Ashwakarna, Indian Gurjan – bark is used in treating abscess, urinary tract infection and hearing disorders. Its oil, called Gurjun balsam oil is useful in skin disorders.
Botanical name– Dipterocarpus turbinatus Gaertn.f
Names in different languages:
Bengali name- Teliya Garjan
English name- Common gurjun tree, Indian gurjan, gurjun, gurgina
Chinese name- jie bu luo xiang
Swedish name – keruing
Maricha Patraka – leaves resemble to those of black pepper
Deerghaparna, Deergha patra – Elongated leaves
Deergha Vruksha – big tree
Kushika Taru, Kaushika, Aranya,
Ashvarohaka, Garjana, Jaranadrma, Kusika Taru
Found in Assam, Meghalaya etc north eastern Indian states, Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, Bangladesh, Myanmar etc.
Major chemical constituents
Wood – Dipterocarpol, Oleoresin- Dammarenediol II, Betulonic acid, Etc
Essential oil- A-cadiena, a- Muurolene etc
Reference: Illustrated Dravyaguna VIjnana, Vol. II, by Dr JLN Shastry
Another tree, Dipterocarpus macrocarpus is also used in the name of Indian Gurjan. The Gurjan Balsam oil is also extracted from this tree.
Charaka- Udarda Prashamana – group of herbs that are used in allergic skin conditions and ring worm infestation
Susruta- Salasaradi gana
Vagbhata- Udaraprasamana, Asandi Gana
Raja Nighantu – Prabhadradi Varga
Kaiyadeva Nighantu – Oshadhi Varga
Bhava Prakasha -Vatadi Varga
Guna (qualities) – Laghu – light to digest, Snigdha – unctuous, oily
Rasa (taste) – Katu (pungent), Tikta – bitter
Vipaka – Katu – Undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion
Veerya – Ushna – Hot potency
Effect on Tridosha – balances Kapha and Vata Dosha.
Part used, dosage
Part used – Oil, bark, fruit
Dosage- bark powder 3-5 g
Indicated in –
Pittasra – Raktapitta –Bleeding disorders such as nasal bleeding, heavy periods, etc
Jvara – fever
Sphota – boils, blisters
Kandu – itching, pruritis
Shirodosha – disorders of head
Shiro arti – headache
Pandu – anaemia
Shruti Gada – hearing disorders,
Meha – diabetes, urinary tract disorders
Kushta – skin diseases
Visha – Toxic conditions, poisoning
Vrana – Ulcers, wounds
Sweda – excess sweating
Krumi – worm infestation
Bradhna – Prolapsed rectum
Vidradhi – Abscess
Badhirya – deafness
Yonigada – Vaginal infection, excessive bleeding, uterine disorders
Karnagada – ear disorders
Fruit benefits, indications
Its fruit –
Madhura – sweet
Rooksha – dryness
Sheetala – coolant
Stambhana – blocks the channel, useful in diarrhoea, bleeding disorders
Lekhana – has scraping property, useful in balancing Kapha, in respiratory disorders and in cholesterol / clot deposition in blood vessels
Stanyakrut –improves breast milk production
Adhmana – bloating, gaseous distension of abdomen
Raktapitta –Bleeding disorders such as nasal bleeding, heavy periods, etc
Trushna – excessive thirst
Kasa – cough, cold
Kshata – injury, bleeding
Kshaya – depletion of body tissues, weight loss, tuberculosis
The bark is especially used in urinary tract disorders. It is a good diuretic and antibacterial herb.
Its oil is called as Gurjun balsam oil.
It is used in treating skin diseases with oral administration in a dose of upto 3 – 5 ml per day.
It is best to avoid in people with constipation.
Seek medical advice for its use during pregnancy and lactation.
Interaction with medicines, supplements
Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.
this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets,
Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.