Vata Samanya And Nanatmaja Vyadhis (General And Unique Vata Disorders)

By Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ay) & Dr Manasa, B.A.M.S

Vata Samanya Vyadhi

General diseases with vata predominance

These are sub types of general diseases like fever, diarrhoea, cough, urinary disorders etc caused by predominantly vitiated vata. These diseases are also caused by pitta and kapha. Some diseases also have sub-types caused by dual and triple vitiation of doshas. Some sub-types are named on basis of their unique presentation in spite of being caused by same doshas which cause main disease. Read – Classification of Vyadhi (diseases) according to Ayurveda

Example, atisara i.e. diarrhoea is of six types i.e.

  • Vataja atisara – caused by predominant vitiation of vata
  • Pittaja atisara – caused by predominant vitiation of pitta
  • Kaphaja atisara – caused by predominant vitiation of kapha
  • Sannipataja atisara – caused by simultaneous vitiation of all three doshas
  • Shokaja atisara – caused by excessive grief and sorrow
  • Ama atisara – caused by excessive accumulation of ama i.e. improperly processed digestive juices in stomach

Here diarrhoea is a general disease caused by involvement of more than one dosha and has many sub-types of presentation. When diarrhoea is caused by predominance of vata dosha, it is called as samanya disease of vata type. Thus we can also find vata types in many general diseases. Read – 37 Ayurveda Home Remedies For Diarrhea And Dysentery

All diseases are caused by aggravation of Doshas. Each disease is classified on basis of predominant dosha(s) causing disease. When Vata is predominantly involved in formation of disease, they will be named as Vataja. It will generally be sub-type of a disease.

Like in above said example, vataja atisara, diarrhoea is caused predominantly by Vata. Symptoms too will be predominantly of vata. But diarrhoea is not caused only by Vata, since this disease has other sub-types too.

Shokaja atisara indicates grief as causative factor of diarrhoea. Even in this case, doshas are involved. Similarly ama atisara is a type of diarrhoea wherein doshas are involved with ama.

These two are given distinctive names because of involvement of grief and ama in causation of these two types of diarrhoea. Read – Effect of Stress, Anxiety on Stomach And Intestines: Remedies

Other examples of Samanya Vikaras caused by vata predominance:

  • Vataja Jwara – Fever caused by vitiated Vata
  • Vataja Atisara – Diarrhoea caused by vitiated Vata
  • Vataja Kasa – Cough caused by vitiated Vata
  • Vataja Arshas – Piles caused by vitiated Vata etc

In this type we need to remember that Jwara, Atisara, Kasa, Arshas etc diseases are also caused by vitiation of other doshas i.e. pitta and kapha and also dual and triple vitiation of doshas. When that disease is caused by predominant vitiation of Vata, it gets tagged with term ‘Vataja’. This differentiates Samanya Vata Vyadhis from Nanatmaja Vata Vyadhis.

Nanatmaj Vat Vikar

Nanatmaja Vata Vikara – Diseases caused by vitiation of ‘only vata’

Nanatmaja Vata Vikaras are those which are caused by vitiation of only Vata. Other doshas, i.e. Pitta or Kapha will not be involved in causation of these diseases like in Samanyaja Vata Diseases. They are 80 in number. They are as below mentioned.

  • Nakha bheda – breaking of nails
  • Vipadika – cracks and fissures in hands and legs
  • Paada shula – pain in foot
  • Paada bhramsha – instability of foot
  • Paada shunyata – numbness of foot
  • Vata khuddata – Pain in small joints
  • Gulpha graham – catching pain in ankle joints
  • Pindikodweshtana – cramps in calf muscles
  • Gridhrasi – sciatica
  • Janu bheda – splitting pain in knee joints
  • Janu vishlesha – feeling of looseness in knee joints
  • Urustambha – stiffness in thigh
  • Urusaada – thigh fatigue
  • Paangulya – lameness
  • Guda bhramsha – prolapsed rectum
  • Guda arti – pain in anal region
  • Vrushana utkshepa – upward displacement of scrotum
  • Shepha stambha – stiffness of penis
  • Vankshana aanaha – swelling in groins / hernia
  • Shroni bheda – pelvic pain
  • Vid bheda – loose stools
  • Udavarta – flatulence
  • Khanjata – limping
  • Kubjata – hunchback
  • Vaamanatva – dwarfism
  • Trika graham – stiffness in sacral region / lower back
  • Paarshva avamarda – pain in sides of chest and tummy
  • Udara veshta – cramps in tummy
  • Hrut moha – feeling as if heart beat has stopped
  • Hrit drava – palpitations
  • Vaksha udgharsha – pain in chest
  • Vaksha uparodha – feeling as if heart and lung functions have ceased
  • Vaksha toda – pricking pain in chest
  • Bahu shosha – wasting of shoulder muscles / dryness of shoulder
  • Greeva stambha – stiffness of neck
  • Manya stambha – stiffness in nape of neck
  • Kanta udhwamsa – feeling of discomfort in throat
  • Hanu bheda – splitting pain in lower jaw
  • Oshta bheda – splitting of lips
  • Akshi bheda – splitting pain in eyes
  • Danta bheda – splitting pain in tooth, cracks over tooth
  • Danta shaitilya – looseness of tooth
  • Mookatva – dumbness
  • Vak sanga – obstruction of voice
  • Kashaya asyata – feeling of astringent taste in mouth
  • Mukha shosha – dryness of mouth
  • Arasagnata – not able to perceive / appreciate tastes
  • Ghrana nasha – loss of smelling sensation, anosmia
  • Karna shula – pain in ears
  • Ashabda shravana – partial deafness
  • Uchchihi shrutihi – able to perceive only loud sounds
  • Baadhirya – deafness
  • Vartma stambha – stiffness of eye lids
  • Vartma sankocha – narrowing of eye lids
  • Timira – feeling of darkness in front of eyes, blindness
  • Netra shula – eye pain
  • Akshi vyudaasa – squint eyes
  • Bhroo vyudaasa – crookedness of eye brows
  • Shankha bheda – splitting pain in temples
  • Lalaata bheda – splitting pain in forehead
  • Shiraha shula – head ache
  • Kasha bhoomi sphutana – cracks / fissures around hair follicles of head
  • Ardita – facial paralysis
  • Ekanga roga – disease in a part of body
  • Sarvanga roga – disease in entire body
  • Aakshepa – convulsion
  • Dandaka – stiffness of body
  • Tama – feeling as if in darkness
  • Bhrama – giddiness
  • Vepathu / kampana – tremors
  • Jrimbha – yawning
  • Hikka – hiccough
  • Vishaada – depression
  • Ati pralaapa – delirium
  • Roukshya – dryness of body
  • Paarushya – roughness of body
  • Shyaavaabhaasata – brownish black appearance of body colour
  • Arunaavabhaasataa – golden yellow appearance of body colour
  • Aswapna – sleeplessness
  • Anavasthita chittatva – instability of mind

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