Raktapitta Causes, Symptoms, Pathology, Treatment, Medicines, Remedies

Article by Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ay) & Dr Manasa, B.A.M.S
Raktapitta is a bleeding disorder wherein the blood (rakta) vitiated by pitta flows out of the orifices (openings) of the body. Bleeding occurs due to some internal cause or as an effect of some chronic and stubborn diseases and importantly in the absence of injury. 

Related Reading Raktapitta: Cluster Of Bleeding Disorders: Meaning, Definition

Causes

Nidana (Causes) of Raktapitta
Below mentioned are the causes (etiological factors) of Raktapitta disease –

  • Gharma / Aatapa – Excessive exposure to heat of Sun
  • Vyaayaama – Excessive physical exercise
  • Shoka – Excessive grief
  • Adhwa – Excessive walking
  • Vyavaaya – Excessive indulgence in sexual activities
  • Teekshna – Excessive consumption of intense, strong and damaging foods
  • Ushna – Excessive consumption of hot foods (hot to touch)
  • Kshaara – Excessive consumption of alkalis or alkaline foods
  • Lavana – Excessive consumption of salts or salty foods (or tastes)
  • Amla – Excessive consumption of sour foods (or tastes)
  • Katu – Excessive consumption of pungent and spicy foods (or tastes)
  • Vidahi Anna – Corrosive food

Gross causative factors –
According to Charaka,

  • Urdhwaga Raktapitta (raktapitta in which the bleeding of contaminated blood takes place in the upward directions and from upward passages or orifices) is caused by Snigdha-Ushna sevana (consumption of unctuous and hot foods together)
  • Adhoga Raktapitta (raktapitta in which the bleeding of contaminated blood takes place in the downward directions and from downward passages or orifices) is caused by Ruksha-Ushna sevana (consumption of dry and hot foods together)

Pathogenesis

Samprapti (Pathogenesis) of Raktapitta
Why does Raktapitta occur?
The disease Raktapitta develops and manifests as the pathogenesis runs through the below mentioned steps in that order –

  • Pitta aggravated by the above said causes leaves its sites and reaches rakta (blood).
  • Being a mala (waste product) of rakta, the pitta on getting mixed with rakta attains quantitative increase.
  • The pitta in turn vitiates the rakta. Due to the heat of Pitta, the drava dhatu or the liquid portion (fluid) of other tissues like mamsa (muscles), meda (fat) etc oozes out of their respective tissues and gets admixed with rakta.
  • This further enhances the quantity of rakta, beyond the limits of normal quantity.
  • This also enhances the quantity of blood flowing in the blood vessels creating immense pressure in the blood vessels.
  • Due to the pressure of the blood and heat of pitta, the walls of the blood vessels get damaged and the blood starts flowing through various openings of the body.
  • Bleeding occurs through mouth, nose, ears, eyes, skin, anus, penis and vagina.
  • This bleeding of blood vitiated by pitta through various orifices of the body is called Raktapitta.

Acharya Sushruta explains the Samprapti (pathogenesis) of Raktapitta in a simple way and tells –
The pitta which becomes vidagdha (burnt or corroded) by the above mentioned etiological factors quickly reaches the rakta (blood) and causes its vidaha (burns the blood). This rakta contaminated by vikrita (vitiated) and vidagdha pitta flows out of the orifices in the upward or downward or in both directions. While flowing upwards, the bleeding in raktapitta occurs through nasa (nasal openings), akshi (eyes), karna (ears) and aasya (mouth). The raktapitta flowing downwards bleeds through medhra (urinary passages in men and women), yoni (vagina in women) and guda (anal opening). Severely aggravated raktapitta moves side-ways and bleeds through the orifices in the skin (romakupas)

