Patala – Stereospermum suaveolens Benefits, Side Effects, Research

Patala –  Stereospermum suaveolens is one among Dashamoola groups of herbs (group of 10 roots). It is used in snake bites, scorpion bites, vomiting etc. It is also used for neuro-protective and hepato-protective benefits.

Botanical Name-  Stereosprmum suaveolens DC (S. colais), Bignonia suaveolens, Stereospermum chelonoides
Family – BIGNONACEAE (Shyonaka Kula)

Vernacular Names

Hindi Name- Padhal, Podal
Telugu Name- Kaligottu, Padiri,Kaligottu, Kokkesa, Podira
Bengali Name- Parul
Punjabi Name- Padala
Marathi & GujaratiName- Padal
Tamil Name- Padari
Assamese name: Parul
Bengali name :  Parul
English name: Rose Flower Fragrant
Kannada name : Padramora
Malayalam : Padiri
Oriya name: Boro, Patulee
Punjabi : Padal

Sanskrit Synonyms

Paatala – Flower is Paatala (red) colored
Krushna Vrunta – black colored foot stalk
Phaleruha – Patala plant grows from seedlings
Kacasthali -The petiole of its leaves is black in colour
Alivallabha – Because of its sweet scent it attract bees
Madhudhooti, Alivallabha – Fragrant flowers attract bees
Tamrapushpi – coppery red colored flowers
Kuberakshi – seeds resembling eyes
Amogha – very useful plant
Kumbhipushpi – pot shaped flowers
Ambuvasini – usually found in marshy places
Kasthapatala, Ghantapatala, Tamrapushpi,Phaleruha, Sheetapatala

Classical Categorization

Charaka- Sothahara – anti inflammatory group of herbs
Susruta- Aragvadhadi, Brihat pancha moola,Adhobhagahara
Vagbhata- Aragvadhadi
Bh.Pr. Ni – Guduchyadi varga


Patala – Stereospermum suaveolens
Sweta patala – Stereospermum chelonoides


North circus and Deccan, in deciduous forests; western Ghats and also in deciduous forests, in the hills of Mysore, Malabar and Travancore, Scarce.


Habit-Deciduous tree grows. Young parts are Viscous and hairy.

Leaves- Leaves- Compound, 30 to 60 cm long, pinnate, broadly elliptic, acuminate, often serrulate, rough above, pubescent beneath, base usually rounded, main nerves are 6 to 8 pairs with reticulate venation.

Inflorescence- Panicle with viscid hairs.

Flowers-With long calyx, broad with 2 to 5 lobes, corolla is dull purple, pubescent outside, limb is oblique, 2-lipped, lobes are rounded.

Fruit- Capsule, straight, cylinder, slightly ribbed, somewhat rough with elevated whitish specks, valves thick and hard.

Seeds- Long membranous wing at each end, the nucleus furrowed across the middle sunk into the notches of the cylindrical brown spongy dissepiment.


Major chemical constituents

Bark contains crystalline bitter substance.
The leaves contain a flavone, stereolensin.
Bark – iridoid glycoside;
Root bark – n-triacontanol and beta-sitosterol;
Root heartwood – lapachol, dehydro-alpha-lapachone and dehydrotectol. Ceryl alcohol, palmitic, stearic and oleic acids.

Sanskrit verse

Stereospermum suaveolens benefits

Medicinal properties

Stereospermum suaveolens medicinal properties
Rasa – Tikta, kasaya
Guna (qualities)- Laghu (light to digest), Rooksha (dryness)
Virya- Anusna – not very hot
Vipaka – taste conversion after digestion—Katu (pungent)
Karma- Tridosahara,
Notes- its flower is Sheeta Virya in nature (coolant)

Part used, dosage

Part used-  Root bark, flower,seed,leaf,kshara
Dosage- Decoction 50-100 ml, Kshara 1-5.5 g

Side effects

No known side effects. Safe to use in lactation period and in children. To be used only under medical supervision during pregnancy.

Interaction with medicines, supplements

Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.

Can this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.

With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.


