Black Caraway is an ancient Indian spice. It is widely used in after delivery care of the mother. It is good for eyes, bloating, vomiting etc. It is also used in children’s medicines. This little spice has huge health benefits with almost nil side effects.
Vernacular names, Sanskrit synonyms
Names in different languages:
Hindi name –Syah jeera, Kali Jeera, Kala jeera, Krishnajeera
Bengali name – Kala Jeere, Krishna jeera
English name – Meridian Fennel, Black caraway, Black cumin.
Marathi name – Shahaajire, Shahajeeram, Kalejeere
Gujarati name – Shaahjeeru
Telugu name – Sheema jilkar, Shimaisapoo
Tamil name – Shimayishiragam, Shimah shombu
Kannada name – Kari jeerige, Karijeerake
Arabic name – Kamoone aramani
Farsi name – Jeera e syaah
Kashmirajiraka, Udgarashodhana, Sugandha, Dantashodhani
Availability: It is available in Kashmir, Gadhaval, Kumavu, Afghanistan, Baluchisthan, at 6000 – 11000 feet height regions.
There are two herbs used in the name of Black cumin.
Carum bulbocastanum / Bunium bulbocastanum / Carum carvi – Black cumin, Black caraway
Nigella sativa – small fennel / Simple nigella / Kalonji
Guna (qualities) – Laghu (light to digest), Rooksha (dry)
Rasa (Taste) – Katu (pungent)
Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion) – Katu (pungent)
Veerya (potency) – Ushna (hot)
Effect on Tridosha – Kaphavatashamaka – balances Kapha and Vata, increases Pitta
Deepana – improves digestion strength
Sangrahi – absorbent, useful in diarrhoea
Medhya – improves intelligence
Jvaraghna – Useful in fever
Pachana – carminative
Vrushya – natural aphrodisiac
Balya – improves strength and immunity
Ruchya – improves taste
Chakshushya – good for eyes, improves vision power
Ruchya – improves taste
Dantashodhani – cleanses teeth
Useful in the treatment of
Adhmana – bloating, gaseous distension of abdomen
Gulma – Abdominal tumor, bloating
Chardi – vomiting
Atisara – diarrhoea, dysentery
Shopha – inflammatory conditions
Jeernajvara – chronic stages of fever
Dose – 1 – 3 grams
Black Cumin after delivery
In South Indian custom, after delivery, A water decoction made with black cumin is administered to the mother from day 2 to day 10. In a dose of 15 ml in the morning, empty stomach. It is done to fight post delivery infection and to strengthen the mother’s internal system.
Black Cumin for PCOS
It helps to lose weight, reduce the size of the cyst and to regularize menstruation. People with PCOS can take this in a dose of quarter a teaspoon mixed with honey and swallow with water for 2 months time.
Carum carvi biennial much-branched herb growing up to 30 – 80 cm in height. Leaves are dark green, finely cut and feathery. Flowers are white in color and produced on umbels.
The plant is found in Europe, Siberia, the Caucasus, the near East, the Himalayas, Mongolia and Morocco. (a)
Ayurvedic medicines using Black cumin seeds:
Madana Kameswari Lehyam – An Aphrodisiac herbal jam
Vayu Gulika – Used in cold, fever, bloating etc.
Virechana Gulika – Used to induce purgation.
Kombanchadi Gulika – Used in fever, cough and cold in kids.
There are no known side effects with Kala Jeera in the said dosage. Like we saw, it is used in mothers, soon after delivery and also in kids. There is no record to say that it is unsafe during pregnancy. However, it is best to avoid during pregnancy.
Interaction with medicines, supplements
Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.
this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets,
Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.
With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.
Black cumin seed oil benefits
This oil is also widely used to improve skin tone, to treat acne, scar, dark spots and as moisturizer.
It is known to promote hair growth.
The oil contains omega-6 linoleic acid , omega-9 oleic acid, thymoquinone, nigellone, melanthin, nigilline, damascenine, and tannins. It is also known to help body produce prostaglandin E1, which is useful to treat erectile dysfunction.
However, its over-dosage must be strictly avoided, due to fear of toxic symptoms.