Premonitory symptoms

Poorvarupa (premonitory symptoms) of Raktapitta

  • Ananna abhilasha – loss of interest in food
  • Bhuktasya vidaha – burning (very quick digestion?) of consumed food
  • Shukta amla gandha – smell of sour fermented liquid (from the mouth)
  • Shukta amla rasa – taste of sour fermented liquid (sour and fermented liquid) from the mouth
  • Shukta amla udgaara – sour belching or belching having taste of fermented liquid
  • Abheekshna chardi – severe, uncontrolled and projectile vomiting
  • Charditasya bheebatsataa – scary look and gesture of the person who has vomited
  • Swara bheda – hoarseness of voice
  • Gaatra sadana – feeling of tiredness in the whole body
  • Paridaaha – feeling of burning sensation in the body
  • Mukhaad dhuma aagamana iva – feeling as if the fumes are coming out of the mouth
  • Loha gandha – smell of iron from the mouth
  • Lohita gandha – smell of blood from the mouth
  • Matsya gandha – smell of fish (fishy odor) from the mouth
  • Rakta harita haaridratwam anga avayava shakrut mootra sweda laalaa singhaanaka aasya karna mala – Reddish, greenish and turmeric colored discoloration of body, body parts, feces, urine, sweat, saliva, nasal dirt or discharges, oral dirt or discharges and ear discharges
  • Anga vedana – body pains
  • Lohit neela peeta shyaavaanaam archishyataam cha roopaanaam swapne darshanam abheekshnam iti – ferocious and scary figures having red, blue, yellow or bluish black color are seen in dreams
  • Shiro gurutwam – heaviness of head (Vagbhata)
  • Aruchi – tastelessness (Vagbhata)
  • Kasa – cough (Vaghata)
  • Shwasa – dyspnoea, shortness of breath (Vagbhata)
  • Bhrama – giddiness (Vagbhata)
  • Klama – fatigue (Vagbhata)
  • Sheeta kaamitwam (Sushruta)

Routes and Dosha association


Raktapitta Marga and Dosha samsarga (Routes of Raktapitta and dosha association)
Based on the direction of flow of vitiated blood (blood vitiated by pitta), Raktapitta is said to be of 2 types i.e.

Urdhwa Raktapitta Raktapitta in which bleeding occurs in upward direction, from orifices in the upper parts of the body. Caused by Snigdha Ushna Sevana – associated with Kapha Dosha. Leads to movement of Rakta in upward direction and bleeding through nostrils, eyes, ears, nose.

Adhoga Raktapitta Raktapitta in which bleeding occurs in downward direction, from orifices in the lower parts of the body. Caused by Ruksha Ushna sevana, associated with Vata Dosha. Leads to downward movement of Rakta and bleeding through urinary passages, vagina, anal orifice.

Ubhaya margaga Raktapitta – Caused by combination of the above two, with influence of Vata and kapha Dosha. Leads to movement of Rakta in both upper and lower direction and leads bleeding through all orifices. mentioned passages.

Classification

Classification of Raktapitta
Raktapitta is classified as follows –
Based on the direction of bleeding:

  • Urdhwaga Raktapitta
  • Adhoga Raktapitta

Based on the dosha predominance:

  • Kaphaja
  • Vataja
  • Pittaja
  • Vata-Pittaja
  • Vata-Kaphaja
  • Kapha-Pittaja
  • Tridoshaja Raktapitta

Symptoms

Lakshanas (symptoms) of Doshaja Raktapitta
Kaphaja Raktapitta – In the raktapitta associated with kapha, the blood is thick (Sandra), pale (pandu varna) and unctuous (snigdha).

Vataja Raktapitta

In the raktapitta associated with Vata, the blood will be blackish blue or blackish brown (shyava) or reddish yellow or golden yellow (aruna) in color, thin / dilute (tanu), dry (ruksha) and associated with froth (sa phenam)

Pittaja Raktapitta

In the Raktapitta associated with Pitta, the blood will have black (Krishna) or decoction like (kashayabham) color. The blood resembles the urine of cow (gomutra sannibham), with mixture of many colors (mechaka). It will also have resemblance with agara dhuma (soot of chimney) and collyrium (anjanabham).

Dwandwaja Raktapitta

(Raktapitta having association of 2 doshas) – In Vatapittaja, Vatakaphaja and Kaphapittaja Raktapittas, symptoms of 2 doshas will be present in mixed proportions

Sannipataja Raktapitta

Sannipataja or Tridoshaja Raktapitta – In Raktapitta caused by association of all the 3 doshas, the symptoms of all the 3 doshas will be present in mixed proportions

Treatment Principles Of Raktapitta

Article by Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ay) & Dr Manasa, B.A.M.S
Raktapitta is a bleeding disorder in which the blood contaminated by vitiated Pitta bleeds through the orifices of the body, both in upward and downward directions, including the skin orifices. 

Related Reading Raktapitta: Cluster Of Bleeding Disorders: Meaning, Definition

Raktapitta is a clinical emergency
Raktapitta is a clinical emergency and should be treated as quickly as possible, without any delay. Otherwise it is going to cause serious threat to life.

Sanskrit verse

Acharya Charaka mentions Raktapitta as a Mahagada (disease which is difficult to manage) and calls for quick action.

Charaka –
Raktapitta is a Mahagada (dreadful disease) which has Mahavega (having severe intensity in terms of heavy bleeding which is life-threatening) and is Sheeghrakari (that which destroys the body quickly just as a small spark of fire destroys a big heap of grass, i.e. quickly brings about death of an individual). Therefore a wise physician who has a clear-cut knowledge of the causative factors and signs and symptoms of raktapitta, i.e. a physician who has skills of diagnosing this condition as quickly as possible should treat it immediately, without any delay.

