Neem is extensively used in Ayurvedic medicines and remedies since thousands of years. Its root bark, stem bark, gum, flower, leaves, seeds and seed oil are used for various medicinal purposes. In English, it is called as Margosa tree or Neem tree.
Its botanical name is Azadirachta indica, Meliaceae family.
Rasa – Taste – Bitter (tikta) and astringent (kashaya)
Guna – qualities – Light to digest (Laghu), Dry (rooksha)
Vipaka – Undergoes taste conversion into pungency after digestion. – Katu Vipaka
Veerya – Potency – Cold in nature.
Neem uses, qualities
Generally all parts of neem have following health benefits.
Sheeta – Nimba imparts cooling qualities to the body.
Laghu – undergoes digestion and absorption pretty easily and quickly.
Grahi – helps in absorbing moisture from the intestine. Dries up and cleans up the moisture in wounds and ulcers.
Katu – has pungent taste. It also undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion.
Tikta – has bitter taste
Agnikrut – improves digestion process
Vatakrut – increases Vata
Ahrudya – not so good for heart.
Shramahara – relieves tiredness
Truthara – relieves excessive thirst. Since it decreases Pitta, it is useful in fever and associated thirst.
Kasahara – Helps to relieve cough. It is very useful in infective respiratory problems. It has anti-microbial properties.
Jwarahara – Useful in fever, due to its potent anti microbial phyto-chemicals.
Aruchihara – Helps to relieve anorexia. Bitter tasting herbs, though very difficult to consume, have this unique property of relieving anorexia.
Krumihara – Actual translation is – relieves worms. Nimba is useful in intestinal worms, infested wounds, and as an anti -microbial agent.
Vranahara – Helps to cleanse and heal wounds quickly.
Pitta – Kaphahara – Balances Pitta and Kapha. Note that, though neem has cold quality, it helps to balance Kapha (which also has cold quality). This is due to its other properties such as Katu vipaka (pungent taste conversion after digestion).
Chardi – hrillasa hara – Helps to relieve nausea and vomiting
Kushtahara – Useful in numerous skin diseases
Mehanut – Useful in diabetes and disorders related to urinary tract.
For diabetes, skin disorders
Neem in Diabetes and associated skin diseases / wound – As explained above, neem helps in diabetes, it helps to lower the blood glucose levels. Neem is also very useful in skin diseases and heals the wound. Hence, it is one of the herbal ingredient in many Ayurvedic medicines used in diabetes. Not only does it help reduce / maintain blood sugar levels, it also helps to heal wounds quickly and relieves skin diseases such as diabetic carbuncles. A good example for such an Ayurvedic medicine is Pancha Nimba Churna.
Neem powder for bath
Neem powder in bathing water or soap For people with repeated skin infections, with pus and redness, and people with repeated abscess problem, it is a good idea to add a spoon of neem powder to a bucket of hot water, and use this water for bathing.
Neem leaf benefits
Neem leaves do have similar qualities as discussed above, but it has some special benefits.
Netrya – It is good for eyes. Helps to relieve infection.
Kruminut – Helps relieve worms and microbes
Pittanut – Balances Pitta
Vishanut – Natural detoxifier.
Vatala – increases Vata.
Katupaka – Pungent taste conversion after digestion.
Arochaka and Kushtanut – relieves skin diseases and anorexia.
Neem fruit benefits
Neem fruit is Bhedana – helps to pass bowels easily
Snidgha – Unctuous, oily
Laghu – light to digest
Ushna – hot in potency
Gulmanut – Relieves bloating
Arshanut – relieves piles (hemorrhoids)
Kriminut – relieves worms and infection
Mehanut – Helps in diabetes.
Other health benefits
Other health benefits of Neem as mentioned in other Ayurvedic text books –
Raktapittanut – Helps to relieve bleeding disorders, because of its coolant nature.
Shothahara – Useful in inflammatory conditions and skin conditions with redness and pus.
Twig of neem is especially beneficial in respiratory problems such as bronchitis, cough and cold.
