By Dr MS Krishnamurthy MD (Ayu), PhD
Among the oils used to treat the arthritis Nirgundi is a common ingredient in most of the preparations. The plant is available in plenty and it is cheaper and more over, a confident herb to reduce the pain and swelling.
The plant Nirgundi is known as Five leaved chaste in English and Sambhalu in Hindi.
Its botanical name is Vitex negundo Linn and it belongs to verbenaceae family.
The scientists have evaluated its potent analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-convulsant, antioxidant, broncho -dilating and hepato-protective activities.
The leaves are the main usable parts. The stem as well as seeds are also in few unique preparations and conditions.
The plant is bitter mixed astringent in taste and it under goes Pungent kind of bio transformation (Vipaka). The plant is known as hot in potency and hence it is useful in Vata-kaphaja disorders.
Read related: Nirgundi – Vitex negundo Uses, Dose, Side Effects, Research
Important formulations are Nirgundi kashaya, Balanirgundyadi kwatha, Nirgundi kashaya etc.
Few important simple remedies of Nirgundi are as follows-
Joint pain, swelling
1. Fine paste of Nirgundi leaves in swelling and joint pains:
Matured leaves are collected and fine paste is made. This is warmed a little and applied over the joints or the area of swelling. This kind of poutlies are helpful to relieve the pain and swelling significantly.
2. Leaf decoction in Asthma and cough:
The leaf decoction (preferably from dry leaves) is administered in the dose of 20-30 m l twice or thrice daily. This pacifies cough, throat irritation, fever, URTI etc. To prepare decoction – 1 tablespoon of leaf powder is added with 2 cups of water, boiled and reduced to half a cup, filtered.
3. Leaf decoction to wash the wounds and ulcers:
The freshly prepared leaf decoction is used to wash the wounds. It helps in purification and easy and early healing of the wounds.
Nasal discharge, polyps
4. Seed/fruit powder for nasal discharge and nasal polyps:
2-4 gram of powder of its fruits is administered 2-3 times a day. Or else this can be made into hot infusion and administered. It cures disorders of nasal passages, especially rhinitis and nasal polyps.
Body ache, joint pain
5. Nirgundi leaf oil in body ache, joint pain etc:
50 gram of Nirgundi leaves , 200 ml of sesame oil and 800 ml of water or leaf decoction/fresh juice are taken together and oil is cooked. This oil is used to apply over the joints and painful area. This is very good analgesic and anti inflammatory oil.
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