Patala – Stereospermum suaveolens benefits:
Root and root bark –
Pavanajit – useful in Vata imbalance disorder
Asrajit – useful in blood detoxification
Hikka – useful in hiccups
Vami, Chardi – useful in vomiting
Shopha – useful in edema, inflammation
Arochaka – useful in anorexia
Shwasa – useful in asthma, bronchitis
Trushna – useful in excessive thirst
It helps to relieve pain
It is useful to improve lactation in mother, useful in neurological disorders
Used in treating hemorrhoids and constipation
Its bark is used for internal administration and external application in snake bite and scorpion bite
Useful in gastritis and gastric ulcers.

Stereospermum suaveolens Flower –
Kashaya, Madhura – astringent, sweet in taste
Sheeta – coolant
Pitta Kapha hara
Asrajit – useful in blood detoxification
Hrudya – good for heart
Hidma – Treats hiccups
Atisaghna – Useful in diarrhoea
Shoshagnam – Treats depletion of Dhatus
Varivasanam – Imparts good fragrance to water

Paatala Fruit –
Hidhmaghna – useful in hiccup
Vatajit – useful in Vata imbalance disorders
Pitta Atisara – useful in diarrhea of Pitta imbalance
Dahaghna – relieves burning sensation
Hima – coolant, useful in excessive thirst
Guru – heavy to digest,
improves strength, aphrodisiac, used in treating chest injuries.
It is used in male and female infertility problems
Its leaves are coolant and oily in nature. hence useful in relieving burning sensation and pain.


Anti ulcer and gastro protective activity
Neuro-protective activity
Hepato-protective and anti oxidant activity
In Vivo immuno-modulatory activity

Ayurvedic medicines

Ayurvedic medicines with Oroxylum indicum ingredient –
Because it is one among Dashamoola – group of 10 roots, with potent anti inflammatory activity, it is an ingredient of all medicines containing Dashamoola – like
Dasamoolarishtam – used in after delivery mother care, cold, fever, cough etc.
Dhanwantaram tailam – used in rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, for external and internal use.
Dhanwantararishtam – another medicine used in post natal care of mother

Sthanika Karma (Systemic Action)

 External Application: Wound healing and helps to reduce pain. Leaf paste can be applied on wounds. Bark is indicated in vata kapha disorders and flower is beneficial in vata pittaja rogas.

Internal administration-
Nervous system – Helps to reduce pain. Indicated in all types of vataja roga’s.
Digestive System – Carminative, digestive, absorbent, Liver stimulant. Indicated in Diarrhea, Anorexia, Excessive thirst. Decoction of its bark is indicated in Hyper acidity.
Circulatory System – Helps to reduce oedema. Flowers are indicated in heart diseases.
Excretory System – Its alkali is indicated in urinary calculi
Respiratory System – Pacify Kapha dosha, and hiccough. Flowers with honey are beneficial in hiccoughs.
Reproductive system – Aphrodisiac.
Tapakrama – Reduce fever and burning sensation.
Satmikarana – Promote general body strength.

11 comments on “Patala – Stereospermum suaveolens Benefits, Side Effects, Research

  • Dr. Hemalata Mukundan

    24/07/2014 - 10:09 am

    You are doing an excellent work of bringing public awareness through Ayurveda . It will be further informative for urban dwellers who have grown up in cities to know more about plants if you include in your articles, pictures of the plant/tree with their leaves, flowers and fruits resulting in their identification and saving them.

    Reply to comment
    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu)

      24/07/2014 - 7:35 pm

      Dear Dr Hemalatha, I am trying very hard to include all the relevant herb pics. Also, I am getting a person who knows about plantation nursery farming etc. So, will surely include how to grow the herbs in the backyard and such other related information. Thanks.

      Reply to comment
  • Lucy

    24/07/2014 - 11:20 am

    Thank u for sharing this

    Reply to comment

    27/07/2014 - 11:42 am

    Great work sir

    Reply to comment
  • Kamal

    19/04/2017 - 10:31 am

    Hi doctor,
    In case of snake bite what is the dose to be ingested and how is the external application of the bark applied?

    Reply to comment
  • Dr. Rohini Shinde

    08/05/2017 - 1:59 pm

    thank you very much for aiding ayurveda in such a good way . it’s really appreciable

    Reply to comment
  • Amardeep

    16/05/2018 - 10:41 am

    Source of references?

    Reply to comment
    • Dr J V Hebbar MD(Ayu)

      04/06/2018 - 10:47 am

      Bhavaprakasha and Raja Nighantu.

      Reply to comment

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