Group Of Herbs Used In Panchakarma – Ashtangahrudayam Sutrasthana 15

This chapter deals with various groups of herbs that are used in Panchakarma treatment. The chapter name is Shodhanadi Gana Sangraha Adhyaya. Apart from purificatory herbs, it also explains about other groups used in preparing Ayurvedic medicine. 

Chardana Gana—group of Emetics

Madana (Randia spinosa), Madhuka (Licorice),Lamba, Nimba (neem), Bimbi (Coccinia grandis) Vishala, Trapusha, Kutaja (Holarrhena antidysenterica), Murva, Devadali, Krimighna (Embelia ribes), Vidula, Dahana, Chitra (lead wort), the two Kosavati, Karanja, Kana (long pepper), Vacha (Acorus calamus), Ela (cardamom) and Sarhsapa (mustard) form the group of  emetics.

Virechana Gana – group of purgatives

Nikumbha, Kumbha, Triphala (Haritaki, Vibhitaki, Amalaki), Gavakshi, Snuk (Snuhi), Shankhini, Nilini (Indigofera tinctorea), Tilvaka, Samyaka, Kampillaka (Mallotus philippinensis), Hemadugdha, Dugdha (milk), and Mutra (urine) – are Purgatives. 2

Niruhana Gana- group of Drugs for decoction enema

Madana (Randia spinosa), Kutaja (Holarrhena antidysenterica), Kustha (Saussurea lappa), Devadali, Madhuka,Vacha, Dashamoola, Daru (Devadaru), Rasna,Yava, Mishi, Kritavedhanam, Kulattha (Horse gram), Madhu (Honey), Lavana (salt) and Trivrit- are Drugs for decoction enema. 3

Naavana Gana- group of Drugs for nasal medication

Vella, Apamarga (Achyranthes aspera), Vyosa (Trikatu – Pepper, long pepper and ginger), Darvi (Tree turmeric), Surala, Bija of Shirisha, Bhrihati and Shigru,  Madhukasara, Saindhava (Black salt), Tarksyasaila, the two Truti and Prithvika- Purify the head. 4

Vataghna Gana—group of Drugs which balance vata

Bhadradaru (Cedrus deodara), Nata, Kustha (Saussurea lappa), Dashamula, the two Bala (Bala and Atibala), the drugs of Virataradigana, and of Vidaryadi Gana balance vata. 5

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Pittaghna Gana – group which balance Pitta

Durva, Ananta, Nimba (neem), Vasa, Atmagupta (Kapikacchu), Gundra, Abhiru, Sitapaki, Priyangu, drugs of Nyagrodhadi, and Padmakadi Gana, the two Sthira, Padmaka, Vanya and drugs of Sarivadi Gana bring about decrease of pitta. 6

Kaphaghna Gana– group which balance Kapha

Drugs of Aragvadhadi, Arkadi, Muskakadi, Asanadi, Surasadi, Mustadi, and Vatskadi Ganas- brings about decrease of Balasa- Kapha .7

Jeevaniya Gana – group of restoratives

Jeevanti, the two Kakoli (Kakoli and Ksheerakakoli), the two Meda (Meda and Mahameda), Mudagaparni, Masaparni, Rishabhaka, Jeevaka, and Madhuka – is known as Jivaniya Gana- group of restoratives. 8

Vidaryadi Gana

Vidari, Panchangula, Vrischikali, Vrischiva, Devahvaya, the two Surpaparni, Kantakari, Drugs of Jivana Pancamula and Hrasva Pancamula, Gopasuta Tripadi- this Vidaryadi groups of Drugs are
Hrudya – good to the heart |
Bruhmana – stoutening,
Vatapittaha – Mitigate Vata and Pitta,
Useful in the treatment of
Shosha – emaciation
Gulma – abdominal tumor
Angamarda – body ache,
Urdhwashwasa – wheezing
Kasa – cough  9-10

Read more – Vidaryadi kashayam

Sarivadi Gana

Sariva (Hemidesmus indicus), Ushira, Kasmarya, Madhuka the two Sisira, Yashti and Parusaka- cure burning sensation, bleeding disease, thirst and fevers.11

Padmakadi Gana

Padmaka, Pundra, Vriddhi, Tuga, Riddhi, Shringi, Amrita and the ten drugs of Jeevaniya gana.

