Pungent taste is called as Katu Rasa in Sanskrit. Let us learn in detail about pungent taste, what are the general qualities of substances having Pungent taste, how it affects health, mind, Tridosha and diseases, adverse effects on excessive intake etc.
Effect on Tridosha
Pungent taste decreases Kapha. It increases Pitta and Vata Dosha.
Laghu, Ushna, Rooksha – light, hot and dry in nature
Pungent taste is composed of Vayu (air) and Agni (Fire) elements.
When you think of air and fire together, you could imagine lightness, hotness and dryness. These three are the qualities of food having pungent taste. Hence it increases Pitta. Because of its air element, it increases Vata dosha. When air is heated by fire, its volume increases, hence fire also contributes to Vata dosha increase.
Because hotness and lightness are against the Kapha qualities – cold and heaviness, pungent taste pacifies Kapha Dosha. Kapha can be compared to ice. So, if you expose ice to hot quality, it will melt, boil and evaporate.
Effect on body and mind
Rasana Udvejaka – Stimulates tongue
Todaka – causes / worsens pain
Vidaha – causes / worsens burning sensation
Mukha, Nasa, Netra Sravakara – induces lacrimation and secretions from nose and mouth.
Mukhashodhana – cleanses oral cavity
Sphutikaroti indriyani – sharpens sense organs
Deepana – increases digestion strength
Pachana – carminative
Krimighna – helps to relieve intestinal worms
Grahi – absorbs liquid
Hrudayottejaka – stimulates heart
Raktasravakara – induces / worsens bleeding
Avrushya – decreases sexual interest and performance
Karshana – causes weight loss
Lekhana – has scraping effect over the body channels
Vishaghna – detoxifying
Vranan avasadayati – allay excessive growth of ulcers
Krimeen Hinasti – kills germs and worms
Mamsam vilikhati – scrapes down muscle tissue
Bandhan chinatti – breaks down bonding
Sneha Sveda Kleda malan upahanti – helps in oleation, sweating, helps in elimination of sticky waste products
Kushtaghna – useful in some skin diseases
Cure diseases like Alasaka (indigestion), Shvayathu (inflammation), Upachaya (obesity), Udarda (urticaria), Abhishyanda (chronic conjunctivitis),
Kandughna – relieves itching. (Itching is a Kapha symptom. Since Katu rasa decreases Kapha, it helps to relieve itching.)
Pungent taste cures diseases of throat, allergic rashes, skin diseases, Alasaka (indigestion) and edema; reduces the swelling of the ulcers, dries up the unctuousness (greasiness), fat, and moisture (water); Pungent taste increases hunger, it is digestive, improves taste, Shodhana (cleansing, eliminates the Doshas), dries up moisture of the food, breaks up hard masses, dilates (expands) the channels and balances Kapha.
By over use, it causes thirst, depletion of Sukra (reproductive element, sperm) and strength, fainting (loss of consciousness) contractures, tremors and pain in the waist, back etc.
Generally pungent tasting substances are non-aphrodisiacs and increase Vata except for Amrita (Giloy), Patola, Shunti (ginger), Krishna (long pepper) and Garlic.
Example of pungent substances
Asa foetida, Black pepper, Vidanga, ginger, bile and urine of animals, Marking nut etc.
Excessive pungent taste consumption symptoms
Excess of Pungent causes increase of Pitta and Vata, leading to following symptoms –
Napumsakata – impotency
Glapayati, Sadayati, Karshayati – cause unconsciousness, weariness, leanness
Vishtambha – constipation
Vata, Mutra, Pureesha avarodha – constipation, urine flow obstruction / lack of obstruction,
Shukra Rodha – depleted sperm, semen production and deficient ejaculation.
Murcha – fainting
Glani – Tiredness
Krushata – Makes the body lean
Bhrama – Dizziness
Daha – burning sensation
Trushna – Excessive thirst
Vatarogas – diseases of Vata imbalance.
Because of the dominance of Vayu and Agnimahabhutas(air and fire elements) they also cause giddiness (bhrama), burning sensation (Davatu), tremor (kampa) piercing (toda) and stabbing pain (bheda) in legs, hands, back etc.
While taking food,Pungent taste should be consumed in the last half part of the diet, after having consumed sweet, sour and salt tastes.
bleeding disorders, Pitta disorders like burning sensation, high fever, gastritis, excessive thirst, very lean person, sexual disorders.
Pungent taste is ascertained by
irritation and pain in tongue, burning and watering in the mouth, nose and eyes.
Herbs with pungent taste
Hingu – Asa foetida,
Maricha – Black pepper,
Krimijit – Vidanga,
Panchakola – Chitraka, Pippalmoola, Pippali, Chitraka and ginger,