Hedge Mustard Uses, Dose, Research, Side Effects

Hedge mustard is called as Khubkala in Ayurveda. Its seeds balance Vata Dosha and is useful in fever and cough. It is not mentioned in Ayurvedic Samhitas and Nighantus, it is a recent inclusion into Ayurvedic pharmacopoeia.

Botanical name– Sisymbrium irio Linn.
The herb is explained in Dravya Guna Vijnana of PV Sharma as Sisymbrium irio. Both he and JLN Shastry have quoted its English name as – Hedge mustard. True botanical name of hedge mustard  is Sysimbrium officinalis.

Because, it is told that its effects are similar to Mustard, Both S. irio and S. officinalis can be conisdered as Khubkala.
Sisymbrium irio English name is – London rocket or London Hedge Mustard.
Family- Cruciferae (Brassicaceae)

Hedge mustard flower
Hedge mustard flower

Vernacular names

Names in different languages:
Hindi  name- Khubhkala, Khaksi
English name- Hedge mustard
Arabic name – Khubba
Hindi name – Khubkala
Farsi name – Khoobkala, Khakachi
Punjabi name – Maktarusa
Marathi name – Ranatikhi

Sisymbrium officinale inflorescence
Sisymbrium officinale inflorescence

Major chemical constituents

Seed- isorhamnetin; Aerial parts, Quercertin, isorhamnetin, B- ditosterol etc
jln(Reference: Illustrated Dravyaguna VIjnana, Vol. II, by Dr JLN Shastry)

Sisymbrium irio chemical constituents: khubkalaapigenin, apigenin-7-galactoside, apigenin-7-O-?-d-glucoside, luteolin-7-O-glucoside, apigenin-7-di-glucoside 5, apigenin-7-O-(6?acetyl) glucoside, apigenin-7-O-gluco(6-1) rhamnoside, apigenin-7-O-gluco(6-1)rhamnoside-5-methoxide, kampferol and kampferol-3-xyloside-7-galactoside. – (Reference: Science Direct)

Hedge Mustard leaves
Hedge Mustard leaves

Medicinal properties

Hedge mustard medicinal properties:
Guna (qualities) – Snigdha (oily, unctuous), Picchila (sticky)
Rasa (taste) – Katu (pungent)
Vipaka- Katu – undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion
Veerya – Ushna – Hot potency
Effect on Tridosha – Balances Vata Dosha.
Karma – Balances Vata and Kapha Dosha

Part used, dosage

Part used– Seeds
Dosag– Powder 3-6 g in divided dose per day.


Hedge Mustard – Khubkala benefits:

Sarshapabhasa – its effects are quite similar to benefits of mustard
Katu – pungent
Ushna – hot
Picchila – sticky
Sara – induces mobility, causes diarrhoea, purgation, relieves constipation
Balya – improves strength and immunity
Svedani – induces sweating


It is indicated in-
Jwara – fever
Kasa – cough, cold
Vomiting, excessive thirst,
Skin disorders,
Ama – product of indigestion and altered metabolism
It is anti inflammatory, analgesic.
It is used in treating swelling of gall bladder.

External application

Its paste is applied over breast to relieve mastitis. It is also useful to improve joint flexibility and to relieve pain in arthritis.

Side effects

It is best to avoid higher doses in Pitta body type persons.
It is best to avoid during pregnancy. Seek medical advice for its use during lactation.

Interaction with medicines, supplements

Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.

Can this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.

With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.

Ayurvedic medicines

Ayurvedic medicines with Khubkala as ingredient:
Gojihvadi Kashaya 
– used in the treatment of fever, cough, bronchitis etc

Seeds, sisymbrium sp. seeds, whole, dried

Rasa – pungent
Guna – unctuous, slimy
Veerya – hot
Vipaka – pungent
Effect on Doshas
Vata balancing
Pitta nourishing
Kapha balancing

3 thoughts on “Hedge Mustard Uses, Dose, Research, Side Effects”

  1. I have been suggesting to my circle friends that KHUBKALAN if given twice a day qty about two gms with hot milk is very efficacious to cure chronic fever.In our village, I used to notice that KHUBKALAN seeds and Vasaka leaves decoction was popular .I was in village upto 1945. At that time my age was 17 years. Your article has reminded and has confirmed to me strength of this herb.It means, above both herbs are good for fever…cough….rhymutic pains and swelling in throat.

  2. The article is quite informative, but this herb is or its seeds are available in Karnataka(grove) what it is called in Kannada.


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