This article explains Madava nidana 63rdchapter “Yoni Kanda Nidanam”. Causes, pathology and symptoms of Yoni Kanda are explained in this chapter. Yoni Kanda means a disease of vulva or lower vaginal canal.
Etiological factors of Yonikanda
Etiological factors – excessive sleeping during the daytime, excessive (frequent episodes) of anger, indulgence in excessive exercises (physical strain) and sexual intercourse, injury (to the vagina) by nails, teeth and other foreign bodies
Pathogenesis, nature and form of yonikanda – the above-mentioned etiological factors cause excessive (abnormal) increase of vata and other doshas (pitta and kapha). These doshas produce a mass in the vagina which has the size and shape of a jujube fruit, round, having the colour of pus mixed blood. This is known as Yonikanda. (1-2)
Yonikanda Bheda, Lakshana
Types and symptoms of Yonikanda
Vataja Yonikanda – Yonikanda caused by increased vata is dry, discoloured and fissured.
Pittaja Yonikanda – Yonikanda caused by increased pitta presents with burning sensation, redness and fever.
Kaphaja Yonikanda – Yonikanda caused by increased kapha has colour of nilapuspa i.e. flower of atasi (linseed) and has itching.
Sannipataja Yonikanda – In Yonikanda caused by the increase of all the three doshas together, the symptoms of all the three doshas are seen together. (3-4)
Thus ends the chapter on Yoni Kanda Nidanam in Madhava Nidana text written by Acharya Madhavakara.