Grapes And Raisins – Uses, Research, Remedies, Side Effects

Grape is the one of the must-have fruits for everyone. Ayurveda says “Drakshaa Phalottamaa” , which means – of all the fruits, grape is the best.  When we go to the fruit market, we can not get the sweet grapes always.  We may get more-sweet-little-sour variety or more-sour-little sweet variety etc. Each of those varieties have their own effect on Tridosha and our health as a whole. Let us explore the Ayurvedic health benefits of grapes varieties -dry and fresh,  unripe, semi ripe, fully ripened etc.

grapes Ayurveda

Botanical name – Vitis vinifera Linn
Family- Vitaceae

Vernacular names

Hindi name- Angoor, Dakh, Munakka, Angoor
English name- Grapes
Telugu name- Drākṣa ద్రాక్ష
Kannada name – Drakshi, Ona Drakshi, draksi hannu
Tamil name – Tirāṭcai  திராட்சை, kottai thiratchai.
Marathi name – Drākṣē द्राक्षे, dakshache-jhad, draaksha, kakanj.
Malayalam name – മുന്തിരി [muntiri] മുന്തിരിപ്പഴം [muntirippaḻaṁ], dhrakshai, gostani, mridvika.
Spanish name – Uvas
Gujarati name – Darakh
Urdu name – Aab-e-angur, angoor
Persian name –  ab-josh.
Arabian name – aenab,ainab,kishmish,mewez.
Hindi: angoor, angur,dak,sakh,drakh.

Sanskrit Synonyms of grapes

Mrudvika – soft in nature. Usually raisins are called by this name
Gostani – resembles cow udder
Swaduphala, Madhurasa, Madhuyoni – sweet in nature
Bruhmani – nourishing
Rasaala – juicy
Guda – sweet as jaggery
Vrushya – aphrodisiac
Krushna – black in nature
Priyala, Tapasapriya, Charuphala – fruit with good looks
Harahura, Kashmeerika, Karamardika

Vitis vinifera

Vitis vinifera chemical composition

Fruits-(+) Catechin, Epicatechin, B- Sitosterol, Ergosterol, Jasmonic acid
Resveratrol – a type of phenol, found in grapes, has some evidence against heart diseases, cancer.

General medicinal qualities of grapes

Guna (qualities) – Snigdha – unctuous, oily, Guru (heaviness),
Rasa (taste) – Madhura – sweet
Vipaka- Madhura – sweet taste conversion after digestion
Veerya – Sheeta – Coolant
Effect on Tridosha – Balances Vata and Pitta 

Classical categorization

Charaka-
Kanthya – Voice improving and throat soothing group of herbs, |
Virechanopaga – Purgation aiding group of herbs
Kasahara – Cough relieving group of herbs
Shramahara – Tiredness relieving group of herbs
Kaiyadeva Nighantu –
Oshadhi Varga – Group of medicinal herbs and substances
Madyavarga – group of herbs from which wine can be prepared
Triphala Bheda – another set of herbs called Triphala –
द्राक्षापरुषकार्श्मयफलैः क्वापि फलोत्तमा ||३||
Grapes, Parushaka and Gambhari fruit (Gmelina arborea)

Dhanvantari Nighantu has named
Swadu Triphala – Grapes, dates and Kashmari fruit (Gmelina abrorea)
Second type of Swadu Triphala – Grapes, dates and pomegranate
This book also classifies Grapes as Santarpana foods – nutrition rich foods

Susruta and Vagbhata – Parushakadi gana
Bhavaprakasha – Amradi Phala varga (group of fruits such a mango). This book has classified it as – Svabhavataha hitkara dravya – one of the naturally healthy substances that is good for all.  

Grapes benefits

Unripe grapes:
Unripe grapes are hot and pungent in nature, can cause Pitta imbalance, leading to skin and blood vitiation.

Semi ripened grapes:
Semi ripened grapes are more sour than sweet. It improves appetite, improves taste.

More sweet less sour ripened grapes:
Ripened grapes relieve thirst, useful in bleeding disorders, calms Pitta, it is soothing.

