Sarja – Vateria indica Uses, Dose, Research, Side Effects

Sarja -Vateria indica resin is used in treating infected wounds, diarrhoea, earache, intestinal worms etc. The gum resin is used as base to prepare sticks used for herbal smoking in Ayurveda. Botanical name-Vateria Indica Linn
Family- Dipterocarpaceae

Vernacular names

Names in different languages:
English name- White Dammer Tree, Dammer (gum), Piney Resin tree, Indian Copal Tree
Kannada Name – Dhoopada mara, ಧೂಪದ ಮರBili Dhoopa,
Hindi name- Safed dammar, Kharuva
Telugu name- Tella Damaramu
Tamil name – Vellai Kungiliyam, Vellai Kundurikam, Paini pisin,
Malayalam name – Vella Kundurukkam, Paini pasha

Sanskrit synonyms

Ajakarna, Bastakarna, Lata Vruksha, Sarjaka, Sala, Maricapatraka, Kashaya, Chirapatraka, Kalakuta, Rajodbhava, Vallivruksha, Gandhavruksha,

Classical categorization

Kaiyadeva Nighantu – Aushadhi Varga
Dhanvantari Nighantu – Amradi Varga
Raja Nighantu – Prabhadradi Varga

Some authors like Bhava Prakasha have considered Resin of Shala – Sal tree (Shorea robusta) as Sarja.
But commonly,
Sarja is the gum extracted from Vateria indica
Rala is the gum extracted from Shorea robusta.

Chemical constituents

Vateria indica chemical Composition:
Oleoresin contains essen. Oil,(+) amphena, a-b- Pinene, Limonene, Chamazulene etc.
(Reference: Illustrated Dravyaguna VIjnana, Vol. II, by Dr JLN Shastry)

Sanskrit verse

Sarja Vateria indica

Medicinal Properties

Rasa (taste) – Kashaya (astringent), Tikta – bitter
Guna (qualities) – Snigdha – unctuous, oily
Vipaka- Katu – Undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion.
Veerya (potency) – Sheeta – coolant
Effect on Tridosha:
Balances Kapha and Vata as per Kaiyadeva Nighantu. Vata and Pitta as per Raja Nighantu

Part used, dosage

Part used- Bark, Gum
Dosage- Bark decoction 50-100 ml, gum powder 1-3 g

Uses

Vateria indica uses:
Varnya – Improves skin tone and complexion
Kaphahara – balances Kapha, useful in productive cough, asthma
Svedahara – stops excess sweating
Indicated in
Mada – intoxication
Krumi – worm infestation
Vardhma – enlargement of the scrotum
Vidradhi – Abscess
Badhirya – deafness
Yoniruja – Vaginal pain
Karnaruja – ear ache
Atisara – diarrhoea, dysentery

Sarja taila

Sarjataila – Oil prepared with the gum resin –
Is indicated in –
Visphota – boils, blisters
Kushta – skin diseases
Pama – Keloids, Papules
Krumi – worm infestation
Balances Vata and Kapha Doshas
Useful in infected wounds

Sarja rasa

Sarjarasa – the gum is used as a base to prepare wicks that are used in herbal smoking

Ayurvedic medicines

Ayurvedic medicines with Sarja as ingredient:
Lavangadi Churna – 
used in treatment of diarrhoea, bloating, abdominal pain etc.
Chinchadi Thailam – used in neurological conditions.
Sarvamayanthaka Ghritam – used in Ayurvedic treatment of gout, Parkinson’s disease, neck stiffness, locked jaw, paralysis, thigh cramps, etc

Research

Preliminary physicochemical evaluation
Antitumor effect of stilbenoids from Vateria indica

Side effects

Seek medical advice for its use during pregnancy and lactation.
It can be used in children in small doses.

Interaction with medicines, supplements

Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.

Can this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.

With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.

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