Suranjana Colchicum luteum Uses, Research, Remedies

Suranjana Colchicum luteum is an Ayurvedic plant, used for the treatment of liver and spleen inflammation, skin disorders. Colchicine extracted from this plant is used in modern medicine for the treatment / prevention of gout attacks. 

Latin name- Colchicum luteum Baker
Family- Liliaceae

Vernacular names

Names in different languages:
English name- Colchicum, Meadow saffron
Arabic name- Alhalah, Surinjan
Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati name- Suranjan
Urdu name – Suranjanetalkh
Kashmiri name – Surinjan

Sanskrit synonyms

Sanskrit Synonyms of Suranjan: 
Hiranya tutha, Suranjana, Tutha, Tuthanjana


Morphology of Colchicum luteum:
Colchicum luteum is an annual herb distributed in eastern Asia-china to the Western Himalayas at 4000- 7000 feet altitude. The root is dark brown in color and round in shape. The leaves are 6-12 inch long, 0.5-0.75 inch wide. The flowers are 1-2 in number, about 1 inch in diameter and yellowish colored. The fruits are 0.5-1inch long. The seeds are 2-3 mm in diameter, round to oval in shape, pale white in color and bitter in taste.

Properties, part used, dosage

Properties of Colchicum luteum:
Rasa (Taste) – Tikta (Bitter), Katu (Pungent)
Guna (Qualities) – Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)
Vipaka – Katu (Undergoes pungent taste after digestion)
Veerya (Potency) – Ushna (Hot)
Karma (Actions) – Kapha vata shamaka (reduces vitiated kapha and vata dosha)

Part used- Root
Powder- 125 to 750 mg
Extract- 60 to 120 g

Chemical composition

Chemical composition of Colchicum luteum
The fresh corms and aerial parts of a sample from Jammu yielded 0.94% and 0.7% of total alkaloids, the major being colchicine 0.4% and 0.2% respectively.

Uses, adverse effects

Uses of Suranjan:

  • The powder of the root is sprinkled over fresh wound for quick healing.
  • The paste of the root of Suranjan is mixed with egg yolk and saffron and applied over the joints affected with arthritis.
  • The powder of the root of Colchicum luteum is consumed with decoction of other Vata hara herbs to treat diseases like gout, sciatica and arthritic pain.
  • The paste of the root of Suranjan is applied over the area affected with skin diseases in small quantity.
  • The powder of the root is mixed with hot water in a dose of 500 mg to relieve constipation and improve the appetite.
  • In a dosage of about 750 mg the powder of the root of Colchicum luteum improves passage of urine and helps in condition of retention of urine.
  • As part of treatment of ascites, the powder of the root of Suranjan is given in a dose of 500 mg with cow urine.
  • सुराञ्जनं तु कटुकं तिक्तं वीर्योष्णमेव च।
    कफवातहरं रक्तशोधनम् ॥ (द्र.गु.वि)

Adverse effects: If consumed in increased dosage, the herb can cause intoxication along with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.

Interaction with medicines, supplements

Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.

Can this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.

With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.

Ayurvedic medicines

Medicines containing Suranjan:
Boswelya plus: It is a proprietary Ayurvedic medicine which is used for musculo-skeletal support in different types of arthritis.

Jivantyadi yamaka: It is a medicine used for the treatment of eczema, psoriasis, contact dermatitis, hives and allergic rashes.


Research articles related to Colchicum luteum:
Treatment for gout: Amongst several useful Unani drugs, Suranjan (Colchicum luteum) is one which is claimed to be effective in this ailment. On an average the oral use of Suranjan showed relief in symptoms in 94.3% of cases in 30 days without any side effect. Our study included 20 cases of chronic gout.

Anti- cancer activity: Colchicine is a secondary metabolite, originally extracted from plants of the genius colchicum. It consists of the dried ripe seeds of Colchicum autumnale Linn. Colchicine effectively functions as a mitotic poison or spindle inhibitor. This review describes all aspects of controlled drug delivery including their different controlled drug delivery (niosomes, proniosomes, liposomes, ethosomes),different compositions, the various methods of preparation, methods of characterization, cytotoxicity analysis (MTT assay) and comparative controlled drug delivery analysis.


Eastern Asia-china to the Western Himalayas at 4000 – 7000 ft altitude.

Author: Dr.BK Prashanth MD (Ayu), Ph.D
E mail: [email protected]
Click to consult Dr Prashanth BK

2 thoughts on “Suranjana Colchicum luteum Uses, Research, Remedies”

  1. Sir, I want to read and cite this article for research purpose and make reference of my research work, So please provide me the same. thank u


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