Dry Grapes or Raisin benefits

Helps in easy bowel movement
Natural coolant
Very good for eyes
In most of the Ayurveda preparations, where grapes are mentioned as ingredient, dry grapes are used.
Dry grapes / raisin is useful in the treatment of excessive thirst, fever, respiratory problems, vomiting, gout, liver disorders, excessive burning sensation, dryness, emaciation.
Raisin calms the mind. Hence, it is a good idea to have some grapes when you feel tired, burnt out or confused.
Raisins are also used in the treatment of intestinal disorders.
Raisin is especially used in treating hang over due to excessive alcohol intake and to reduce the effect of alcohol on the body.
Hence it is advisable for regular alcoholics to have dry grapes often.
10-12 raisins are soaked in water. After 2-3 hours, on maceration it is taken to relieve burning chest.

For students, to avoid tiredness, it is advised to soak 5 raisins over night. next day morning, throw away the water and eat the soaked raisin. (Source: Divine Park)

तृष्णादाह ज्वरश्वास रक्तपित्त क्षतक्षयान्|
वातपित्तमुदावर्तं स्वरभेदं मदात्ययम्||१२५||
तिक्तास्यतामास्यशोषं कासं चाशु व्यपोहति|
मृद्वीका बृंहणी वृष्या मधुरा स्निग्धशीतला||१२६||
tṛṣṇādāha jvaraśvāsa raktapitta kṣatakṣayān|
vātapittamudāvartaṃ svarabhedaṃ madātyayam||125||
tiktāsyatāmāsyaśoṣaṃ kāsaṃ cāśu vyapohati|
mṛdvīkā bṛṃhaṇī vṛṣyā madhurā snigdhaśītalā||126|| – Charaka Samhita Sutrasthana 27

Raisin provides immediate cure for
Trishna – excessive thirst,
Daha – Burning sensation
Jwara – fever
Shwasa – asthma, respiratory disorders involving difficulty in breathing
Raktapitta – bleeding disorders like nasal bleeding and menorrhagia
Kshata – chest injury
Kshaya – tuberculosis, chronic respiratory diseases wasting of muscles
Vata Pitta disorders
Udavarta – bloating
Swarabheda – hoarse voice
Madatyaya – alcoholism
Tiktasyata – bitter taste in tongue
Asya Shosha – mouth dryness
Kasa – cold, cough
Raisins are
Bruhmani – improves nourishment
Vrushya – aphrodisiac
Madhura – sweet
Snigdha – unctuous, oily
Sheetala – coolant
Mootradosha – urinary tract infections

For gastritis, acidity, oral thrush, mouth blisters – Soak five almonds and raisins in water at night. Next morning, eat the raisin and almonds on empty stomach. Make sure that the raisins are sweet in taste. 

Grapes qualities and uses

Grapes benefits

Grapes qualities based on stages and type:
Based on taste, grapes can be classified as sweet and sweet-sour.
The sweet variety balances Vata and Pitta Dosha.
Sour grapes increase Kapha and Pitta dosha.
Unripe grapes have similar qualities as sour ones. It is Guru – heavy to digest, and may worsen bleeding disorders.

Sour grapes qualities

Ushna – Hot
Sara – induces mobility, causes diarrhea, purgation, relieves constipation
Guru (heaviness)
Vataghna – useful in treating disorders of Vata Dosha imbalance  such as neuralgia, paralysis, constipation, bloating, etc
Kaphapittada – Increases Kapha and Pitta

Ripe grapes qualities

Snigdha – unctuous, oily
Sara – induces mobility, causes diarrhea, purgation, relieves constipation
Swarya – improves voice tone and quality
Madhura Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion)
Hima – coolant
Hrudya – acts as cardiac tonic, congenial for heart
Vrushya – aphrodisiac, improves vigor
Chakshushya – improves vision, good for eyes, useful in eye disorders
Srushta mutra vit – increases volume of urine and feces

Tuvara – astringent variety qualities

Koshtamaruta krut – it may increase Vata in the gut
Vrushya – aphrodisiac
Pushtida – nutrition rich

