Henbane – Hyoscyamus niger Linn is a famous herb used for treating intestinal and stomach spasms. Its leaves and leaf oil is quite commonly used in Ayurvedic treatment. But care should be taken to avoid over-dosing this important herb.
Family- SOLANACEAE (Kantakari Kula)
Table of Contents
English Name- Henbane, Black Henbane, Common Henbane, Devil’s eye, Fetid nightshade, Jupiter’s Bean
Hindi Name – Khurasani Ajawayan, Khuraasaano Ajavaayan, Khurasaana
Bengali Name – Khorasani Ajoban
Marathi Name – Khurasani Ova, Khurasana Ova
Tamil Name- Kurasani Yomam
Gujarati Name- Khurasani Ajma, Chuhari ajamoda
Kannada Name – Khurasani Oma
Malayalam Name – Khurasani Ova
Telugu Name – Khurasani Yamani
Arabian Name – Altercum, Bajulbajj
Farsi name – Turumavanga
Spanish Name – beleno negro, chupa mieles, dormidera
French Name – herbe aux dents, jusquiame noire
Russian Name – belena chernaya
Chinese Name – tian xian zi
Medicinal qualities of Hyoscyamus niger:
Rasa (taste) – Tikta (bitter), Katu (pungent)
Guna- (qualities) – Guru (heavy), Rooksha (dry)
Vipaka- Katu – Undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion.
Veerya- Ushna – Hot potency
Effect on Tridosha – Balances Kapha and Vata, because of its hot potency. It increases Pitta.
Pharmacological action – Anodyne, Sedative, Narcotic, Anti histamine, Anti spasmodic, Anti inflammatory
Part used, dosage
Part used- Seeds, leaves are commonly used. Flower is also used.
Dosage- Powder 250-1000 mg
Henbane – uses and qualities as per Ayurveda –
Koshta hrut Shoola jit – relieves spasmodic pain related to stomach and intestines.
Hrudya – good for heart
Gulma – abdominal tumor, pain, flatulence
Deepani – improves digestion
Teekshna – strong, piercing
Udarda – useful in allergic skin diseases
Agnikrut – improves digestion strength
Jantunashana, Kruminut – useful in intestinal worm infestation
Grahini – has absorbing and drying qualities.
Hyoscyamus niger soothes nerves, used in neuralgia,
Because of its narcotic effect, it is used to induce sleep, relieves pain.
Used in treating motion sickness, premature ejaculation. It reduces sexual desire and excitation.
Seed is used in treating myalgia.
Its leaf oil is used externally to get rid of scar tissue.
Henbane – Hyoscyamus niger side effects:
It should only be used under medical supervision.
Should be avoided during pregnancy and lactation.
Advised to avoid in tachycardia (increased heart rate), heart failure, Down syndrome, fever, urinary retention, narrow angle glaucoma.
Over-dosage may cause dizziness, dryness of throat, toxic and psychiatric symptoms.
Interaction with medicines, supplements
Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.
Can this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.
With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.
Hyoscyamus niger is an annual herb growing up to 1 meter tall. Plant is sticky, hairy and odorous. Coarsely toothed or pinnatifid leaves. Flowers are sessile, yellowish-brown and purple-veined campanulate. Fruit is urn-shaped capsule with a lid-like top containing black or grey seeds.(A)
Found in temperate western Himalayas at 2,700-3,700 meter height, between Kashmir to Garhwal. It is cultivated in certain parts of western Himalayas.
Major chemical constituents
Apoatropine, cascohygrine, Daturamine, Hyoscine, (Scopalimine), Tropine, Phytin, Hyoscpicrin, Hyoscine N-oxide, Hyoscine, Aphyoyoscine, a-and B- belladonine, Skimmiaine etc.
(Reference: Illustrated Dravyaguna Vijnana, Vol. II, by Dr JLN Shastry)
Parasika yavani – from Paras country
Yavani – From yavana Desha- Japan
Turushka – From Turkey
Madakarini – Causes Mada (intoxication, dizziness)
Species: Hyoscyamus niger
Systemic Action (Sthanika Karma)
External – Being Ushna ( Hot) in potency its external application is indicated in pain, edema. Indicated in hemorrhoid’s, joint pain, pain and inflammation in breast region etc.
Nervous System – Induce sleep, reduce pain, Indicated in joint pathology, insomnia, insanity, neurotic edema
Digestive System – Because of its Katu (Pungent), Tikta (Bitter) taste it is beneficial in worm infestation .Being hot in potency it is indicated in abdominal cramp.
Circulatory System – indicated in bleeding disorders as it has styptic action. Promote strength of heart and related organs
Respiratory System – Indicated in Cough, Breathing disorder
Excretory System – Indicated in calculi, Hastimeha, inflammatory conditions related to bladder and kidney
Reproductive system – Reduce potency, indicated in nocturnal emission, dysmenorrhea, leucorrhea
Satmikarana – It has vyavayi, Vikashi and cause body emaciation.