By Dr MS Krishnamurthy MD(Ayu), PhD.
In Sanskrit ‘Pureesha’ means the fecal matter/stool or bowel. Sangrahaneeya means that helps to bind or collect. Altogether Pureesha sangrahaneeya means the drugs which are capable of binding the stools or which help for consolidation of the bowel. This is very essential in the individuals who pass loose stools or those with the complaint of repeated passage of the bowel in un formed manner.
If the stool is not passed without proper form the individual may feel discomfort or he may feel irritation while passing the bowel. This kind of presentation of the stool may be found in various gastro intestinal disorders and few of the metabolic disorders (hormone related too).
Purisha Sangrahaneeya Gana
Hence the drugs which help in proper formation of the stool or binders of the stool are of priority and same in discussed under this heading.
Let us review the quality and action of these drugs one by one in brief-
Priyangu (Callicara macrophylla)-Seeds
Anti microbial, stabilizing, bulk enhancers, anti spasmodic, wormicide etc.
Ananta (Hemidesmus indicus R. B.)-Roots
Blood purifiers, soothing, coolants, vaso dilators etc.
Amra – Mango– Mangifera indica-Seeds
Anti diarrhoeal, stabilizers, astringent tonics, wormicide etc.
Katvanga (Oroxylum indicum Vent.)-Roots
Anti inflammatory, analgesic, anti diarrhoeal, digestive etc.
Lodhra (Symplocos racemosa) -Stem bark
Astringent topnics, uterine tonics, anti diarrhoeal, steptic etc.
Mocharasa (Salmalia malabarica Schott & Endl.)-Resins/Exudate
Steptic, anti diarrhoeal, stabiklizers, bowel binders, aphrodisiac etc.
Samanga – Rubia cordifolia-Stem or whole plant
Blood purifiers, steptic, vaso dilators, anti histaminic, alkalizers etc.
Dhataki – Woodfordia fruticosa-Flowers
Styptic, binders, stabilizers, alkalizers, restorative, uterine tonic etc.
Padma – Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera)– Petals
Blood purifiers, strengtheners, energizers, coolants, steptic, anti diarrhoeal etc.
Padma kesara – Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera)-Stamens or Filaments
Digestive, carminative, stimulants, energizers, steptic etc.
Qualities in general and actions of Pureesha sangrahaneeya Gana drugs:
The drugs explained under this heading are astringent in taste and cooling in character. They are cold in potency and have the ability of restoration. The drugs are anti diarrheal, energizers, steptic and digestive in nature.
Therapeutic uses of Pureesha sangrahaneeya Gana drugs:
These drugs are useful in diarrhea, dysentery, IBS, mal absorption syndrome etc.
Disadvantages of Pureesha sangrahaneeya Gana drugs:
The drugs should be avoided in the patients who are suffering from constipation, hemorrhoids etc as the condition may be triggered by the above said drugs and formulations.
Simple formulations that can be made from the above drugs and their application in routine practice:
Fine powder of Lodhra or Amra beeja in the dose of 1-2 gram daily along with water helps to change into the well formed stool. Likewise decoctions or hot infusions can also be made from these herbs and combinations.
Formulation development opportunities:
By selective drugs can be made into tablets, concentrated extracts or syrups. As per the need readymade sachets can be made for the preparation of hot infusion and can be practiced where ever necessary.
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