Papaya Benefits Of Leaves, Latex, Fruit, Remedies, Side Effects

The leaves, latex (mix exudate), seed and fruits of Papaya are extensively used in the treatment of pain, bleeding piles, constipation, dysmenorrhea, poisonous bites of insects and skin diseases. 
Botanical Name- Carica papaya Linn.
Family Caricaceae

Vernacular names

Names in different languages:
Hindi name- Papita, andakharbuja, papaya, papeetha
English name- Papaya fruit, melon tree, papain, papaya, paw paw.
Bengali Name- Papeya
Kannada Name- Parangimara, akka thangi hannu, bappangaayi, papaya, peragi, parangi hannu mara, poppaya, Pappayi hannu
Telugu name- Boppayi, bapaipundoo, bappayi, boppayi,poppaya.
Marathi name – papaya, popai.
Tamil Name- Pappali, pappali phalam, parangi aamanakku, poppayi, cittamukkikamaram, kapakkini maram.
Malayalam name – apappaya pazham, kaplam, kappalam, karmmos, papaya pazham.
Urdu name – arand kharbuza.
Persian name – aanabahe-hindi.
Arabic name – aanabahe-hindi.

Carica papaya

Sanskrit synonyms

Synonyms of Eranda Karkati:
Nalaparni- The stalk of leaves are cylindrical.
MadhuKarkati, Erandachirbhata

Scientific classification

Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
Order: Brassicales
Family: Caricaceae
Genus: Carica
Species: C. papaya

Papaya plant is a native of West Indies and Central America. It is now cultivated all over India in moderate climate. It is a small tree growing to a height of 4-6 m. The ripened papaya fruit is well known for its health benefits.

Properties, part used, dosage

Papita medicinal Properties
Rasa (Taste) of leaf – Katu (Pungent),Tikta (Bitter)
Guna (Properties) –Laghu (Light for digestion), Ruksa (Dry), Tikshna (Pungent)
Vipaka- Katu (Undergoes to pungent taste conversion after digestion)
Veerya (Potency) – Ushna (Hot)
Karma- Kaphavatahara (pacifies Kapha and Vatadosha), Hridya( Benefits the heart)
Part used-Fruit, Leaf, Latex, Seed
Dosage-Leaf infusion 40-80 ml
Seed powder- 0.5- 1g
Latex- 3-6 g

The wild madhukarkati is sweet in taste, cold in potency, relieves burning sensation, mitigates all the three doshas, imparts good taste, is aphrodisiac,heavy and difficult to digest.

Chemical composition

The green parts of the plant and seeds of the papaya contain an alkaloid carpaine. The seeds also contain carpasamine. The latex of the plant contains papain, chymopapain and pseudocarpaine. The ripened fruit of papaya contains vitamin A, thiamine, riboflavin, niyacin and vitamin C. The latex of the unripe fruit is collected by giving a cut and the collected latex is dried under shade.
papaya contains the digestive enzyme, papain. It is used in treating sports injuries, other causes of trauma, and allergies.
Being rich in Vitamin A, pro-vitamin A carotenoid phytonutrients and C, Papaya fruit is an excellent anti oxidant.

Uses of Erandakarkati

  • The milk from the raw papaya is applied over mouth ulcer to treat it.
  • The milk of the raw papaya is applied over insect bites, scorpion bitten area to relieve the pain.
  • The cold infusion prepared from the leaves of papaya is given in a dose of 20-30 ml to treat local swelling, fever, difficulty during micturition.
  • The ripened fruit of papaya is consumed to relieve constipation.
  • The raw papaya is consumed as vegetable to treat intestinal worm, piles and hepatomegaly.
  • The milk from raw papaya is applied over wounds and bleeding piles to treat it.
  • The leaves of the papaya plant are slightly heated and applied locally over the part of the body to relieve pain and swelling.
  • The milk of raw papaya is applied locally to relieve skin diseases like eczema, ringworm.
  • The papaya fruit is consumed to strengthen the muscles of the heart.
  • Papaya seeds are made into fine powder and administered in the dose of 5-6 grams daily, in the empty stomach.

Sanskrit verse

– Dravya Guna Vijnana, PV Sharma.
Hrudya – cardiac tonic, good for heart
Grahi – absorbent, bowel binding, useful in IBS, diarrhoea

Karma: Appeases the burning sensation within the body and body parts; controls the fever. Controls the raktapittaM condition [bleeding diathesis].
Action on Dosh?s: Appeases the pitta and rakta doshAs.


Ayurvedic Indications:
Kasa – cold, cough
Shwasa – asthma, respiratory disorders involving difficulty in breathing
Yakrutodara – Liver enlargement, hepatomegaly
Pleehodara – splenomegaly, enlarged spleen
Mandagni – low digestion strength
Shotha – oedema, swelling, inflammatory conditions.
Visha – toxic conditions

How to consume Papaya?
Its fruits are consumed readily.
Fruits are added as an ingredient of fruit salad, along with banana, apple etc.
Fruits are sprinkled with black pepper powder for added taste.
Its fruit juice is prepared by adding few cardamoms.

