By Dr Renita D’Souza
Peanut, also well known as groundnut is an important oilseed crop and the best natural source for fat and protein. It is used as food for both humans and animals. It also possesses medicinal value and used to treat inflammation, diabetes, cancer, alzheimer’s and gallstone. They are also used as paints, lubricants and insecticides. Groundnut seeds contain 44-56% oil. Dry seed contains 22-30% of protein.
Read – Ayurveda Mahodadhi: Legumes Green Gram, Chickpea, Peas
Table of Contents
Botanical Name – Arachis hypogaea L.
Synonyms – Arachidna hypogaea (L.) Moench, Arachis africana Lour, A. americana Ten, A. asiatica Lour.
Family – Leguminosae
Arachis hypogaea L. is an annual erect/prostrate/ spreading crop which grows up to 30-50 cm in height. Leaves compound and arranged opposite. Leaflets are even in number and elliptical in shape. Flowers are yellow in color, arranged in axillary clusters. Pods develop underground contain one to three seeds. Each seed is surrounded by thin papery seed coat.
Read – Green Pea (Matar) Medicinal Qualities, Uses, Research
Arachis hypogaea L. is found native to South America. It is cultivated in all tropical and sub-tropical regions.
Arachis hypogaea L possess Panaleptic, Antiaggregant, Antiapoptotic, Anticariogenic, Antidiabetic, Antidote, Antidote, Anti-inflammatory, Antiischemic, Antioxidant, Antiparkinsonian, Antiradicular, Antitumor, Anxiolytic, Aperient, Aphrodisiac, Apoptotic, Astringent, Bechic, Cardio protective, Cerebro protective, Chemo-preventive, COX-2-Inhibitor, Cyanogenetic, Demulcent, Diuretic, Emollient, Estrogenic, Febrifuge, Fungicide, Goitrogenic, Hemostat, Hypocholesterolemic, Hypotensive, Hypothermic, Hypotriglyceridemic, Ios-Inhibitor, Lactagogue, Laxative, Litholytic, Neuro protective, Noinhibitor, Osteogenic, Pancrea protective, Pectoral, Peptic, Radioprotective, Serotoninergic, Tonic, Vasoconstrictor and Vasorelaxant.
Read – Chickpea (Bengal gram) – Qualities, Uses, Remedies, Types, Research
Arachis hypogaea L. seeds contain palmitic, oleic and linoleic acids. It also possesses Vitamins E, K, and B and other essential minerals such as phosphorus, calcium, magnesium and potassium
Oil, Seeds, Leaves
Peanut oil/Groundnut oil
Peanuts have high oil content. Peanut oil is stable at high temperature and has higher smoke point due to which it is used worldwide as the best cooking oil. It has high ratio of oleic and linoleic fatty acids which results in a better storage quality of oil and longer shelf-life of the products. (Read more)
Arachis hypogaea contains flavonoids, phenolic acids, phytosterols, alkaloids and stilbenes.
Antifungal Activity – A research study conducted to evaluate antifungal efficacy of UPL-Pn-2 peanut seed extract against dandruff causing fungus, Malassezia globose have shown its maximum antifungal activity against Malassezia globos.
Patanjali Tasty Peanuts Namkeen – Healthy tasty snack
Patanjali Ground Nut Oil – It is low in saturated fat and free from cholesterol
Hairbac Hair Oil – It is used for hairfall, dandruff and grey hairs.
Domain – Eukaryota
Kingdom – Plantae
Phylum – Spermatophyta
Subphylum – Angiospermae
Class – Dicotyledonae
English Name – Peanut, Monkey nut
Sanskrit Name –
Hindi Name – Chinabadam, Mungphali
Kannada Name – Nelagadale
Gujarati Name – Magaphali, Singdana
Malayalam Name – Kappalanti, Nilakatala
Marathi Name – Badamchini, Bhuimuga
Tamil Name – Nila Kadalai, Nilakkadalai, Verkkadalai, Ver Kadalai, Kadalai, Kadalai Kottai
Telugu Name – Nelakadale
French Name – Arachide
Spanish Name – Mani, Cacahuete
Italian Name – Pistacchio di terra
German Name – Erdnuss
Portugese – Amendoim
Arabic Name – Fustic Swdani, Fustik Abeed
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