Treatment principles

Principles of treatment of Raktapitta

Nidana parivarjana

Nidana Parivarjanam – Avoiding the causative factors is the key
In any disease, avoiding the causative factors is considered as the prime approach towards healing. Even in Raktapitta this rule holds good. The patients of Raktapitta desirous of good health and life should keep away all the causative factors which are mentioned in Raktapitta Nidana i.e. causes of Raktapitta. These include foods and lifestyle practices which cause vitiation of pitta and rakta (blood).
Read related: Raktapitta Causes, Premonitory Symptoms, Symptoms, Pathogenesis 

Stambhana

Stambhana – Bleeding should not be stopped initially
In the initial stages of Raktapitta, stambhana treatment – measures targeting stoppage of bleeding should not be given. Since in Raktapitta it is not the pure blood but in fact is the blood contaminated with pitta that is flowing through bleeding, stambhana should not be given. The blood should be allowed to flow if the strength, muscle bulk and appetite of the patient has been preserved and are in good condition. In weak people stambhana should be immediately given.
Read related: Stambhana in Raktapitta: Styptic Therapy In Bleeding Disorders

Langhana, Tarpana & Peya – Lightening and Nutritive Therapies, Digestive liquid diets (gruels)
After allowing the bleeding to occur in the initial phases of Raktapitta, the below mentioned strategies should be planned.

Langhana

Lightening treatment to digest ama (unprocessed digestive juices in circulation, caused due to sluggish digestion) are administered initially
Read related: Langhana Therapy – A Unique Ayurvedic Treatment Principle

Tarpana

After Langhana, Tarpana – nutritious herbal drinks and diet including vegetables and meat (and meat soup) should be administered in Urdhwaga Raktapitta (Raktapitta having upward course)

Tarpana is given in different forms. They are –

  • Tarpana in the form of medicated drinks
  • Tarpana in the form of Yavagu (medicated gruels)
  • Tarpana in the form of Ahara (diet, including leafy vegetables, dhanya i.e. grain, food, mamsarasa i.e. meat soup etc)

Peya

Digestive liquid diet especially in the form of gruels should be given after Langhana in Adhoga Raktapitta (Raktapitta having downward course)
Read related: Role of Langhana, Tarpana and Peya in the treatment of Raktapitta

Diet in Raktapitta

Nutrition is essential in Raktapitta to combat complications of bleeding, to regularize metabolism and to provide strength to the patient.

Bhojana is provided in different forms, mainly in the form of Tarpana as mentioned above. Ayurveda has given a gist of essential and beneficial dietetic inclusions in Raktapitta. They are –

  • Yavagu – medicated gruels
  • Anna – cooked rice
  • Shaka – Leafy vegetables and food stuff prepared from them
  • Yusha Supa – Drinks and soups
  • Dhanya – Grains and millets and food stuff prepared from them
  • Mamsarasa – meat soup

Yusha, Shaka, Mamsarasa

Preference of Yusha, Shaka and Mamsarasa in Raktapitta

  • In Raktapitta having Kapha Anubandha (association of kapha) i.e. Urdhwaga Raktapitta (Raktapitta having upward course, bleeding through nose, ears, eyes, mouth) – Yusha (soups and drinks) and Shaka (leafy vegetables and dishes prepared from the same) shall be used
  • In Vata Anubandha Raktapitta (Raktapitta associated with Vata) i.e. Adhoga Raktapitta (Raktapitta having downward course, bleeding through anus, urinary tract and vagina) – Mamsa rasa (meat soup) should be preferably administered

Management of thirst

Principles of management of thirst in Raktapitta
Thirst is a common complaint in Raktapitta. This occurs due to severe blood loss and fluid loss. Thirst should be managed with top priority.

After having analyzed the strength of dosha, associated doshas (Kapha, Vata), atura bala (strength of the patient) and ahara shakti of the patient (capacity to take food), water shall be given as and when desired until the thirst comes down and the patient starts feeling better. Alternatively, small quantities of water shall be fed to the patient at regular intervals.

