Sarapunkha – Tephrosia purpurea – Qualities, Usage, Ayurveda Details

Sarapunkha is a famous Ayurvedic herb used in liver cirrhosis and splenomegaly. Its botanical name is Tephrosia purpurea. It belongs to Fabaceae family.

Vernacular names, Sanskrit synonyms

Hindi name – Saraponkh
English name – Wild indigo or Purple tephrosia
Telugu – Vempali Chettu
Marathi – Unhali
Kannada – Egyali
Malayalam – Katamiri
Tamil – Kolingi

Sanskrit Synonyms of Sharapunkha:
Pleehashatru – useful in splenomegaly
Neelavrukshakruti – Blue colour flowered herb
Shimbiphala, Mahaushadhi
Sharapunkha – Shara means arrow. Its leaf, when cut by hand, looks similar to hind part of arrow.


The herb is found in all parts of India.

Medicinal qualities, Effect on Doshas

Guna (qualities) – Laghu (light to digest), Rooksha (dryness), Teekshna (piercing)
Rasa (taste) – Tikta – Bitter, Kashaya – Astringent
Vipaka – taste conversion after digestion – Katu (pungent)
Veerya – Hot potency

Effect on Tridosha – balances Kapha and Vata.
Yakrut-hara – useful in liver diseases, hepatitis, cirrhosis
Pleehaghna – useful in splenomegaly
Gulma – useful in abdominal tumor / bloating
Vraapaha – brings about quick wound healing
Vishapaha – acts against poisoning
Kasaghna – relieves cough, cold
Asrajit – acts as blood detoxifier
Shwasahara – Useful in dyspnoea, Asthma, Bronchitis and Chronic respiratory disorders.
Jvarahara – useful in fever
Chakshushya – useful in eye diseases
Damshtrajit – useful in insect bites
Shastrasrajit – useful in weapon injuries.

Part used, Research

Part used: Root, Kshara (alkali powder preparation) of whole plant.

Its study on efficacy against H Pylori


Sharapunka Kshara – An alkali preparation used widely in liver disorders.
Grahanyantaka Ghrita – Used in acid peptic disorders
Aragwadhadi Ghrita – Used in skin diseases.

Combinations of Sharpunkha

Phalatrikadi kwath along with 5 grams of Sharapunkha (Tephrosia purpurea) is used for the treatment of constipation in elderly people associated with non healing wounds.

Interaction with medicines, supplements

Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.

Can this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.

With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.

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