Papaya for meat eaters:
For people who consume excess of proteins like meat or protein supplements, having a few slices of Papaya can help in easy digestion of proteins. It contains Papain, a phytochemical which acts as proteolytic. It helps in easy breaking down of protein molecules into smaller digestion friendly ones. (1)

Ayurvedic formulations

Formulations containing Erandakarkati:
Ashmariharakashaya: It is an ayurvedic medicine in decoction form given to treat conditions of urinary calculi and the pain arising due to it.
Alopazyme syrup: It is a proprietary Ayurvedic medicine manufactured by ALOPA HERBALS pharmaceuticals, Bhuvanagiri, Bangalore. It is used in the treatment of all types of digestive problems.

Caripill: It is a tablet manufactured by micro labs, Bangalore, to increase the platelet count in patients suffering from dengue fever.
Uplat capsules: It is a capsule to treat low platelet count in the body.

Interaction with medicines, supplements

Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.

Can this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.

With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.

Research, adverse effects

Research work on Caricapapaya:
Improves platelet count:The study was conducted to investigate the platelet increasing property of Carica papaya leaves juice (CPLJ) in patients with dengue fever (DF).There was a significant increase in mean platelet count observed in the intervention group but not in the control group 40 hours since the first dose of CPLJ. Comparison of mean platelet count between intervention and control group showed that mean platelet count in intervention group was significantly higher than control group after 40 and 48 hours of admission.

Anti- inflammatory activity: The anti-inflammatory activity of an ethanolic extract of Carica papaya leaves was investigated in rats using carrageenan induced paw oedema, cotton pellet granuloma and formaldehyde induced arthritis models. The results show that the extracts significantly (p <0.05) reduced paw oedema in the carrageenan test. Likewise the extract produced significant reduction in the amount of granuloma formed from 0.58 ±0.07 to 0.22 ±0.03 g. In the formaldehyde arthritis model, the extracts significantly reduced the persistent oedema from the 4th day to the 10th day of the investigation. The extracts also produced slight mucosal irritation at high doses. The study establishes the anti-inflammatory activity of Carica papaya leaves.

Potential medicinal benefits:The latex from unripe papaya fruit contain enzymes papain and chymopapain; other components include a mixture of cysteine endopeptidases, chitinases and an inhibitor of serine protease. Phytochemical analysis of C.papaya leaf extract revealed the presence of alkaloids, glycosides, flavanoids, saponins, tannins, phenols and steroids. This review focuses on different properties of papaya such as antioxidant and free radical scavenging activity, anticancer activity, anti-inflammatory activity, treatment for dengue fever, anti-diabetic activity, wound healing activity and anti- fertility effects.

Papaya Adverse effect: Pregnant women should not consume raw papaya as the milk present in the raw papaya may cause abortion. In the folklore practice, raw papaya is used to cause abortion.

Market available variants of papaya

Papayas, raw

बीजपूरोऽपरः प्रोक्तो मधुरो मधुकर्कटी |
मधुकर्कटिका स्वाद्वी रोचनी शीतलाः गुरुः |
रक्तपित्तक्षयश्वासकासहिक्काभ्रमापहा ||१०९|| (bhavaprakashanighantu Amradiphalavarga) Rasa – sweet
Guna – heavy
Veerya – cold
Vipaka – sweet
Effect on Doshas
Vata balancing
Pitta balancing
Kapha increasing

Papaya, canned, heavy syrup, drained

Rasa – sweet
Guna – very heavy
Veerya – cold
Vipaka – sweet
Effect on Doshas
Vata balancing
Pitta balancing
Kapha increasing (more Kapha increasing than fruit as heavy syrup is highly concentrated)

Papaya nectar, canned

Nectar has a thicker texture and isn’t as clear as pure juice.
Rasa – sweet
Guna – heavy
Veerya – cold
Vipaka – sweet
Effect on Doshas
Vata balancing
Pitta balancing
Kapha increasing (more Kapha increasing than fruit as nectar is slightly thick)

Author: Dr.B.K.Prashanth M.D (Ayu), Ph.D
E mail: [email protected]

11 thoughts on “Papaya Benefits Of Leaves, Latex, Fruit, Remedies, Side Effects”

    • Your are welcome Dr Hebbar
      We are always be thankful to you for provided platform, where every mind nourishes with Knowledge of Creator’s(True Lord’s) Creation(Nature)
      Hv a good day

    • Papaya fruit has Madhura rasa – sweet taste and Ushna veerya.
      It is not very hot and can be consumed during summer.

  1. What is Shwasa which is good for asthma, respiratory disorders & breathing and what is Shothe which is for oedema and swelling. I am with this problems.


Write Your Comment Below

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.