Bayur Tree: Pterospermum acerifolium Uses, Dose, Research

In Ayurveda, Indian system of medicine, Pterospermum acerifolium is used in treating headache, ulcers, wounds, cough, cold, bleeding disorders etc. 

Botanical name- Pterospermum diversifolium Blume (Pterospermum acerifolium willd)
Family- Sterculiacae

Vernacular names

Muchakunda -Names in different languages:
English name – Bayur Tree, Maple Leafed Bayur Tree, Dinner Plate Tree
Hindi name- Muchakuna
Tamil name- Matsakanda
Telugu name- Lolugu|
Farsi name -Gule Muchakun
Bengali name – Muchakund Chompa

Kanak champa, Pterospermum acerifolium
Kanak champa, Pterospermum acerifolium

Sanskrit Synonyms

Chitraka, Kshatra Vruksha, Prativishnuka, Lakshmanaka
Bahupatra – has many leaves
Supushpa, Sudala – Flowers with good looking petals
Haripriya – The flowers are liked by Lord Vishnu

Classical categorization

Kaiyadeva Nighantu – Aushadhi Varga
Raja Nighantu – Karaveeradi Varga

Chemical composition

Pterospermum diversifolium chemical composition:
Flower-Kaempferol etc. Leaves- Sterculin-A etc
(Reference: Illustrated Dravyaguna Vijnana, Vol. II, by Dr JLN Shastry)

Bark contains The bark contains Kaempferol, kaempferol-3-O-galactoside, luteolin- 7-O-glucoside, luteolin-7-O-glucoronide, kaempferide-7-O-beta-Dglucopyranoside, D-galactouronic acid, D-galactose and L-rhamnose. Flowers contain 24-beta ethylcholest-5-in-3-beta-O-alphacellobioside, 3,7-dimethyl-7-methyl1:5pentacosanolide, nhexacosan-1, 26-diol-dilignoserate, ?-amyrine, ?-sitosterol etc.

Medicinal properties

Muchakunda medicinal properties:
Rasa (taste) –Kashaya (astringent), Katu (pungent), Tikta – bitter
Veerya – Ushna – Hot potency
Guna (qualities) – Laghu – light to digest, Rooksha – Dryness
Vipaka- Katu – Undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion
Karma- Tridosa hara – Balances all the three Doshas, especially Kapha and Pitta.
Prabhava – Vishaghna Anti toxic, useful in poisonous conditions.

Part used, dosage

Part used- Flower
Dosage- powder 3-6 g in divided doses per day

Sanskrit verse

Pterospermum acerifolium uses

Medicinal uses

Muchakund – Pterospermum acerifolium medicinal uses:
Kantadoshahara – relieves throat infection, clears throat
Indicated in
Shirapeeda – headache
Pittasra – Raktapitta –Bleeding disorders such as nasal bleeding, heavy periods, etc
Visha – Toxic conditions, poisoning
Kaphaja Kasa – cough, cold
Shopha  – inflammation
Vrana – Ulcers, wounds
Pama – Keloids, Papules
Twak Dosha – skin diseases

It is also called as dinner plate tree, because its leaves are used to prepare dinner plates.
The flowers of the Bayur tree have good fragrance.
Its Bark is also traditionally used in treating scabies.

Interaction with medicines, supplements

Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.

Can this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.

With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.

Research

Anti inflammatory and anti nociceptive activity of leaves
Anti ulcer activity

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