Sweet grapes indications

Sweet Grapes are generally indicated in –
Raktapitta –Bleeding disorders such as nasal bleeding, heavy periods, etc
Tiktasya – tongue with bitter taste
Kshata – injury, bleeding
Kshaya – depletion of body tissues, weight loss, tuberculosis
Jwara – fever
Shwasa – asthma and chronic respiratory disorders
Trushna – excessive thirst
Daha –  burning sensation, as in gastritis, neuropathy, burning sensation in eyes etc
Madatyaya – alcoholism
Kamala – Jaundice, Liver diseases
Moha – delusion, dizziness

Gostani variety of drakshaelongated, bigger variety resembling cow udder possess similar qualities. It has better aphrodisiac qualities.
Guru – heavy to digest
Kaphapittahrut – Balances Kapha and Pitta dosha
Of all the fruits used to prepare wine, grapes are the best.

grapes uses

Abeeja – seedless grapes:
Seedless variety – has lesser qualities than those of Gostani variety

As per Ashtanga Hrudayam Sutrasthana 6/115-116
Draksa (grapes) is best among fruits, is aphrodisiac, good for the eyes, helps in the elimination of urine and feces, sweet in taste at the end of digestion, unctuous, slightly astringent, cold potency, hard to digest, cures diseases of vata, pitta and rakta; improves taste in the mouth, relieves intoxication, thirst, cough, fever, respiratory conditions, hoarseness, injury to the lungs and chronic respiratory diseases. 115-116 ½

According to Bhojana Kuthalam, Draksha is sweet and sour in taste, has cold potency and helps in treating burning sensation, difficulty in micturition, improves taste perception, is aphrodisiac in nature and nourishes the body.
Gostani Draksha: Is sweet in taste, cold in potency, cardio tonic and treats intoxication. It cures burning sensation, fatigue, fever,dyspnoea, thirst and excessive salivation.
Dweepadraksha: Is sweet and sour in taste, cold in potency, imparts taste, treats dyspnoea, cough, excessive salivation and is liked by people.

Incompatibility

Grapes with milk is best avoided. Because Ayurveda advises to avoid sour fruits processing with milk.

Substitute:
If grapes or raisins are not available, the fruits of Gambhari – (Kashmari phala – Gmelina arborea) are traditionally used as a substitute. – Bhava Prakasha.

Home remedy:
Raisin, Amla, Ginger, honey remedy for cough and asthma

Dry grapes home remedy for gastritis

Interaction with medicines, supplements

Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.

Can this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.

With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.

Ayurvedic medicines

Ayurvedic medicines with raisin as ingredient:
Draksharishta
useful in cold, cough, asthma, colon cleansing.
Drakshasava – useful in intestinal worms, injuries, wounds
Drakshadi Kashayam –
useful in hangover treatment, tiredness, dizziness etc.
Manasamitra vatakam – used in treating depression, loss of memory, psychiatric conditions.
Drakshadi Vati – tablet, used in anorexia,heart burn, dizziness, indigestion

Research

Grapes to improve health of artery (blood pipes) – French National Institute of Agricultural Research (INRA) and the French National Institute Of Health and Medical Research (NSERM) conducted a clinical research study with double blind, randomized controlled crossover trial with 48 women. They concluded that consuming grapefruit juice, rich in flavanone may improve arterial function, compared to a flavanone-free drink. It is especially useful in arterial stiffness.  – Source

Evaluation of anti candida activity

raisins

Grapes are good for the eyes; useful in bleeding diasthesis; relieves thirst and parched feeling of the throat; benefits a debilitated and cachexic person; provides comfort in patients suffering from vomiting, dyspnoea, fever, bitter taste in mouth and those intoxicated by alcohol.
When the grapes gets digested completely it causes rasa, rakta etc., tissue generation through its nourishing actions. It is beneficial to be used in kaphaja type of fever and in urticaria rashes [shiitApittA]. It acts as a laxative and diuretic at times.
The wine [madanakara kolA] prepared from dried grapes provide relief from distension of abdomen, burning sensation and tiredness by providing energy through its nutritional value [tarpanakara].
Action on Doshās: Pacifies the vata [samiirashamanii] and pittaM.

