Coriander seeds and leaves are part of Indian culinary since ages. It is used for therapeutic purposes as well. It is also famous by the name Cilantro seeds. Some people genuinely dislike coriander. Interestingly there is a genetic influence on this hatred.
Botanical name: Coriandrum sativum Linn.
Kingdom – Plantae
Division – Spermatophyta
Subdivision – Angiospermae
Class – Dicotyledonae
Subclass – Archichlamydeae
Order – Umbelliflorae
Family – Umbelliferae
Genus – Coriandrum
Species – Sativum
Vernacular names, Sanskrit synonyms
In English, Coriander seeds are also known as Cilantro seeds
Hindi name: Dhaniya
Telugu name: Dhaniyalu
Bengali name: Dhane
Gujarati name: Dhana
Tamil name: Kottamalli
Kannada name: Kotthambari
Malayalam name: Malli/Kothambala/Kothambalari
Arabian name: Kubjar, Kujwar
Farsi name: Kashneer
Dhanyaka – the seeds resemble grains (dhanya)
Chatra – the inflorescence resembles umbrella
Kustumburu – helps to relieve diseases. कुत्सितं रोगभयं तुम्बयति अर्दयति इत् ।
Vitunnaka – विगतं तुन्नं दु:खं अस्मात् । – helps to relieve agony, pain.
Veshanagra, Kunati, dhenaka
Hrudyagandha – has pleasant smell
Nirukti – word derivation
According to leaves
सूक्ष्मपत्र – हृस्वानि पत्र यस्य। (Small leaves) (R.N)
According to flower
छत्र – छत्राकार पुष्पव्यूहत्वात् । (umbrella shaped inflorescence)(B.P)
छत्रधान्यम् – छत्राकार पुष्पव्यूहयुक्त धान्यम्।
(umbrella shaped inflorescence)(D.N)
According to seeds
धान्यबीज –धान्यवत् बीजमस्य। (seeds like cereals) (R.N)
धेनुक – दीयते इति।(used as drug) (B.P)
वितुन्नकम् – व्याधिनाशकत्वात् । (used as drug) (B.P)
शाकयोग्य – शाके प्रयुक्त: । (used as a vegetable) (R.N)
वेषनाग्र्य – वेषनेषु भोज्य संस्कारक द्रव्येषु श्रेष्ट: । (Importantly used as a spice) (K.N)
According to karma
हृद्यगन्ध –हृद्यो गन्धोऽस्य। (pleasant smell) (K.N)
सुगन्धि –शोभनो गन्धस्य । (pleasant smell) (R.N)
Trushnaprashamana – herbs that relieve excessive thirst
Sheetaprashamana – herbs that relieve excessive cold
Sushruta and Vagbhata: Guduchyadi group of herbs.
Soushrutha Nighantu –Vidarighandadi gana
Dhanvantari Nighantu – Shatapushpadi varga
Raja Nighantu – Pippalyadi varga
Kaiyyadeva Nighantu – Aoushadi varga
Bhavaprakasha Nighantu – Hareetakyadi vargas
Shaleegrama Nighantu – Hareetakyadi varga
Nighantu Adarsha – Jeerakadi varga
Priyanighntu – Shatapushpadi varga
Coriandrum sativum -chemical constituents:
β –Sitosterol, D – Maninitol, flavoid glycosides, coriandrinonediol, quercetin – 3 – 0 – caffeyl – glcosides, kaempferol 3 – glucoside, octadecenoic acid(seed), α- pinene, limonene, b-phellandrene, 1,8-cineole, linalool, borneol, b-caryophyllene, citronellol, geraniol, thymol, linalyl acetatae, caryophyllene oxide, elemol methylheptenone, seed oil- umbelliferone, scopoletin, (fruits), volatile flavors compounds, oxalic acids, vitamin C, carotene and calcium (leaves), chlorogenic and caffeic acids, rutin,tricosanol, psoralen, anagelicin, quercitin, aflatoxins, coriandrones C to E, butylphthalides-neoenidilide and Z-ligustilide.
Coriander seed and leaves – medicinal properties:
Rasa (taste) – kashaya (Astringent), Tikta (bitter)
Guna (qualities) – Laghu (light to digest), Snigdha (unctuous, oily)
Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion) – Madhura (sweet)
Veerya (potency) – Ushna (hot)
Effect on Tridosha: Tridoshahara – it balances all the three Doshas.
Spices, coriander leaf, dried
Rasa – astringent, bitter
Guna – light, slightly unctuous
Veerya – hot
Vipaka – sweet
Effect on Doshas
Coriander health benefits
Avrushya – does not have aphrodisiac property
Mutrala – diuretic, increases urine volume
Deepana – improves digestion strength
Jvaraghna – Useful in fever
Rochana – improves taste, useful in anorexia
Grahi – absorbent, useful in malabsorption syndrome and diarrhea
Daurgandhya nashana – helps to relieve bad odor (bad breath)
Hrudya – good for heart, cardiac tonic
Trushna – Excessive thirst
Daha – burning sensation
Vami – vomiting
Shwasa – Asthma, COPD, wheezing, breathing difficulty
Kasa – cough, cold
Arsha – haemorrhoids
Krumi – worm infestation
The wet / fresh variety is similar to the dry, it is especially useful in treating Pitta aggravation.
Part used, Dose
Part used: fruits, whole plant, leaves
Dose: Fruit powder – 3 – 6 grams
Cold infusion – 10– 30 ml per day or as directed by Ayurvedic doctor.
Coriander home remedy: Easy to prepare coriander drink for fever
Interaction with medicines, supplements
Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.
this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets,
Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.
Modern research: Many animal studies have shown coriander seed’s benefits in controlling blood sugar and cholesterol levels. It is also a very good anti oxidant and resists build up of free radicals in the body.