Benefits:
Stanyakara – cause production of breast milk,
Balance Vata and Pitta,
Are nourishing, enlivening, stoutening and aphrodisiac. 12

Parushakadi Gana

Parushaka, Vara (Triphala), Draksha (Raisins), Katphala; Katakaphala, Rajahva, Dadima (Pomegranate) and Shaka
Benefits –  cure thirst, urinary disorders and mitigate vata. 13.

Anjanadi Gana

Anjana (Collyrium), Phalini, Mamsi (Jatamansi), Padma (Lotus), Utpala, Rasanjana (Aqueous extract of Berberis aristata), Ela (Cardamom), Madhuka (Licorice), and Nagahva
Benefits – cure diseases due to poison, burning sensation inside the body, and balance pitta. 14

Patoladi Gana

Patola, Katurohini, Chandana (Sandalwood), Madhusrava, Guduci (Tinospora), and  Patha, balance Kapha and Pitta and cure skin diseases, fevers, poison, vomiting, anorexia and Jaundice. 15 Read more – Patoladi kashayam

Guduchyadi Guna

Guduchi (Indian tinospora), Padmaka, Arista, Dhanyaka and Raktachandana—Mitigate Pita and Kapha, cure fever, vomiting, burning sensation, thirst and improves digestion. 16
Read more – Guduchyadi Kashayam

Aragwadhadi Gana

Aragvadha, Indrayava, Patali, Kakatikta, Nimba (neem), Amrita, Madhurasa, Sruvavrka, Patha, Bhunimba, Sairyaka, Patola, the two Karanja (Karanja and Latakaranja), Saptachada, Agni (Chitraka), Susavi, Phala, Bana, and Ghonta- this Aragvadhadi group cures vomiting, skin diseases poison, fevers, mitigate kapha, itching, diabetes, and cleanses bad wounds. 17-18

Asanadi Gana

Asana, Tinisa, Bhurja, Swetavaha, Prakiya, Khadira, Kadara, Bhandi, Simsipa, Mesasrngi, the three Hima, tala Palasa, Jongaka Saka, Sala , Kramuka, Dhava, Kalinga, Chagakarna, and Asvakarna- this Asanadi group cures leucoderma, skin diseases, mitigates kapha ,cures diseases and other skin diseases, mitigates kapha, cures diseases of worms, Anaemia, diabetes and diseases of fat accumulation 19-20

Varunadi Gana

Varuna, the two Sairyaka, Satavari, Dahana, Morata, Bilva, Visanika, the two Brhati, the two Karanji, the two Jaya, Bahalapallava, Dardha and Rujakara- this Varunadi group subjugates kapha,  fat and dyspepsia, cures Adhyavata- rigidity of the thighs , headaches, tumors and abscess inside the abdomen. 21-22

Usakadi Gana

Usaka, Tutthaka, Hingu, the two Kasisa, Saindhava and Silajitu- cure Dysuria,  Urinary calculus, Abdominal tumors, Obesity and subjugates Kapha. 23

Virataradi Gana

Guntha, Gundra, Bhalluka, Morata, Kuranta, Karambha and Partha-this Virataradi group cures diseases produced by Vata, Urinary stones and Gravel, Dysuria, Suppression of Urine and pain. 24-25

Rodhradi Gana

Rodhra, Sabarakarodhra, Palasa, Katphala, Yukta, Kutsitamba, Kadali, Gatasoka, Elavalu, Paripelava, and Moca- this group known as Rodhradika, cures diseases of fat and Kapha, disorders of the Vagina, produces obstruction- to movements of dosas and Malas, good for color and destroys poison. 26-27

 Arkadi Gana

Arka , Alarka, Nagadanti, Visalya, Bharngi, Rasa, Vrscikali, Prakriya, Pratyapuspi, Pitataila, Udakirya, the two Sveta and Tapasa Vrksa- this Arkadi Gana, Mitigates Kapha, fat, poison, worms, other skin diseases and especially cleanses the Ulcers. 28-29

