Rose – Rosa indica Linn is commonly known as Indian cabbage rose. It is a plant which is abundantly cultivated throughout the world for its cosmetic value and medicinal purpose. It is medicinally used for blood purification, treatment of the intestinal ulcer, diarrhea and anti-inflammatory action. In India about 150 original varieties and more than 2500 hybrid varieties of roses are found.
Botanical name– Rosa indica (Rosa centifolia), Rosa damascena
Names in different languages:
Hindi name – Gulab
English name – Rose
Telugu name – GulabiPuvvu
Shatapatri- Having many petals
Karnika- Having big petals like ears
Laksha- Red colored like laksha
Gandhadya- Having good fragrance
Charukesara- Having good looking petals
Kantakapravrutta – having thorns
Raja Nighantu- Karaveeradivarga
Indian rose is commonly found and also cultivated plant throughout cold and temperate climatic part of India. It grows to a height of 1.5- 2 m with spikes. It is cultivated for its fragrant flowers which are used commercially. But the medicinal properties are found in the original variety of rose than in the hybrid cultivated variety.
Properties, part used, dosage
Rose: medicinal properties
Guna- Laghu (Light),Snigdha (slimy)
Rasa (Taste) – Tikta (Bitter),Kashaya (Astringent), Madhura (Sweet)
Vipaka- Madhura (Sweet after digestion)
Veerya (Potency) –Sita (Cold)
Karma- Tridosahara (pacifies all the dosha), Hrdya (Strengthens the heart), Sukrala (helps in increasing the potency), Pachana (Help in digestion)
Fresh or dried flower petals
Powder- 3 to 6 g
Distillate- According to the necessity
Distillate from flower- 20 to 30 ml
Chemical composition rose plant:
The flowers and leaves contain 1.3% and 8.5% of saponin respectively. Petals contain methionine sulphoxide. The volatile oil from the flowers contains citronellol, geraniol, nerol, phenylethanol. It also contains 15% tannins.
The whole plant yield quercetin, kaempferol and cyaniding. The rose hip contains vitamin C, malic acid and citric acid.
Medicinal uses of rose:
- The paste of the rose petals or the powder of the dried petals is applied over the wounds for quicker healing.
- The paste of the petals is applied over the body to control excessive sweating and to give a pleasant smell.
- The extract of the rose petals is used as drops or eye wash in burning sensation of the eyes.
- The dried paste of the petals of rose is taken internally in a dose of 5g along with milk to treat gastritis and duodenal ulcer.
- The decoction prepared from the rose buds in a dosage of 20-30ml in divided doses is used to treat constipation.
- Rosehip tincture is an effective astringent for treating diarrhea or in relieving colic or as a component in cough remedies.
- A gargle made from petal infusion of rose is used for sore throats.
- Creams from the essential oil of rose are used to treat dry or inflamed skin.
- The dried hips of the wild rose are especially high in vitamin C, having three times that of citrus fruits, and have long been used to prevent scurvy.
- Herbal tea prepared using rose petals is consumed to treat acidity, burning sensation in the body, dryness of the oral cavity and effective against infection in the intestine.
- Rose essential oil is used in aromatherapy to treat insomnia and blood pressure.
- The rose extract or oil is used extensively in the cosmetic industry as an ingrdient of soap, body wash, perfumes, body spray etc.
Key actions of Rose:
- Anti- spasmodic
- Blood tonic
- Digestive stimulant
- Increases bile production
- Menstrual regulator
Health benefits, indications
Traditional health benefits of rose:
Shukrala – improves male and female reproductive system, improves semena and sperm quality and quantity
Grahi – absorbent, bowel binding, useful in IBS, diarrhoea
Deepani – improves digestion strength
Hrudya – cardiac tonic, good for heart
Varnya – promotes skin complexion
Shishira – coolant
Pittahara – Balances Pitta
Dahahara – relieves internal burning sensation, seen in Pitta imbalance conditions such as gastritis, sore throat, laryngitis, sun stroke etc
Jwarahara – useful in fever
Indicated in –
Mukhapakaghni – indicated in mouth ulcers
Trushna – Excessive thirst
Chardi – vomiting
Raja Taruni – bigger variety:
Kashaya – astringent
Kaphakara – increases Kapha Dosha
Chakshushya – useful in improving eye sight
Harshada – pleasant, useful in depression
Hrudya – cardiac tonic, good for heart
Kubjaka variety of rose – plant musk rose (Rosa moschata) is –
Swadu – sweet
Kahaya – astringent sub taste
Sara – laxative, promotes movement of liquids in channels
Tridosha shamana – balances all the three Doshas
Vrushya – aphrodisiac
Sheetahara – alleviates coldness
Important formulations containing Rose:
- Pravala Pishti: Praval Pishti is a medicine prepared from Coral. It is used in Ayurvedic treatment of cough, cold, Pitta related diseases.
- Mukta Pishti: It is a medicine prepared from Pearl. Rose water is added to make the paste. It is used to treat diarrhea with bleeding, Mania, Psychosis.
- Manikya Pishti: It is a medicine prepared from Ruby and is used to treat oligospermia, boost the memory and immunity.
- Gulkand: It is a paste like preparation consumed in a dose of 10-12g in divided dose with milk to treat gastric ulcer, burning sensation of the body and other pitta dosha predominant diseases.
- Gulab arka- It is the distillate manufactured from the rose petals and is used to treat burning sensation of the eyes, remove bad odor of the body.
Interaction with medicines, supplements
Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.
this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets,
Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.
With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine
Research articles related to Rosa indica (Rose):
Anti-microbial activity-All solvent soluble fractions of Rosa Indica showed superlative activity against Streptococcus pneumonia, Shigellaflexneri, Proteus mirabilis, Pneumonia, Salmonella typhimurium, Vibia cholera, E. coli, Pneumonia aeruginosa but no activity was recorded against Proteus mirabilis by hexane and chloroform fraction.
Anti-bacterial activity- The methanolic extracts of Red rose petals were found to be most effective against all the pathogens used, they gave a zone of inhibitions of 27 mm against Escherichia coli, 26mm against Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and 25 mm against Staphylococcus aureus which was far better than the zone of inhibition given by the standard antibiotic Tetracycline used throughout the study.
In wound healing study, the 5mg/ml ethanolic extract of leaves of pink rose has highest wound healing activity. In anti-bacterial study, results showed that 5mg/ml showed moderate zone of inhibition against staphylococcus aureus and Escheria coli, maximum zone of inhibition were produced against them at 20mg/ml.
Author: Dr.B.K.Prashanth M.D (Ayu), Ph.D E mail: [email protected]