Grapes or Raisin – which is better?
द्राक्षाबिल्वशिवादीनां फलं शुष्कं गुणाधिकम् ||५१|| – Bhavaprakasha.
drākṣābilvaśivādīnāṃ phalaṃ śuṣkaṃ guṇādhikam ||51||
In case of grapes, bael fruit and Haritaki (Harad fruit), – the dried fruits are better than the fresh.

Grape seed oil for dry mouth

Grape-seed oil for xerostomia – dry mouth: 

  • It is a good and effective remedy to eliminate symptoms of dry mouth. It has a moisturizing property which coats your mouth and keeps it moist for a longer period of time. It is high in Vitamin E and thus can heal mouth sores.
  • Rub some oil on your tongue and inside your cheeks with your fingers. Leave it overnight.
  • Next morning, rinse your mouth with warm water and then brush your teeth
  • Repeat daily before going to bed

Market available varieties of grapes

Grapes, muscadine, raw

Taste – sweet
Properties – unctuous, heavy
Potency – cold
After digestion taste transformation (Vipaka) – sweet
Effect on Doshas
Vata balancing
Pitta balancing
Kapha increasing

Grape juice, canned or bottled, unsweetened, with added ascorbic acid

Taste – sweet
Properties – unctuous, heavy
Potency – cold
After digestion taste transformation (Vipaka) – sweet
Effect on Doshas
Vata balancing
Pitta balancing
Kapha increasing (since it is juice extract, it is slightly more Kapha increasing than raw fruit; addition of vitamins make it more nourishing, so Kapha increasing)

Grapes, american type (slip skin), raw

Taste – sweet
Properties – unctuous, heavy
Potency – cold
After digestion taste transformation (Vipaka) – sweet
Effect on Doshas
Vata balancing
Pitta balancing
Kapha increasing

Grapes, red or green, raw

(European type, such as Thompson seedless)

Taste – sweet
Properties – unctuous, heavy
Potency – cold
After digestion taste transformation (Vipaka) – sweet
Effect on Doshas
Vata balancing
Pitta balancing
Kapha increasing

Grapes, canned, thompson seedless, water pack, solids and liquids

Taste – sweet
Properties – unctuous, heavy
Potency – cold (more cold than raw grapes as it is water pack)
After digestion taste transformation (Vipaka) – sweet
Effect on Doshas
Vata balancing
Pitta balancing
Kapha increasing (slightly more kapha increasing than raw grapes, thompson seedless)
Calories per 100 g (40) is less than that of raw grapes (69) as storing in water pack may cause the grapes to swell and cause dilution in concentration)

Grapes, canned, thompson seedless, heavy syrup pack, solids and liquids

Taste – sweet
Properties – unctuous, heavy
Potency – cold
After digestion taste transformation (Vipaka) – sweet
Effect on Doshas
Vata balancing
Pitta balancing
Kapha increasing (heavy syrup pack is more concentrated, hence more kapha increasing than raw grapes)

Grape juice, canned or bottled, unsweetened, without added ascorbic acid

Taste – sweet
Properties – unctuous, heavy
Potency – cold
After digestion taste transformation (Vipaka) – sweet
Effect on Doshas
Vata balancing
Pitta balancing
Kapha increasing

Grape juice, canned or bottled, unsweetened, with added ascorbic acid and calcium

Taste – sweet, slightly sour
Properties – heavy for digestion
Potency – not very hot
After digestion taste transformation (Vipaka)  – sweet
Effect on Doshas
Vata balancing
Pitta balancing
Kapha increasing

Grape leaves, raw

Taste – sour
Properties – heavy (high calorific value), dry
Potency – cold
After digestion taste transformation ( Vipaka ) – sour
Effect on Doshas
Vata neutral
Pitta balancing (used in treatment of heavy menstrual bleeding, uterine bleeding)
Kapha balancing (reduces oedema in chronic venous insufficiency)