Ayurvedic medicines with coriander ingredient:
Chandraprabha Vati – useful in urinary tract diseases
Brahmi Vati – Used as brain tonic and memory booster
Kalyanagulam – used in liver and skin conditions
Kankayan Vati – used in hemorrhoids treatment.
Ayurveda medicines with coriander as mentioned in Charaka Samhita –
Saindhvadi churna – used in Kshata ksheena – Chi/Kshatakseena Chikitsa
Chitrakadi grutha – Shotha – Chi/Swayathuchikitsa
Dadimadi gritha – Gulma, Pleeharoga, Pandu – Chi/Pandurogachikitsa
Agruvadyataila – Jwara – Chi/Jwarachikitsa
Trayushanadi grutham – Gulma – Chi/Gulmachikitsa
Hingu sovarchaladi grutha – Gulma – Chi/Gulmachikitsa
Pippalyadi Gruhtam – Gulma – Chi/Gulmachikitsa
Hinguvadi gutika – Adhmana, Shoola, Gulma, Pandu – Chi/Gulmachikitsa
Shatyadi churna – Gulma – Chi/Gulmachikitsa
Ayurveda medicines with coriander as mentioned in Sushruta Samhita –
Hinguvadigudika – Adhmana, Shoola, Gulma, Pandu – Chi/Vatavyadi
Ayurveda medicines with coriander as mentioned in Ashtanga Hrudayam –
Hinguvadi churna – Adhmana, Shula, Gulma, Pandu – Chi/Gulmachikitsa
Dadimashtaka Churna – Atisara – Chi/Atisarachikitsa
Pootikaranja Churna – Arsha – Chi/Arshachikitsa
Yavanyadi Churna – Rajayakshma – Chi/Rajayakshmachikitsa
Kushmanda Rasayana – Kasa, Swasa, Kshaya – Chi/Kasachikitsa
Ayurvedic medicines with coriander as mentioned in Bhaishajya Ratnavali –
Dhanyakadi Hima – Daha – Raktapitta chikitsa
Dhanyagokshura Gritam – Mootravata – Mootravata chikitsa
Dhanyanagaradi kwatha – Jwaratisara – Jwaratisara chikitsa
Dhanya shunti – Jwaratisara – Jwaratisara Chikitsa
Ayurveda medicines with coriander as mentioned in Sharangdhara Samhita –
Dhanyaka panchaka kwatha – Amatisara – Amatisaraprakarana
Guduchyadikwatha – Jwara, Raktavata – Sarvajwaraprakarana
Abhayarishta – Arshas
Medicinal usage of coriander
- The cold infusion of Dhanyaka mixed with sugar and taken in morning alleviates even severe burning sensation immediately.(V.M 1-101)
- Decoction of Dhanyaka and Patola acts as appetizer, expectorant, carminative of Pitta and Vata, antipyretic, digestive and purgative.(V.M 1-130)
- In order to improve the digestive fire, one suffering from fevers should take water processed with Dhanyaka 2 parts and Shunti one part(V.D 1-7)
- Decoction or Dhanyaka and Shunti, added with lemon juice and Sugar is useful in fever in autumn.(S.B 4-23)
- Decoction of Dhanyaka, Balaka, Shunti, and Bilva alleviates ama shoola, constipation. This is digestive and an appetizer.(V.M 3-21)
- Ghee processed with 4 time of water and Dhanyaka paste should be given in diarrhea caused by Pitta and associated with pain. It is also a good appetizer and digestive.(B.A Atisara 91)
- Water processed with Dhanyaka and Balaka should be given to those suffering from thirst burning sensation and diarrhea. (Bp.Chi 2-14)
Water processed with Dhanyaka and Shunti alleviates indigestion caused by Ama and it is diuretic also.(V.M 6-21)
The physician should prescribe water processed with Kantakari or Shunti and Dhanyaka acts as carminative of wind and stool.(C.S.Chi 2-14)
One should take water boiled with Dhanyaka.(A.H.Chi 14-60)
Dhanyaka pounded and mixed with sour and salt is useful in vomiting.(S.S.U49-30)
Powder consisting of Dhanyaka, Ativisha, Kantaka srungi and Gaja pippali should be taken with honey in vomiting, diarrhea in children. (B.A Balaraoga 49-30)
Dhanyaka Hima (S.G 2-4-7)
In thirst emerging as a complication in other diseases cold infusion of Dhanyaka with honey and sugar is useful.
Amavata – Rheumatoid arthritis
Decoction of Dhanyaka and shunti is digestive and appetizer, in combination with Eranda root it removes pain of Amavata.(S.G 2-2-65)
Vatarakta – Gout
Dhanyaka 10 gm and Jeeraka 20 gm cooked with Jaggery should be consumed by a patient of Vatarakta.(H.S 3-23-10)
Cough and asthma in children
Dhanyaka mixed with sugar should be given with rice water in treatment of Asthma and cough of children.(B.A Balaroga. 60)
A teaspoon of coriander seeds can be soaked in a cup of water, kept over night. Next day morning, that water can be drunk, before food.
Other than this, one can consume up to 2 – 3 grams of powder, by using in in your dishes or as it is, drinking the powder mixed in water.
Burning sensation of eyes
Coriander (Coriander sativum) seeds are soaked in water or rose water and instilled to the eyes.
For alleviation of pitta
As per mentioned in Bhojana Kutuhalam in the context of coold drinks, Dhanyaka is macerated thoroughly on the stone and filtered through a cloth, mixed with sugar syrup and dressed with camphor etc and is placed in earthen vessels, this cool drink made with dhanyaka is an excellent alleviator of pitta.