Ber Fruit: Indian Jujube Uses, Dose, Side Effect, Research

Ber fruit or Indian Jujube or Chinese apple is a Vitamin C rich fruit, used in Ayurveda for treating bleeding disorders, excessive thirst, fever, burning sensation etc. Its seeds possess anti cancer potential. Botanical names- Ziziphus mauritiana Lamk (Z. Jujuba Lamk)
Family- Rhamnaceae

This is the famous fruit which Shabari, an old lady served Lord Sri Ram in Ramayana. The old Lady was so full of devotion, while serving Sri Ram that she tasted every Jujube fruit before serving it to Lord Ram. The Lord, being compassionate towards his devotee accepted those fruits with much love.

Vernacular names

Names in different languages:
Hindi name – Ber,
Telugu name- Regu chettu
Tamil name – Ilandai
English Name: Indian Jujube, ber, Chinee apple, jujube, Indian plum
Kannada name – Bore hannu, Bore mara

Sanskrit synonyms

Ajapriya, Karkandhu, Kola, Badari, Sauveera, Gudaphala,
Baleshta – liked by children

Ber fruit
India Jujube fruits
Ziziphus mauritiana

Chemical composition

Ziziphus mauritiana chemical composition:
Fruit: Rich in Vitamin C, Also contains Jujubosides A&B (seeds) , Zizogenin, Zeatin, Frangufoline, Saponin etc
Bark – Leucocyanidin, Mauritines A,B,C,D, E & F frangufoline.
Leaves- Rutin, Yuziphine, Yuzirin
Seeds: betulinic aldehyde, betulinic acid, ceanothic acid, frangufoline, spinosin, beta-sitosterol, daucosterol, daucosterol-6′-octadecanoate, sucrose, docosanoic acid, stearic acid, palmitoleic acid. (Reference)

Classical categorization

Badara – Classical categorisation:
Charaka –
Hrudya – Group of herb that acts as cardiac tonic, congenial for heart,
Svedopaga – Group Virechanopaga,
Chadri Nigrahana – Anti emetic group of herb
Phala Asava Yoni – Ber fruit is a source of fermented medicinal beverage (Reference: Charaka Sutrasthana 25)
Sushruta and Vagbhata –Nyagrodhadi gana
Sodala Nighantu, Raja Nighantu, Dhanvantari Nighantu, Bhavaprakasha – Amradi Varga
Kaiyadeva Nighantu – Oshadhi Varga
Kola – as a measuring unit:
Kola – the mid sized ber fruit weighs approximately 12 grams. It is used as a unit of measurement. The same unit is also called Aksha (size / weight of Vibhitaki – Baheda – Terminalia bellirica) fruit

Medicinal properties

Indian Jujube – Medicinal Properties:
Guna (qualities) – Guru (heaviness), Snigdha – unctuous, oily
Rasa (taste) – Madhura – sweet, Amla – sour taste
Veerya – Sheeta – Coolant

Effect on Tridosha :
Sweet ber fruit balances Vata and Pitta Dosha.
Sour fruit pacifies Vata and Kapha
Dried fruit pacifies Vata and Kapha Dosha but does not increase Pitta Dosha

Qualities as per Bhojana kutuhalam

Rasa (Taste) – Sweet, Astringent and sour
Virya (Potency) – Hot
Treats diarrhoea, fatigue, depletion of dhatus, pain and improves taste.
Aggravates kapha dosha.

Rajabadara
Taste – very sweet
Potency – Cold
Treats burning sensation, pain, Is aphrodisiac, increases virility and depletion of dhatus.

Bhubadari
Taste – Sweet and sour
Effects On Dosha – Treats vitiation of vata and kapha dosha
Imparts taste, is appetizing, promotes digestion, wholesome for the body but has small tendency to cause bleeding disorders.

Laghubadara
Taste – Sweet and sour
The ripened fruit is unctuous, improves taste perception, alleviates vata and kapha and treats burning sensation, depletion of dhatus, vitiation of pitta and minimally causes worm infestation.

The leaf of badara when made into a paste and used cures fever and burning sensation, the bark helps to cure eruptions and the seed cures ophthalmic diseases.

Types

Bhava Prakasha has mentioned about three varieties-
Sauveera – Bigger variety, also called Raja Badara – Ziziphus sativa
Kola – mid size fruits – Ziziphus jujuba, Ziziphus mauritiana
Karkandhu – small fruits

Ziziphus mauritiana, Chinee Apple, Jujube, Indian plum
Ziziphus mauritiana, Chinee Apple, Jujube, Indian plum

Part used, dosage

Part used- Root, leaf, Fruit
Dosage- Bark decoction 50-100 ml

How to consume:
Its fruits are consumed as it is. It is also made into pickles, beverages.
Its leaves or bark are made into decoction (Kashaya) – by adding water, boiling, filtered and used when hot.
The bark / leaf paste is made by drying them, grinding to fine powder, adding water and grinding again to make paste.