Neem flower is good for eyes
Oil extracted from neem fruit is pungent, has piercing quality, hot in potency, useful in skin diseases and headache. (Sushruta)
Different ways to use neem
External application – Lepa – Neem powder (mixed with other herbs or alone), can be made into paste with water or honey, to apply over the skin or wound in the form of paste.
Food – Neem can be used as part of food or as oral medication.
Bathing – Neem powder, added to hot water can be used to take bath
Herbal tea – Kashaya – Neem water decoction can be used to wash, during infection. Like washing the eyes, infected pile mass.
The same water decoction can also be used for sitz bath in peri anal abscess or infected anal fistula or hemorrhoids.
Neem side effects
Since it can lower blood glucose levels, as a general rule, if you’re fasting, it is better to avoid oral intake of neem.
People with diabetes should use neem only under medical supervision, with constant blood glucose level monitoring.
This is because, neem can reduce blood sugar.
If a diabetic person is already taking medications for the same, consuming neem along with it may cause very low blood sugar.
It is best to take the advice of your doctor before using neem during childhood, pregnancy or lactation.
If you are using neem oil for hair, (as in case of dandruff), while washing off the oil, it may cause burning sensation to the eyes. Take care.
Neem Oil Benefits
Unless for a specific health issue, neem oil should not be used orally, on a daily basis.
Neem oil is useful in intestinal worm infestations.
Excess oral use can decrease blood sugar level. hence, diabetes patients should consult their doctor before taking neem oil orally.
Excess oral intake can also cause vomiting and dizziness.
It balances Kapha and Pitta Dosha.
Externally, it is useful in infectious skin diseases.
For face: It is useful to improve glow, reduce acne and reduce oiliness of skin.
How to use: A few drops of neem oil is taken onto the finger tips and gently rubbed over the face. Leave it on for 10 minutes then wash off with gram flour or soap and water.
For hair, lice – Neem oil can be used on hair to relieve dandruff and to kill head lice.
How to use: 1 teaspoon of it is taken on to hand, applied over the scalp with gentle massage. It can be washed off after 30 – 60 minutes. For washing hair, herbal hair wash powders or shampoo can be used.
It yields a bitter odour, on external application.
Patanjali neem oil is very famous in India.
For teeth: Neem, twig, bark and oil – all are used as toothbrush, herbal tooth powder or paste. Neem oil, being a very potent anti microbial oil, is useful to fight dental caries and plaques.
Neem oil capsule uses
How neem oil capsule is useful in cold and cough?
Neem oil capsule in cold and cough is useful especially when there is infection and sinusitis. It helps to prevent or treat infection, being a potent anti bacterial and anti viral herb.
However, it is not usually used as a single medicine to treat cold and cough. Usually a combination of
Sitopaladi churna / Talisadi churna with neem oil capsule or
Any such other cold cough medicines along with neem oil capsule is advised.
It is very useful when cold / cough is associated with fever.
So, it is used as an adjuvant and supportive to other medicines in the treatment of cold and cough.
Neem oil for plants:
It is a very good pesticide and insecticide. It is used against mites, scale, leaf hoppers, white flies, thrips etc.
The oil is also useful against plant fungus such as Black spot, scab, rust, leaf spot, etc.
Neem flower tablet
Nimba kusuma (Neem flower) vataka
Two parts of sesame seeds and one part of fresh neem flowers are taken and a fine paste is made. By adding little salt, it is made into a round or flat bolus. This is fried in oil or ghee and served.
Qualities and actions
This pacifies kapha and pitta, useful in worm infestation, skin diseases, ulcers, wounds and ulcers etc. Classical reference – Bhojana kutoohala
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Synonyms in Sanskrit – Arishta, Pichumarda, Pichumanda, Sarvatibhadra, Hinguniryasa, Yavaneshta, Shukaprya, Neta, Subhadra, Prabhadra, Sutikta
Neem in Ayurveda Text books
Charaka Samhita –
Kandughna (group of herbs that are useful in relieving itching.)
Tiktaskandha (group of bitter tasting herbs)
Sushruta Samhita – Aragwadhadi, Guduchyadi and Lakshadi