In presence of thirst in Raktapitta below mentioned forms of water should be given –

  • Water processed with bitter tasting herbs
  • Juices of fruits which alleviate thirst
  • Vidarigandhadi Gana sidda jala – Water processed with Vidarigandha group of herbs
  • Shruta sheeta jala – Boiled and cold water
  • Hreeberadi Paniya – Water processed with Hrivera (Coleus vettiveroides / Pavonia odorata), Raktachandana (Red Sandalwood), Usheera (Vetiveria zizanioides), Musta (Cyperus rotundus) and Parpataka (Fumaria parviflora)

Shodhana

Shodhana in Raktapitta (Panchakarma in Raktapitta)
Shodhana, especially Vamana (therapeutic emesis) and Virechana (therapeutic purgation) should be given in Raktapitta in patients whose bala (strength) and mamsa (muscle mass) are not reduced, if the Raktapitta is caused due to santarpana (excessive saturation), if there is bahu dosha (excessive morbidity) in the body of the patient, if there are no associated upadravas (complications) and if the patient is an eligible candidate to undergo Shodhana.

Pratimarga harana

Pratimarga Harana Chikitsa
In the treatment of Raktapitta, the doshas should be expelled from the opposite route of their course (opposite to the direction of bleeding). Following this pattern, Virechana should be administered in Urdhwaga Raktapitta (bleeding in upper passages, in upward direction) and Vamana should be administered in Adhoga Raktapitta (bleeding in lower passages, in downward direction).

After Vamana, Tarpana i.e. nourishing drinks and food should be administered in Urdhwaga Raktapitta and Yavagu, i.e. gruels (when Vayu is in control) or mamsarasa i.e. meat-soup (in vitiation of vata) should be administered in Adhoga Raktapitta.

Samshamani kriya

Samshamani Kriya
Medicines and formulations to pacify vitiated Pitta should be administered as a part of Samshamani Kriya. In this, many formulations including herbal teas, powders etc are administered. Samshamani also includes disease modifying medicines.

Mutramarga gata Raktapitta

Management of Mutramarga gata raktapitta (bleeding from urinary tract)
Shatavari Gokshura siddha ksheera – Milk processed with decoction of Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus) and Gokshura (Tribulus terrestris)

Chaturparni siddha ksheera – Milk processed with Shalaparni (Desmodium gangeticum), Prishniparni (Uraria picta), Mudgaparni (Phaseolus trilobus) and Mashaparni (Teramnus labialis)

Gudamarga gata Raktapitta

Management of Guda marga gata raktapitta (bleeding from rectum)
Mocharasa siddha ksheera – Milk processed with paste of Mocharasa (Gum of silk cotton tree)
Vata siddha ksheera – Milk processed with paste of shoots of Vata (Banyan tree)

Hreeveradi kalka siddha ksheera – Milk processed with paste of Hrivera (Coleus vettiveroides, Pavonia odorata), Neela utpala (blue variety of lotus) and Nagara (ginger)

Nasagata Raktapitta

Management of Nasa gata raktapitta (bleeding from nose)
Bleeding of blood contaminated with pitta from the nose is called Nasagata Raktapitta. This condition is categorized as subtype of Urdhwaga Raktapitta and should be addressed immediately.

Ghrita in Raktapitta

Use of herbal ghee in in Raktapitta
Medicated ghee should be used in Raktapitta to combat severe and stubborn bleeding. Some of the Ghritas which are highly beneficial in Raktapitta are –

  • Vasa Ghrita
  • Palasha Ghrita
  • Vatsaka Ghrita
  • Trayamana Ghrita
  • Audumbara Ghrita etc

Kshara in Raktapitta

Use of Kshara (alkalis) in Raktapitta
Kshara – alkalis should be used in Kaphanubandha Raktapitta (Raktapitta associated with kapha). When Kapha gets associated with Raktapitta, the blood gets clogged (clot) and blocked in the throat. Kshara should be used in this condition. The Ksharas of the below mentioned should be used in grathita raktapitta –

  • Utpala nala kshara – alkali prepared from petioles of water lily
  • Padhmaka kesara Kshara – alkali prepared from stamens of lotus
  • Mrunala Nala Kshara – alkali prepared from petioles of Mrunala, variety of lotus
  • Utpala kesara kshara – alkali prepared from stamens of water lily or blue variety of lotus
  • Palasha kshara – alkali prepared from Butea monosperma
  • Priyangu kshara – alkali prepared from Callicarpa macrophylla
  • Madhooka Kshara – alkali prepared from Madhooka longifolia
  • Asana kshara – alkali prepared from Pterocarpus marsupium

Bahya Chikitsa

Bahya Chikitsa (external treatments) in Raktapitta
Though Raktapitta is a bleeding disorder in which the bleeding should be controlled from within, external treatments are equally necessary to combat pitta and rakta. The external maneuvers include abhyanga, parishechana (sprinkling of medicated fluids over the body), pradeha (anointment of medicated pastes), sheeta upachara (cold comforts) etc.

