Use Of Gems In Ayurveda

Gems are used extensively in Ayurvedic medicines. Gems are called Ratna. The term Ratna is coined due to their unique, radiant and appealing outlook when compared to other natural minerals. There are nine Ratnas and eight uparatnas (sub-gems) mentioned in Ayurvedic treatise. 

9 Ratnas and Grahas

The nine Ratnas mentioned in our classics are associated with the nine Grahas. They are as follows –

Maanikya – Ruby – affects on Soorya / Sun.
Mukta – Pearl – affects on Chandra/ Moon.
Pravala – Coral – Mangala/ Mars
Tarkshya – Emerald – Budha/ Mercury
Pushparaga – Topaz – Guru/ Jupiter
Vajra – Diamond – Shukra/ Venus
Neela / Indraneela – Sapphire – Shani/ Saturn
Gomeda – Zircon – Rahu/ Ascending lunar node
Vaidoorya – Cat’s eye – Ketu/ Descending lunar node

In Astrology, it is believed that a person’s health and well-being is determined by the Grahas. Every cell in the human body is ultimately made up of electrons and nucleus. Just like the electrons orbit round the nucleus, so do the planets revolve around the Sun. Considering ‘Loka Purusha Samya’ concept here, it can be inferred that planets can have a major effect on Homo sapiens at quantum level.

These gems can draw energy from their particular Graha and channelize them into the wearer’s body. Thus they correct the deficit aura and help to subside the disease.

If this method of Dharana (Wearing) of Ratnas can be such a boon to cure diseases, it has another facet of mitigating and rejuvenating the body through internal administration as well. This has been mentioned in Rasa shastra texts. They can be converted into three forms for consumption –
Bhasma – calx,
Pishti – paste and
Dhruti – liquid / melted form.

Significance of Pishti

Ratnas are well known to be of Sheeta guna and are heat sensitive. In order to preserve their Sheetatva , Anagni puta is given by triturating them in liquid media and exposing  to Sun till the required Lakshanas are obtained.  By this method, not only is its potency preserved but one can convert them into nanoparticle size which is desired for better absorption and assimilation.  

Nava ratnas

Manikya

  1. MANIKYA – RUBY

Chemical composition – Al2 O3
Indications of Manikya pishti– Aphrodisiac, Malabsorption syndrome, impairment of memory, insomnia, disorders caused by Vata vikara, diseases caused by microbes especially tuberculosis.

Dose – 31.25 mg – 62.5 mg
Adjuvants – Cream or Eladi mantha or as per the disease.
Formulations – Jawaharmohra vati, Navaratna raja mruganka rasa, Brahmi vati, Mani parpati, Ratnabhagottara rasa.

Reasearch work
Manikya bhasma on experimental model is proved to possess neuroprotective action.

Mukta

  1. MUKTA – PEARL

Chemical composition – CaCO3
Indications of Mukta pishti– Eye disorders, Malabsorption syndrome, Heart disease, cough, vertigo, bleeding disorders, all types of headaches, diabetes, hyperacidity, burning micturition, dysuria, insomnia, intolerance to sound, irritability, anxiety, anger and can be used in summer as a coolant.

Target organs – Rasa, rakta, mamsa, asthi, twak, hridaya, kloma, yakrit, pleeha, endocrine glands.

Dose – 31.25 mg – 125 mg

Adjuvants – Milk, Gulkand, sandal syrup, rose syrup, sitopaladi churna or as per the disease.

How to use

  • Drug abuse and intoxication – mukta pishti and swarna makshika bhasma along with kushmanda paka or brahmi avaleha or brahmi ghrita
  • Mukta pishti and pravala pishti along with kushmanda paka or brahmi avaleha or brahmi ghrita.
  • Menorrhagia – Mukta pishti along with milk or gulkand

Formulations – Kastooribhairava ras, Trailokyachintamani rasa, Makaradwaja vati, Mahamriganka rasa, Muktapanchamrita rasa, Vasantamalati rasa, Vasanta tilaka rasa, Hiranyagarbha pottali.

Pravala

  1. PRAVALA – CORAL

Chemical composition – CaCO3
Indications of Pravala pishti– Bleeding disorders, malabsorption syndrome, dry cough associated Pittaja lakshanas, insanity, toxicity, eye disorders, hyperacidity, disorders occurring during Dantodbhava (eruption of teeth). They are also known to improve complexion and sperm count.

Dose – 62.5 mg – 250 mg
Adjuvants – Sitopaladi churna and honey, Guduchi satva and honey, Gulkand, cream and sugar candy, butter and sugar candy or as per the disease.

How to use

  • Fever associated with Pitta or intermittent fever – Pravala pishti and Guduchi satva
  • Bleeding disorders – Pravala pishti, swarna makshika bhasma and Haridra
  • Cough, tonsillitis and other respiratory disorders – Pravala pishti along with pomegranate juice or sugar candy.
  • Chronic cough – Pravala pishti, shrunga bhasma, vamshalochana, ela and guduchi satva
  • Rickets – Pravala pishti along with Guduchi satva
  • Nocturnal emission/ premature ejaculation – Pravala pishti along with Vanga bhasma
  • Bleeding piles – Pravala pishti, Guduchi satva, Nagakesara along with butter and sugar candy or goats milk.
  • Peptic ulcer – Pravala pishti and Guduchi satva along with Amla juice to be taken one hour before food twice a day.

