Tinduka – Uses, Dose, Research

Tendu – Diospyros tomentosa / peregrina fruit, stem bark, seed and seed oil are used in treating urinary tract disorders, abscess, non healing wounds etc, in Ayurveda. 
Botanical name- Diospyros tomentosa Roxb, Diospyros peregrina, Diospyros malabarica
Family- Ebenaceae

Vernacular names

Names in different languages:
Hindi name- Gabha, Tendu, Gaba
English name- Indian or Gaub persimmon
Telugu name- Tumiki
Tamil name- Panichika
Bengali name- Gava

Sanskrit synonyms

Sphurjaka, Sphurjana, KalasKandha, Asita, Virala, Asitakaraka, Neelasara, Atimuktaka, Syandana, Kalasara, Tanuka, Deerghanakha, Spandana, Ravana, Vara,

Chemical composition

Diospyros tomentosa chemical composition:
Lupeol, Betulin, B-sitosterol etc.

Classical categorisation

Charaka- Udardaprasamana – Group of herbs useful against erysipelas, skin rashes
Sushruta- Nyagodhadi gana, Salasaradi gana
Vagbhata – Nyagrodhadi gana
Kaiyadeva Nighantu – Oshadhi Varga
Rajanighantu, Dhanvantari Nighantu, Bhavaprakasha – Amradi Varga

Medicinal properties

Diospyros tomentosa – Tinduka medicinal properties
Guna (qualities) – Laghu (lightness), Rooksha (dryness)
Rasa (taste) – Kashaya (astringent)
Vipaka- Katu – Undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion
Veerya(potency) – Sheeta – Coolant
Effect on Tridosha – Increases Vata Dosha

Part used, dosage

Part used- Stem bark, fruit, seed, seed oil
Dosage-
Decoction 50-100 ml
seed powder 1-3 g
seed oil 10-20 drops

Sanskrit verse

Diospyros tomentosa uses

Uses

Diospyros tomentosa Uses:
Stem bark and seed:
Tuvara – astringent 
Tikta – bitter
Snigdha – unctuous
Ushna – hot
Vranaha – heals wounds quickly
Vataha – useful in Vata imbalance disorders

Unripe fruit:
Grahi – absorbent, bowel binding, useful in IBS, diarrhea
Vatala – Increases Vata Dosha
Rooksha – dry
Sheetala – coolant
Laghu – light to digest
Lekhana – scraping
Vibandhakrut – causes constipation
Aruchikrut – May cause anorexia

Ripe fruit:
Madhura – sweet
Guru – heavy (difficult to digest)
Balances Pitta and Kapha
Indicated in:
Prameha – Urinary tract disorders, diabetes
Asra –blood vitiation disorders such as abscess, bleeding disorders, vascular disorders etc

External application

Its stem bark is applied externally to treat abscesses and boils, due to astringent properties.

Interaction with medicines, supplements

Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.

Can this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.

With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.

Ayurvedic medicines

Ayurvedic medicines with Tinduka as ingredient:
Nyagrodhadi Kashayam
– Improves skin complexion and quality, helps to relieve diarrhoea, speeds up the healing process of bone fracture

Research

Anti-tumor and anti oxidant properties of Diospyros peregrina of methanol extract on albino mice.
Antidiabetic activity of Diospyros peregrina fruit

Persimmon ( Diospyros kaki ) and its variants

Persimmons, japanese, raw

Similar to Tinduka, Indian persimmons
Rasa – sweet, slightly sour
Guna – light (used in weight loss treatment)
Veerya – hot (aids digestion)
Vipaka – Sweet
Effect on Doshas
Vata balancing (used in constipation
Pitta balancing (used to reduce body temperature)
Kapha balancing (used in fluid retention)

Persimmons, japanese, dried

Rasa – sweet, slightly sour
Guna – heavy (drying increases concentration of nutrients)
Veerya – hot
Vipaka – Sweet
Effect on Doshas
Vata balancing
Pitta balancing
Kapha increasing (since it contains more concentration of nutrients, it leads to Kapha increase)

Persimmons, native, raw

Similar to Tinduka, Indian persimmons
Rasa – sweet, slightly sour
Guna – light (used in weight loss treatment)
Veerya – hot (aids digestion)
Vipaka – Sweet
Effect on Doshas
Vata balancing (used in constipation)
Pitta balancing (used to reduce body temperature)
Kapha balancing (used in fluid retention)

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