Samshamani Kriya indicated conditions

Conditions for administration of Samshamani Kriya
In patients of Raktapitta, Samshamani Kriya should be advised (implemented) in the below mentioned conditions – 

  • Bala mamsa pariksheenam – Loss of Bala (strength) and Mamsa (muscle bulk
  • Shoka karshitam – patient emaciated due to excess grief
  • Bhara karshitam – patient emaciated due to carrying excessive and heavy weights
  • Adhwa karshitam – patient emaciated due to excessive walking
  • Jwalana Santapta – fire burns
  • Aditya santapta – sun burns
  • Anyaihi aamayaihi ksheenam – patient emaciated due to chronic or long standing illnesses
  • Garbhini – pregnant woman
  • Sthaviram – old aged people
  • Baalam – children
  • Ruksha ashinam – those eating dry foods
  • Alpa ashinam – those eating less quantity of food
  • Pramita ashinam – limited diet or food
  • Avamyam – patients in whom Vamana cannot be administered (or not fit for vamana)
  • Avirechyam – patients in whom Virechana cannot be administered (or not fit for virechana)
  • Shosha anubandha – when raktapitta is associated with shosha or rajayakshma (wasting diseases, tuberculosis, phthisis)

Shamshamani Kriya comprises of administering medicines, herbs and formulations which have disease modifying effect (action) especially in the presence of the above said conditions.
Read related: Tarpana and Ahara in the treatment of Raktapitta

Medicines and formulations

Samshamani Kriya – Medicines and Formulations for Raktapitta
Kwathas (herbal decoctions)
Atarooshakadi Kwatham – Decoction or infusion of Vasa Patra (leaves of Adhatoda vasica), Mrudwika (raisins) and Haritaki (Terminalia chebula) mixed with sugar and honey

Padhmakadi Kwatham – Paste of Padhma kashta (stem of Prunus cerasoides), Padhma kinjalka(stamens of lotus flower), Durva (Cynodon dactylon), Vastuka (Lamb’s quarter, Wild spinach, Chenopodium album), Utpalam (blue variety of lotus, water lily), Nagakeshara (Mesua ferrea) and Lodhra (Symplocos racemosa) mixed in decoction of Vasa (Adhatoda vasica)

Prapaundarika (Nymphaea lotus) and Madhuka (Licorice)

Bala Kwatha – Decoction of Bala (Sida cordifolia) mixed with powder of mudga (green gram), laja (parched rice, puffed paddy), yava (barley), pippali (long pepper), ushira (Vetiveria zizanioides), Musta (Cyperus rotundus) and Chandana (sandalwood)

Shakrud Rasa Yoga (formulations in fluid extract or liquid portion of animal feces)

Paste of Prapaundarika (Nymphaea lotus) and Madhuka (Licorice) mixed in Ashwa Shakrud Rasa (liquid portion of horse feces)

Paste of Yavasa mula (root of Alhagi camelorum) and Bhringaraja mula (root of Eclipta alba) mixed in Go shakrud rasa (liquid portion of cow feces), should be taken with rice wash water

Gomaya shakrid rasa (liquid portion of cow feces) and Ashwa shakrid rasa (liquid portion of horse feces) mixed with honey and ghee

Churna (herbal powders)
Khadiradi Churna – Powder of Khadira (Acacia catechu), Priyangu (Callicarpa macrophylla), Kovidara (Bauhinia variegata) and Shalmali (flowers of Salmalia malabarica) mixed with honey

Sringatakadi Churnam – Powder of Shringataka (Trapa bispinosa), Laja (puffed paddy), Musta (Cyperus rotundus), Kharjura (dates) and Kamala kesara (stamens of lotus flower) mixed with honey

Ushiradi Churnam – Powder of:

  • Ushira (Vetiveria zizanioides)
  • Kaaleeyaka (Yellow sandalwood)
  • Lodhra (Symplocos racemosa)
  • Padhma kashta (stem of Prunus cerasoides)
  • Priyangu (Callicarpa macrophylla)
  • Katphala (Myrica nagi)
  • Shanka bhasma (ash of conch)
  • Gairika (red ochre)
  • Chandana (lotus)

The powder of the above said should be taken mixed with tandula dhavana (rice wash) and sharkara (sugar)

The above mentioned churna can be taken as a whole formulation or individual herbs mentioned in the formulation can be taken in the below mentioned forms –

  • Sheeta Kalpana – The churna or powder of individual ingredients shall be dipped in water overnight, filtered and taken first thing in the morning
  • Swarasa – Fresh juice of all or individual ingredients
  • Kalka – Paste of all or individual ingredients
  • Mrudita or Phanta – Hot infusion of all or individual herbs
  • Kwatha – Decoction of all or individual herbs (ingredients)

