Pomegranate Benefits, Home Remedies, Side Effects

Pomegranate fruit benefits are innumerable. There are only a very few fruits as nutrition-loaded as pomegranate. Pomegranate is used for its health benefits since thousands of years. Apart from pomegranate fruits, other parts of the plant such as bark, root bark are also used in many health conditions. Pomegranate fruit is the widely used part of the plant.


Common names, Sanskrit synonyms

Hindi name: Anar
Telugu name: Danimma Kaya, daalimba, daanimma.
Malayalam name: Matalam, matalam, madala, raktabijam
Tamil name: Matuli, maadulai, maatulai pazham.
Marathi name: Dalimb
Kannada name: Dalimbe hannu
Urdu name – Urdu: aab-e-amar, amrdana.
Persian name – anar.
Arabic name – gulnar
Hindi name –  anar ke phal.

Sanskrit synonyms of Pomegranate:
Phalamla – has slightly sour taste
Kuchaphala – Fruit resembles the shape of breasts
Shukavallabha, shukapriya – attracts birds
Raktabeeja – has red seeds
Raptapushpa, Raktakusuma, Lohitapushpaka – has red coloured flowers
Dantabeeja – seeds are arranged like teeth
Madhubeeja – seeds are sweet
Manibeeja – Seeds like quartz or ruby
Valkaphala – Fruits covered by leathery rind
Rasalaka – Fruit is juicy
Vrintaphala – fruit is globose
Pathyakari – Conductive to health
Karaka – Useful in many disease

Botanical classification

Kingdom – Plantae
Division – Magnoliophyta
Class – Dicotyledon
Sub class – Sapindales
Order – Rosidae
Family – Rutaceae
Sub family – Aurantoideae
Genera – Citrus
Sub genera – Papeda
Species – Sinensis

Qualities, effect on Doshas

Guna (qualities) – Laghu (light to digest), Snigdha (unctuous, oily)
Rasa (taste) – Madhura (sweet), Amla (sour), Kashaya (astringent)
Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion) – Madhura (sweet) or Amla (sour)
Veerya (potency) – Anushna – neither cold, nor sweet.

Pomegranate – effect on Tridosha –
Sweet pomegranate balances Tridosha – Vata, Pitta and Kapha
Sour pomegranate balances Vata and Kapha and increases Pitta.


Habit – A large deciduous shrub or small tree
Bark – Smooth, grey and thin, with axillary or terminal thorns
Leaves – Opposite, oblong lanceolate, shining above, bright green beneath
Flower – Solitary, red coloured with numerous stamens, inferior ovary
Fruit – Globose
Seeds – With a watery outer coat, with pink juice and a horney inner coat

Useful parts

Phala twak (Rind)
Kandamula Twak (Stem and Root bark)
Pushpa (Flowers)

Matra (Dose)

Phala Rasa (Juice) – 20 – 50 ml
Phala twak kwatha (Decoction) – 40 – 80 ml

Sanskrit Verses

Pomegranate - Ayurveda benefits

Pomegranate fruit benefits

In south India, it is mixed with curd rice and consumed. It helps to aid in digestion. Qualities of pomegranate fruits is explained in Ayurveda based on its taste. Based on taste, it is classified into three categories.

Sweet pomegranate

Sweet pomegranate fruit benefits – Sweet pomegranates are having the rarest Tridosha balance effect. There are only a handful of herbs with Tridosha balance effect. (Amla fruit is another example)
The sweet pomegranate fruit is indicated to be taken during fever.
Trit hara, Daaha hara – It relieves excessive thirst and burning sensation.
It cleanses and clarifies oral cavity, throat, oesophagus stomach and chest.
Shukrala – It is a good natural aphrodisiac and improves sperm count and semen quality.
Laghu – It undergoes digestion very easily, very light on stomach.
It also has astringent taste, helps to relieve diarrhoea, useful in IBS, ulcerative colitis.
Medha balakara – It improves intelligence, immunity and body strength.
Hridya – Good for heart

Sweet-sour pomegranate

Sweet-Sour Pomegranate fruit benefits- Pomegranates having sweet and sour taste improves digestion power of stomach.
Ruchya  – Helps relieve anorexia, improves taste of food.
It slightly increases Pitta.