Grape leaves, canned

Taste – sour
Properties – not very heavy (as boiling before canning makes it light), dry
Potency – cold
After digestion taste transformation ( Vipaka ) – sour
Effect on Doshas
Vata nourishing (due to reduced heaviness)
Pitta balancing
Kapha balancing

Market available variants of Raisins

Raisins, golden, seedless

Golden raisins are slightly higher in calories per cup than black and also have a little more sodium and an extra gram of fibre. The differences in calories and sodium are so small as to be negligible, however.
Taste – sweet
Properties – unctuous
Potency – cold
After digestion taste transformation (Vipaka) – sweet
Effect on Doshas
Vata balancing (useful in kshaya, kshata)
Pitta balancing (used in burning sensation, fever, bleeding disorders)
Kapha nourishing (nourishing, is aphrodisiac)

Raisins, dark, seedless (Includes foods for USDA’s Food Distribution Program)
Seedless variety of grapes have lesser qualities than seeded grapes

Taste – sweet
Properties – unctuous
Potency – cold
After digestion taste transformation (Vipaka) – sweet
Effect on Doshas
Vata balancing (useful in kshaya, kshata)
Pitta balancing (used in burning sensation, fever, bleeding disorders)
Kapha nourishing (nourishing, is aphrodisiac)

Raisins, seeded

Taste – sweet
Properties – unctuous
Potency – cold
After digestion taste transformation (Vipaka) – sweet
Effect on Doshas
Vata balancing (useful in kshaya, kshata)
Pitta balancing (used in burning sensation, fever, bleeding disorders)
Kapha nourishing (nourishing, is aphrodisiac)

36 thoughts on “Grapes And Raisins – Uses, Research, Remedies, Side Effects”

  1. Should we avoid dried grapes (raisins) with milk too? Isn’t it common to add raisins in payasam (or kheer) which is usually milk-based?

    Reply
  2. Grapes improve metabolism and have diuretic, anti inflammation, light laxative and inducing perspiration effect.The fruit provides instant energy. The fruit is good to consume in conditions like gout, rheumatism, constipation and disorders of skin and liver.

    Reply
  3. Nice information. Thanks. Can you please provide information on the difference between kishmish (without seed) and Munakka (with seed). I think both are prepared from the grapes. The benefits both offer etc and way to consume them.

    Reply
  4. An enlightening article ! A simple and less expensive home remedy easily available. It is also said taking 10 gm of raisins everyday will strengthen bones.

    Reply
  5. Do you think grape seed extract is a rasayana (like potentiated/bhavna amla powder/rasayana)? Could you mention the properties of Grape seeds?

    Reply
    • 10 raisins are soaked in water at night. Next day morning, it is consumed on empty stomach. It increases Body mass and balances down Vata.

      Reply
  6. Dear Dr Hebbar,

    What is the difference between green and black raisins? Which one is less kapha provoking.

    Thanks

    Reply
  7. Hello dr..i just want to know whether grapeseed powder also balances vata and pitta or have some other effect on ayurvedic humours?

    Reply
  8. sir if i discard overnight soaked raisins water ,then is their any possibility to gain all the nutritional value from raisins,,i am confused because i have heard that overnight soaked raisin water contains leached nutrients from raisin

    Reply
  9. Are raisins good for curing gout? Some sites say it should be avoided due to high fructose level which can flare up gout. I’m confused.

    Reply
  10. Is it safe to eat sundried munakka (large golden raisins with seed) in summers.As many people tell that they are hot in nature.Please guide.

    Reply
  11. Sir,

    I soak some raisins, dates, dried figs, walnuts and cashews at night in some water. I soak all of them together in one bowl of water. In the morning I mix the above along with the soaking water and grind it with milk. Is it safe to use the soaking water of above dried fruits and nuts.

    Thanks

    Reply
  12. Can you please provide the reference sanskrit quotes for Swadu triphala & Swadi triphala? I searched the web, but can’t find another website saying SWADI TRIPHALA!

    Reply

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