Peya

Peya in Raktapitta (drink)
Usheeradi Peya – Drink made out of Ushira (Vetiveria zizanioides), Padma (lotus), Utpala (water lily) and Chandana (sandalwood) prepared after dipping the powders of these herbs in water overnight and filtering them should be taken after adding sugar and honey, first thing in the morning

Loshta Peya – Drink made after immersing Pakwa Loshta (powder of new earthen pot) in water overnight and filtering it should be taken after adding sugar and honey, first thing in the morning

Priyangwadi Peya – Drink made after immersing Priyangu (Callicarpa macrophylla), Chandana (sandalwood), Lodhra (Symplocos racemosa), Sariva (Hemidesmus indicus), Madhooka (Madhuca longifolia), Musta (Cyperus rotundus), Abhaya (Terminalia chebula) and Dhataki (Woodfordia fruticosa) mixed with Loshta Jala (water dipped with powder of earthen pot) and Shashtika Jala (water washed with rice grown in 60 days) should be taken mixed with sugar

Management of Vatanubandha

In spite of the agni (digestion, metabolism) getting rectified and kapha getting pacified after the administration of Kashayas and other Samshamani Kriyas, if the raktapitta doesn’t get alleviated and if bleeding keeps recurring it indicates the association of vitiated Vata i.e. Vata has not been taken into control (Vatanubandha).

To control Vata and to stop the bleeding, the below mentioned measures shall be done –

Chaga paya – Initially goat’s milk should be given mixed with sugar and honey
Go dugdha – Cow’s milk processed with 5 times water should be given mixed with sugar and honey

Vidarigandhadi gana (Laghu Panchamula or lesser 5 roots) siddha dugdha – Milk processed with Laghu Panchamula should be given mixed with sugar and honey

Draksha Shrutam Paya – Milk processed with draksha (raisins) mixed with sugar
Nagara Shrutam Paya – Milk processed with nagara (ginger) mixed with sugar
Bala Shrutam Paya – Milk processed with roots of bala (Sida cordifolia) mixed with sugar
Gokshura Shrutam Paya – Milk processed with gokshura (Tribulus terrestris) mixed with sugar

Jeevaka Rishabhaka Shrutam Paya – Milk processed with jeevaka (Malaxis acuminata) and rishabhaka (Manilkara hexandra) mixed with ghee of cow and sugar

Ghritas in Raktapitta

Medicated Ghee is very useful in severe bleeding related to Raktapitta, especially bleeding from urinary tract, rectum and nose. Below mentioned are the most effective ghritas (ghee) in Raktapitta.

Vasa Ghrita – Ghee prepared with kwatha (decoction) of branches, leaves and roots of Vasa plant (Adhatoda vasica). This ghee should be taken mixed with honey.

Palasha siddha ghrita – Ghee processed with juice and paste of leaves and petioles of Palasha (Butea monosperma) should be given mixed with ¼ the quantity of honey

Vatsaka Ghrita – Ghee processed with paste of Vatsaka (seeds of Holarrhena antidysenterica)

Samangadi Ghrita – Ghee processed with Samanga (Mimosa pudica), Utpala (water lily) and Lodhra (Symplocos racemosa) should be given mixed with ¼ the quantity of honey

Trayamana Ghrita – Ghee processed with Trayamana (Gentiana kurroo) should be given mixed with ¼ the quantity of honey

Udumbara-Patola Ghrita – Ghee processed with Udumbara (Ficus racemosa) and Patola (Pointed gourd) should be given mixed with ¼ the quantity of honey

Shatavaryadi Ghrita – Ghee processed with Shatavari (Asparagus racemosa), Dadima Pushpa (flowers of pomegranate), Tintideeka (Rhus parviflora), Kakoli (Roscaea procera), Meda (Polygonatum cirrhifolium), Yashtimadhu (Licorice), Vidarikanda (Pueraria tuberosa) & Phalapuraka (Citrus medica)

Traditional formulations

Traditional formulations (classical medicines) for Raktapitta

  • Bolabaddha Rasa
  • Chandrakala Rasa
  • Pravala Panchamrita
  • Raktapittantaka Lauha
  • Kamadhgha Rasa
  • Godanti Bhasma
  • Pravala Pishti
  • Usheerasava
  • Lodhrasava
  • Pushyanuga Churna