Formulations – Kastooribhairava rasa, Kanchanabhra rasa, Pravala panchamruta, Mahamriganka rasa, Muktapanchamrita rasa, Vasanta tilaka rasa, Ratna garbha pottali, Sarvanga sundara rasa.

Research works
Pravala bhasma was found to be effective in the prevention of Calcium and oestrogen deficit bone loss on experimental model.

Marakata

  1. MARAKATA – EMERALD

Chemical composition – 3BeO, Al203,, 6SiO2
Indications of Marakata pishti – Ojovardhaka (immunity booster), fever, vomit, thirst, hyperacidity, dyspnoea, cough, anemia, constipation, hemarrhoids, inflammations, diabetes. It also improves memory and longevity. It is considered to be the best medicine for snake bite.

Dose – 62.5 mg -125 mg
Adjuvants – Honey and long pepper or as per the disease.
Formulations – Mani parpati, Ratnabhagottara rasa, jawaharmohra vati, Navaratnaraja mriganka rasa.

Pushparaga

  1. PUSHPARAGA – TOPAZ
    Chemical composition – Al (F2OH)2 SiO4

Indications
Pushparaga bhasma – it is considered ugra when prepared with Haratala and Manahshila. Thus kills microbes and becomes Balya.

Pushparaga pishti – it is considered to be soumya. Indicated in vomit, burning sensation, hemarrhoids, skin disorders, loss of appetite. It is extremely useful in malabsorption syndrome. It removes all bio toxins from all the tissues.

Dose –  31.25 mg – 125 mg

Adjuvants – Honey or as per the disease.

Formulations – Navaratna raja mriganka rasa, Mani parpati, Ratnabhagottara rasa.

Heeraka

  1. HEERAKA – DIAMOND

Chemical composition – C

Properties – Madhura, amla, lavana, katu, tikta, kashaya. Has yogavahi guna and is equivalent to Parada bhasma.

Indications of Heeraka bhasma – Benign and malignant tumours, Diabetes, disorders caused by Medas, tuberculosis in advanced stages, anemia, inflammation, male infertility, Angina pectoris, angina pectoris vasomotiria, thrombus, aneurysm etc. They also increases longevity, acts as aphrodisiac, pacifies Tridosha, ards off death, brings about clear and radiant eyes, improves strength, complexion and intelligence.

Dose – 1.25mg – 6.25 mg

As per Rasa tarangini , 125 mg of Heeraka bhasma should be triturated well in mortar and pestle along with 4 g of Rasa sindoora. 125 mg  -250 mg of this combination must be administered.

Adjuvants – Sugar and milk or with other medicines.
How to use

  • Malignancy – Heeraka bhasma – 125mg, swarna bhasma – 2 g, mukta pishti – 2g, abhraka bhasma – 2g should be mixed well and preserved. Make 48 packets. Administer 1 packet each day along with sugar candy.

Formulations – Kandarpasundara rasa, Kamadeva rasa, Trailokya chintamani rasa, Navartana raja mriganka rasa, Panchamita rasa, Mahamriganka rasa, Mani parpati, Ratna garbha pottali, Vasanta kusumakara rasa.

Neelam

  1. NEELAM – SAPPHIRE

Chemical composition – Al2O3
Indications of Neela pishti – Dyspnoes, cough, aphrodisiac, intermittent fever, insanity,. Improves strength, pacifies Tridosha and nourishes all the Dhatus.

Dose – 62.5 mg – 125 mg
Adjuvants – Honey and long pepper, butter and sugar candy or as per the disease.
Formulations – Raja mriganka rasa, Mani parpati rasa, Ratna bhagottara rasa.

Gomeda

  1. GOMEDA – ZIRCON

Chemical composition – Zr Si O4
Indications of Gomeda pishti – Anaemia, malabsorption syndrome, loss of appetitie, anorexia, epilepsy, insanity, paralysis, bell’s palsy, insomnia. It also nourishes skin and heart, improves complexion, intelligence, strength, quality of sperm and increases longevity.

Dose – 31.25 mg -125 mg
Adjuvants – Eladi mantha ,  honey or as per the disease.
Formulations – Navaratna raja mruganka rasa, Ratnabhagottara rasa.

Vaidoorya

  1. VAIDOORYA – CAT’S EYE

Chemical composition – BeO Al2 O2
Indications of vaidoorya pishti– Bleeding disorders, loss of appetite, malabsorption syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome, eye disorders. In healthy persons, it increases longevity.

Dose – 62.5 mg – 125 mg
Adjuvants – Ghee or sugar candy

Formulations – Choornanjana, Pindanjana, Indrokta rasayana, Navaratna raja mriganka rasa, Ratna bhagottara rasa.

Conclusion:
The precious gems with nil or minimal flaws are used for Dharana purpose and the less precious variety is selected to make them undergo process for ingestion purpose. It is presumed that usage of flawed Ratna for wearing and flawless Ratna for consumption causes ill effects. Hence one must be very careful in selecting the raw material before beginning the treatment.
Article by Dr Vrinda.

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