Sour pomegranate

Sour pomegranate fruit  – Pomegranate fruit having predominant sour taste increases Pitta to a greater extent. Hence, it is not indicated in bleeding disorders. But it balances Kapha and Vata. Sour pomegranate is ideal ingredient of diet in Rheumatoid arthritis.

Pomegranate benefits – Modern views

Modern science hails pomegranate benefits in many ways. Pomegranate is a proven rich source of anti oxidants, hence it is very good for heart. It is interesting to know that this finding matches with Hridya – protecting and promoting heart health claim by centuries old Ayurveda matches with the scientific research.

Pomegranate fruit is a good source of Vitamin C, B5, Polyphenols and Potassium.
Pomegranate benefits in wikipedia

It augments the digestive fire, is wholesome to the body; provides virility; relieves vomiting, loss of taste, inflammations and pitta type of fever. Soothes from the burning sensation inside the body, improves complexion of skin, provides physical energy, provides satiation when consumed in its ripened state. It at times acts as an absorbent in a milder form,  it soothes the throat in a person with cough.

Chemical composition

Pomegranate consists bioactive constituents such as hydrolyzable tannins, ellagic acid and its derivatives, gallic acid, anthocyanins, proanthocyanidins, flavonoids, vitamins,  sterols, lignans, saccharides, fatty acids, organic acids, terpenes, and terpenoids 

 Pharmacological activity

Punica granatum consists of antioxidant, anticarcinogenic,  anti-inflammatory properties, anti bacterial, antimicrobial, anti fungal, anti hypertensive  and antiproliferative properties


Punica granatum is native to Iran. It is cultivated throughout India


Punica granatum is a deciduous large shrub. Bark is smooth and grey in colour. Leaves are arranged opposite, glabarous above and dark green beneath. Flowers are small, short or without peduncle and reddish in color. Fruit is a berry, reddish in color, globose, odourless containing numerous seeds. Each seed is triangular shape, covered with watery outer coat containing pink juice.

Classical categorization

Kaiyadeva Nighantu – Aushadi varga
Raja Nighantu – Aamradi varga
Dhanvantari Nighantu – Shathapushpadi Nighantu
Madanaphala Nighantu – Phaladi varga

Side effects

Pomegranate side effects – It is known to cause constipation, hence is used as a home remedy for diarrhoea. But people with constipation need to watch out.

Types of Pomegranate

  1. Amla dadima
  2. Madhura dadima

According to Kaiyadeva nighantu  Amla dadima is of two types –
1. Ruksha amla
–  Pitta anila kopanam – Causes increase in pitta and vata dosha
2. Snigdha amla
– Pitta avirodhi – It does not cause imbalance in pitta dosha
– Na ati ushna – Neither cold nor hot
– Balances excess kapha and vata dosha.

According to Bhavaprakasha Nighantu, there are 3 types –

  1. Swadhu
  2. Swadhu amla
  3. Kevala amla

Interaction with medicines, supplements

Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.

Can this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.

With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.


Anti – obesity activity – The study on ‘Evidence of anti-obesity effects of the pomegranate leaf extract in high-fat diet induced obese mice’ have concluded that pomegranate leaf extract can inhibit the development of obesity and hyperlipidemia in high-fat diet induced obese mice. Thus the study proves pomegranate leaf extract has significant effect on obesity due to high fat diet.

Remedies for dysentery, bradycardia

Pomegranate for dysentery
The outer fruit cover of Pomegranate (Punica granatum) is made into a  decoction and administered (15-20 ml) repeatedly.

Its leaf decoction for food poisoning, diarrhea – Its leaves – dried and powdered. Taken in one tablespoon quantity, added with a cup of water, boiled for 5 – 10 minutes. Filtered. It is advised along with a little honey, in a dose of 30 ml, twice a day, before food for  5-7 days. 