Proprietary medicines

  • Tab Ayapon (Alarsin)
  • Tab Caparin (Arya)
  • Cap Point (Ayulabs)
  • Tab Posex Forte (Charak)
  • Tab Styplon (Himalaya)
  • Liquid Surodhini (Nanjangud)
  • Liquid Ultivin (Imis)
  • Tab Arshonyt (Charak)
  • Tab Pilex (Himalaya)
  • Tab Pilocure (Alopa)
  • Cap Pilogems (Fort Herbal)
  • Cap Pilonil (Dindayal)
  • Tab Pilorid (Nagarjuna)
  • Tab Pirrhoids (Baidyanath)
  • Cap Pylapy (Capro)
  • Tab Rectacare (Anuja)
  • Tab Rectocare (Bacfo)
  • Tab Peptilin (Arya)
  • Tab Berb-Enterone (Sandu)
  • Cap Bilva (Vitalcare)
  • Tab Diarex (Himalaya)
  • Cap Dicinil (Fizikem)
  • Tab Entoform (Manil)
  • Tab Entostal (Solumiks)
  • Tab Kosht-Sanjivini (Pavaman)
  • Tab Kutajadi (Pavaman)
  • Cap Mebarid (Phyto Pharma)

Single herbs

Single herbs useful in Raktapitta

  • Vasa – Adhatoda vasica
  • Shatavari – Asparagus racemosa
  • Kutaja – Holarrhena antidysenterica
  • Vatsaka – Seeds of Holarrhena antidysenterica
  • Yashtimadhu – Licorice
  • Udumbara – Ficus racemosa
  • Trayamana – Gentiana kurroo
  • Samanga – Mimosa pudica
  • Utpala – water lily
  • Padhma kinjalka – stamens of lotus flower
  • Kamala kesara – stamens of lotus flower
  • Padma – lotus
  • Padhma kashta – stem of Prunus cerasoides
  • Utpala – water lily
  • Lodhra – Symplocos racemosa
  • Palasha – Butea monosperma
  • Jeevaka – Malaxis acuminate
  • Rishabhaka – Manilkara hexandra
  • Gokshura – Tribulus terrestris
  • Bala – Sida cordifolia
  • Draksha – raisins
  • Laghu Panchamula lesser 5 roots
  • Go dugdha – Milk of Cow
  • Chaga Paya – Milk of goat
  • Priyangu – Callicarpa macrophylla
  • Chandana – sandalwood
  • Sariva – Hemidesmus indicus
  • Madhooka – Madhuca longifolia
  • Musta – Cyperus rotundus
  • Abhaya – Terminalia chebula
  • Dhataki – Woodfordia fruticosa
  • Ushira – Vetiveria zizanioides
  • Kaaleeyaka – Yellow sandalwood
  • Katphala – Myrica nagi
  • Shringataka – Trapa bispinosa
  • Laja – puffed paddy
  • Kharjura – dates
  • Khadira – Acacia catechu
  • Kovidara – Bauhinia variegata
  • Shalmali – flowers of Salmalia malabarica
  • Durva – Cynodon dactylon
  • Nagakeshara – Mesua ferrea

Apathya

Apathya in Raktapitta
Apathya or unwholesome foods are touched upon in the context of Nidana of Raktapitta
Related reading –Raktapitta Causes, Premonitory Symptoms, Symptoms, Pathogenesis

Effective Decoctions For Bleeding Disorders From Sahasrayogam

Raktapittahara Kashayam

Ref – Sahasrayogam, Kashaya Prakaranam, 14

a. Shatavaryadi Kashayam

IngredientsBotanical NameMethod of usingIndications
ShatavariAsparagus racemosusThe decoction prepared with these ingredients should be served fresh1. Bleeding from upper and lower orifices of the body 2. Intermittent fevers associated with burning sensation 3. Insanity 4. Menorrhagia    
Krishna SarivaHemidesmus inducus
SandalwoodSantalum album
UshiraVetiveria zizanioides
HriveraPavonia odorata
TanduliyakaAmaranthus spinosus
GrapesVitis vinifera
ManjishtaRubia cordifolia
UtpalaNymphaea stellata
LicoriceGlyzyrrhiza glabra

b. Vata Shringadi Kashayam

IngredientsBotanical NameMethod of usingIndications
Vata sringaFicus benghalensisThe decoction prepared with these ingredients should be served fresh by mixing it with the milk1. Bleeding disorders    
VasaAdhatoda vasica

c. Chandanadi Kashayam

IngredientsBotanical NameMethod of usingIndications
SandalwoodSantalum album, sandalwoodThe powders of these ingredients should be mixed in the decoction of Sida cordifolia and be kept overnight. It should be given for oral consumption the next morning.Cures – 1. Bleeding disorders    
UshiraVetiveria zizanioides
MustaCyperus rotundus
LajaParched / puffed grains
Green gramVigna radiate, green gram
PippaliPiper longum
BarleyHordeum vulgare, barley
ManjishtaRubia cordifolia
UtpalaNymphaea stellata
LicoriceGlyzyrrhiza glabra