Sanskrit verse

ber fruit uses

Ber fruit uses

Ripe Sweet ber fruit:
Snigdha – unctuous, oily
Bhedana – relieves constipation
Sour Jujube fruit Balances Vata and Kapha Dosha

Kola – Old 0r dried Chinese apple fruit:
Balances Vata and Kapha Dosha, without increasing Pitta Dosha.
Trut shamana – relieves excessive thirst
Amaghna – Relieves ama – a product of indigestion and altered metabolism.
Deepana – improves digestion strength
Laghu – light to digest
Grahi – absorbent, useful in diarrhoea, IBS
Ruchya – improves taste, relieves anorexia

Sauveera Badara – Bigger variety, Rajabadara, also called Unnava – Ziziphus sativa
Botanical names- Zizyphus sativa Gaertn.(Z Vulgaris Lamk)
Family- Rhamnaceae
It is called Unnava / Unnav in Hindi.

Rajabadara qualities, indications

Snigdha – unctuous, oily
Madhura – sweet
Balances Vata and Pitta
Sheeta – Coolant
Guru – heavy to digest
Shukrala – improves sperm and semen quantity and quality
Bhedana – useful in constipation
Brumhana – nourishing, nutritious

Indicated in:
Pitta disorders
Daha –  burning sensation, as in gastritis, neuropathy, burning sensation in eyes etc
Asra – blood disorders such as abscess, skin disorders, bleeding disorders such as menorrhagia, nasal bleeding etc.
Kshaya – depletion of body tissues, weight loss, tuberculosis
Trushna – excessive thirst

Kshudrabadara qualities

Kshudrabadara – Karkandhu – smaller variety:
Kashaya – Astringent
Madhura – sweet
Snigdha – unctuous, oily
Guru – heavy to digest
Tikta – bitter
Balances Vata and Pitta

Jujube uses

Uses of other parts

Uses of other tree parts of ber fruit / Indian Jujube:
Patralepa – 
Paste made out of leaves of Indian Jujube is applied externally to relieve burning sensation and fever. It helps to bring down body temperature.
Bark of Indian Jujube tree is made to paste and applied externally to treat Visphota – Boils, abscess
The seeds of ber fruit are useful in Netramaya – eye disorders

The decoction of bark of Jujube is used as co drink (Anupana) along with Narayana churna to treat bloating and abdominal distension.

Ayurvedic medicines

Ayurvedic medicines with Badara as ingredient:
Ajamamsa Rasayan – 
used in treatment of Vata disorders like loss of strength, hemiplegia etc.
Panchamla Thailam – 
Leaves of Jujube tree is used as an ingredient in this oil. This is used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and ascites.

Research

Anticancer potential of seed extract of Z. mauritiana – Treatment of Ehrlich ascites carcinoma bearing Swiss albino mice with varied doses (100–800 mg/kg b.wt.) of plant extract significantly reduced tumour volume and viable tumour cell count and improved haemoglobin content, RBC count, mean survival time, tumour inhibition, and percentage life span. The enhanced antioxidant status in extract-treated animals was evident from decline in levels of lipid per-oxidation  and increased levels of glutathione, catalase, and superoxide dismutase.

Antibacterial activity of Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. and Ziziphus xylopyra (Retz.) Willd.

Side effects, incompatibility

There are no known side effects with Ber fruit and its tree parts. Its fruits are commonly consumed during pregnancy, lactating mothers and by children.
Incompatibility:
Sour Jujube fruit is incompatible with milk (reference: )

Interaction with medicines, supplements

Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.

Can this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.

With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.

Other uses

Use of Badara in Panchakarma treatment:
Ber is used in Sweating and Virechana treatment (purgation).
In Snehana treatment, for treating male and female reproductive system disorders, such as infertility, heavy periods, low sperm quality / quantity etc, The Shena (fat) is prepared with sesame oil, marrow, muscle fat, ghee and the decoction of Badara – Zizyphus jujuba, Triphala. (reference: Charaka Sutrasthana 13/95

Ber fruit for gastritis: 
If it is sour, then not good for gastritis, sweet and ripe fruits are very good to calm stomach and to relieve gastritis.

Ber decoction sitz bath for hemorrhoids:
To the pile mass, sesame oil is applied. A decoction of ber is prepared. The decoction should be lukewarm. The patient is made to take sitz bath in the decoction for 5 – 10 minutes. It reduces pain, itching and size of the pile mass. (Charaka Samhita Chikitsa Sthana 14th chapter).

Badara leaves for laryingitis and cough:
Paste of Badari leaves are fried in ghee and given mixed with rock salt to alleviate laryngitis associated with cough.

11 thoughts on “Ber Fruit: Indian Jujube Uses, Dose, Side Effect, Research”

  1. Great fruit ….We have all ahad this when we were kids…..While the sweet fruit is good for gastritis. does it have any efect on acidity …..Pls advice

    Reply
  2. Great fruit, with sweet taste & lot’s uses.
    Sir, can we use essential oils for good health & how?

    Reply
  3. IS THERE ANY fermentation method with BER FRUIT, as mentioned some where in here, such as wine, that we can use longer time since it is a seasonal fruit? kindly give the method for good medicinal value, that can be prepared at home.

    Reply
    • Hi, ber fruit is fermented with jaggery and spices such as cardamom and black pepper, for a period of 1 month and used.

      Reply

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