Pomegranate remedy for bradycardia: 
In case of low pulse rate, Vaidyaraj Subhash Sharma has mentioned about the below remedy:
Akarakara churna is mixed along with Pushkaramoola churna, Shrunga Bhasma and Vamsha lochana. It is administered one hour before food along with pomegranate juice, twice a day. Consult a doctor before following this or any other remedies.

Ayurvedic medicines

Ayurvedic products with Pomegranate as an ingredient –
Herbal powders: 

Dadima Chatusama churna,
Dadimashtaka churna,
Lavan Bhaskar Churna
Alcoholic preparation: Mritasanjeevani Sura
Ghee preparation: Dadimadi Ghrita
Herbal powder – Yavanyadi choorna

Ayurvedic medicine, traditionally advised along with pomegranate juice is – Narayana Churna

Pomegranates, raw

Taste – sweet, astringent
Properties – light, unctuous
Potency – not very hot
After digestion taste transformation (Vipaka) – sweet, sour
Effect on Doshas
Vata balancing
Pitta balancing
Kapha balancing

Pomegranate juice, bottled

Taste – sweet, astringent
Properties – light, unctuous
Potency – not very hot
After digestion taste transformation (Vipaka)  – sweet, sour
Effect on Doshas
Vata balancing
Pitta balancing
Kapha balancing

30 thoughts on “Pomegranate Benefits, Home Remedies, Side Effects”

  1. hi ..
    can pregnant lady take pomegranate during their pregnancy ? is it true can make child look radiant by taking this fruit??

    • It is very useful in the following ways.
      1. Pomegranate is rich in anti oxidants, hence keeps the internal organs healthy and strong. Keeps the energy levels up in diabetics.
      2. Pomegranates strengthen vessel walls and induces quick healing of wounds, and hence helpful in diabetes, where wounds take a long time to heal.

  2. Along with other regular spices in tadka while cooking daal/vegetables, does putting ‘anardaana’ help? What are its benefits?

    • Because Anar daana is a fruit that can be readily used, I do not think frying it in the form of tadka is required. Even in many Indian dishes, wherever it is used, it is used fresh.

  3. Patanjali digestive pachak anardana increases dogestive power but will it increse pitta at the same time??

    • Anar Dana – sweet pomegranate calms Pitta.
      Hence, Patanjali Pachak Anardana though increases digestion strength, the sweetness of pomegranate would avoid excess increase of Pitta Dosha.

  4. Dear Dr Hebbar,

    What is better for constipation in Kapha/Pitta individial – Apple or pomegranates?

    Which of above create for more Vata?


  5. Can we take triphala with milk, since triphala contains amla and amla (being sour) is incompatible with milk. Thanks.

  6. Hi doctor,
    You mention that pomegrante and amla are the few foods that balance all 3 doshas. Please provide us with a list of the remaining foods that balance all 3 doshas.

  7. can diabetic person take one pomogranate fruit a day if diabetic person eats a pomogranate a day, his / her blood sugar will increase

  8. V.R.K. Raman.
    Query from: Your answer.
    1. Shubam. Triphala can be taken with a
    cup of milk at night after food.

    2. Raj. Triphala is not to be taken with milk.

    Pl. clarify.
    Thanking you

  9. Thank you Dr for your phenomenal contributions to the public interest.

    Could you suggest some food items like Amla and pomegranate that balance all the doshas simultaneously .

    Thank You

    • Triphala, haritaki fruit, rock salt etc. But we need not go behind just the Tridoshic items.
      A food combination with some Vata balancing, some pitta balancing and some kapha balancing items, combined together is also very good.

  10. I have digestion issues. It takes 2 to 5 times to clear the stomach (also bloating, gas). Can I eat pomegranate instead of dinner? Half pomegranate?

    • It is more useful in IBS, gas formation and Diarrhea.
      A tablespoon of powdered peel is added with a cup of water, boiled for 2 minutes, filtered and consumed when still lukewarm. This can be consumed by adults, once or twice a day.


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