Surasadi Gana

The two Surasa, Phanijja, Kalamala, Vidanga, Kharabusa, Vrsakarni, Katphala, Kasamarda, Ksavaka, Sarasi, Bharngi, Karmuka, Kakamaci, Kulahala, Visamusti, Bhutrna, Bhutakesi this Surasadi Gana mitigates Kapha, fat, worms, common cold, Anorexia, Dyspoea, cough and cleanses the wounds. 30-31

Muskakadi Gana

Muskaka, Srug, Vara, Dvipi, Dhava and Simsipa this group cure abdominal tumors, Diabetes, Renal calculus, Anaemia, Obesity, Haemorrhoids, Disorders of Kapha and semen. 32

Vatsakadi Gana

Vatsaka, Murva, Dharngi, Katuka, Marica, Ghunapriya, Gandira, Ela, Patha, Ajaji, Katvanga phala, Ajamoda, Siddhartha, Vaca, Jiraka, Hingu, Vidanga, Pasugandja and Pancakola- drugs of this group cures disorders  of Vata, Kapha and Medas, Rhinitis, Abdominal Tumor, Fever, Colic, and Haemorrhoids . 33-34

Vaca, Jalada, Devahva, Nagara, Ativisa, and Abhya; the two Haridra, Yasti, Kalasi, Kuta Jodbhava- these Vaca Haridadi Gana Cure Acute Diarrhoea- or that caused by accumulation of Ama, diseases of fat, Kapha Adhyapavana- stiffness of the things and Disorders caused by breast milk. 35-36

Priyangu- Ambasthadi Gana

Priyangu Puspa, two Anjana, Padma, Padmaraja, Yojanavalli, Ananta, Manadruma, Mocarasa, Samanga, Pannaga, Sita and Madniya hetu; Ambasatha, Madhuka, Namaskari, Nandivrksa, Palasa, Kacchura, Rodhra, Dhataki, Bilvapesika, Katvanga and Kamalaraja- these  Priyangu and Ambasthadi groups cure chronic Diarrhoea, heal fractures, good for pitta and are even healers of ulcers. 37-39

 Mustadi Gana

Musta, Vaca, Agni, the two Nisa, the two Tikta, Bhallata, Patha, Triphala, Visakhya, Kustha, Truvrit and Haimavati- cures diseases of Vagina, Breastmilk, and cooks the Malas –Dosas. 40

 Nyagrodhadi Gana

Nyagrodha, Pippala, Sadaphala, the two Rodhra, the two Jambu, Arjuna, Kapitana, Somavalka, Plaksa, Amra, Vanjula, Piyata, Patasa, Nanon, kon, Kadamba, Virala, Madhuka and Madhuka- this Nyarodhadi group is good for wounds/ ulcers, cause constipation, unites fractures, cures fat accumulation, bleeding disease, thirst, burning sensation, and diseases of Vagina. 41-42

Eladi Gana

The two Ela (Big and small variety), Turuska, Kustha, Phalini, Mamsi, Jala, Dhyamaka, Sphrkka, Coraka, Coca, Patra, Tagara, Sthauneya, Jatirasa, Sukti, Vyaghranaka, Amarahva, Aguru ,Srivasaka, Kumkuma, Canda, Guggulu, Devadhupa, Khapura, Punnaga and  Nagahvaya- this Eladigana cures disorders of Vata, Kapha and poison, improves color/ complexion, cures itching, Pustules and skin  Rashes.43-44

Shyamadi Gana

Shyama, Danti, Dravanti, Kramuka, Kutarana, Sankhini, Carmasahva, Svarnaksiri, Gavaksi, Sikhari, Rajanaka, Chinnaroha, Karanja, Bastantri, Vyadhighati, Bahala, Bahurasa and Tiksnavrksaphala- this Shyamadi group cures abdominal Tumor, poison, Anorexia, diseases of kapha, heart ache- diseases and Dysuria. 45

Thus, were described thirty three groups- of drugs; such of the drugs not available may be substituted with others of identical properties and such drugs not appropriate- to the group may be rejected.46

The drugs of these groups made into medical formulations such as Kalka- wet bolus, Kwatha- decoction, Snejha- medicated fats, Leha- confections etc. to be used for drinking, nasal drops, oil enema, topical, topical application, anointing etc, either internally or externally , cure diseases which are obstinate. 47

Thus ends the chapter Sodhanadi Gana Sangraha, the fifteenth in Sutrasthana of Astangahradayam

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