2. Drakshadi Kashayam (Vata-Pitta Jwarahara Kashayam)

Ref – Sahasrayogam, Kashaya Prakaranam, 6

IngredientsBotanical NameMethod of usingIndications
GrapesVitis viniferaThe decoction prepared with these ingredients should be served with honey, sugar and powder of parched grains.1. Fever of vata-pitta origin 2. Alcoholic intoxication 3. Vomiting 4. Fainting 5. Burning sensation 6. Giddiness 7. Fatigue 8. Bleeding from upper passages 9. Thirst 10. Jaundice
MadhookaMadhuca longifolia
LicoriceGlycyrrhiza glabra
LodhraSymplocos racemosa
KashmaryaGmelina arborea
SarivaHemidesmus indicus
MustaCyperus rotundus
GooseberryEmblica oficinalis
HriveraPavonia odorata
PadmakesaraFilament of lotus
PadmakaPrunus cerasoides
MrinalaNelumbium speciosum
SandalwoodSantalum album
UshiraVetiveria zizanioides
NilotpalaNymphaea stellata
ParushakaGrewia asiatica

3. Sarivadi Kashayam (Trishnahara Kashayam)

Ref – Sahasrayogam, Kashaya Prakaranam, 33b

IngredientsBotanical NameMethod of usingIndications
SarivaHemidesmus indicusThe decoction prepared with these ingredients should be served fresh1.Burning sensation 2.Bleeding disorders 3.Thirst 4.Fever  
UshiraVetiveria zizanioides
KashmaryaGmelina arborea
MadhookaMadhuca longifolia
white and red types of sandalwoodSantalum album & Pterocarpus santalinus
LicoriceGlyzyrrhiza glabra
ParushakaGrewia asiatica

4. Vasaguluchyadi Kashayam (Panduhara Kashayam)

Ref – Sahasrayogam, Kashaya Prakaranam, 46b

5. Shatavari Chinnaruhadi Kashayam (Vataraktahara Kashaya)

Ref – Sahasrayogam, Kashaya Prakaranam, 62b

IngredientsBotanical NameMethod of usingIndications
ShatavariAsparagus racemosusThe decoction prepared with these ingredients should be served fresh mixed with powder of Glycyrrhiza glabra1.Gout 2.Bleeding disorders  
GuduchiTinospora cordifolia
AmlakiEmblica officinalis
BalaSida cordifolia
Ikshu kandaStem of Saccharum officinarum
Sugarcane juiceJuice of Saccharum officinarum

6. Duralabhadi Kashayam

Ref – Sahasrayogam, Parishishta Prakaranam, 11

IngredientsBotanical NameMethod of usingIndications
DuralabhaFagonia creticaThe decoction prepared with these ingredients should be served fresh with sugar1. Thirst 2. Bleeding disorders 3. Fever with burning sensation  
ParpatakaFumaria oficinalis
PriyanguCallicarpa macrophylla
BhunimbaAndrographis paniculata
VasaAdhatoda vasica
KatukarohiniPicrorhiza kurrooa

7. Hriberadi Kashayam

Ref – Sahasrayogam, Parishishta Prakaranam, 15

IngredientsBotanical NameMethod of usingIndications
HriveraPavonia odorataThe decoction prepared with these ingredients should be served fresh, mixed with honey and sugar1.Severe bleeding disorders, thirst, fever and burning sensation  
CorianderCoriandrum sativum
GingerZingiber oficinale
SandalwoodSantalum album
LicoriceGlycyrrhiza glabra
VasaAdhatoda vasica
UshiraVetiveria zizanioides

8. Usiradi Kashayam

Ref – Sahasrayogam, Parishishta Prakaranam, 16

IngredientsBotanical NameMethod of usingIndications
UshiraVetiveria zizanioidesThe decoction prepared with these ingredients should be served fresh with honey1.Bleeding disorders  
SandalwoodSantalum album
PathaCissampelos pariera
GrapesVitis vinifera
MadhukaGlyzyrrhiza glabra
PippaliPiper longum

9. Chandanadi Kashayam

Ref – Sahasrayogam, Parishishta Prakaranam, 18

10. Satavaryadi Kashayam

Ref – Sahasrayogam, Parishishta Prakaranam, 19

IngredientsBotanical NameMethod of usingIndications
ShatavariAsparagus racemosusThe decoction prepared with these ingredients should be served freshCures – 1.Bleeding disorders 2.Colic  
BalaSida cordifolia
RasnaPluchea lanceolata
KashmaryaGmelina arborea
ParushakaGrewia asiatica

11. Trayantyadi Kashayam

Ref – Sahasrayogam, Parishishta Prakaranam, 111


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