activities and therapies for Brumhana –
Snana – Regular intake of bath, relaxes mind and muscles,
Oil massage – With Bruhmana oils such as Bala Ashwagandhadi taila, Mahamasha taila etc, helps to improve muscle strength and blood circulation.
Svapna – Regular sleep for at least 6 – 7 hours at night.
Madhura Sneha Basti – oil enema with sweet substances
Bruhmana type of Nasya – Nourishing nasal drops
Normal and excessive Brumhana
Symptoms of normal and excessive nourishing therapy –
Strength, improvement in muscle bulk and body size, disappearance of emaciation- these are the symptoms of proper administration of Nourishing Therapy.
Obesity is the result of the excessive administration of Bruhmana treatment.
Treatment – Langhana – lightening therapy