Water Lily – Kumuda Benefits, Side Effects, Research

Different types of water lilies are explained in Ayurveda. Among them, Nymphaea stellata and Nymphaea alba are most important. Almost all have been explained to have similar health benefits. 

Botanical name- Nymphaea alba Linn
Family- Nymphaeaceae

Vernacular names

Names in different languages: 
English name- White water Lily
Hindi name- Koyi
Telugu name- Kauva Puvvu
Malayalam name- Kamod

Nymphaea alba
Nymphaea alba

Sanskrit Synonyms

Shveta Kuvalaya, Shweta Jalaja  – Due to white colored water lily flowers
Kumuda, Abja, Abda, Ambhoda, Ambuja, Jaleruha, Somapriya – Born in water
Kairava, Pankaja, Kalhara, Kalhara, Kusheshaya Shyamavrunta, Neelavrunta, Chandrakanta Shashipriya

Nymphaea nouchali
Nymphaea nouchali

Major chemical constituents

Water lily Flower- Nymphalin(glucoside), Quercetin,Kaempferol, etc
Roots- Luteolin

Nymphaea nouchali
Nymphaea nouchali

Classical categorization

Charaka and Vagbhata – Mutra Virajaniya (group of herbs that impart natural colour to the urine.)
Sushruta- Utpaladi
Bhavaprakasha – Pushpavarga
Dhanvantari Nighantu – Karaveeradi Varga

Nymphaea stellata
Nymphaea stellata


Types of water lilies:
Various Lily species are explained in Ayurveda with similar qualities.
White water lily – Nymphaea alba – Shveta Kuvalaya, Kumuda
Blue water lily – Nymphaea stellata – Neelotpala
Read water lily – Nymphaea rubra – Raktotpala

Acc. to colour of flowers
1. Swetotpala
2. Niltpala
3. Utpala

Medicinal properties

Water lily medicinal properties
Rasa (taste) – Madhura (sweet), Kashaya (astringent), Tikta (bitter)
Veerya – Sheeta
Guna (qualities) – Laghu (lightness), Snigdha (unctuous, oily), Picchilla (stickiness)
Vipaka- Madhura – Undergoes sweet taste conversion after digestion.
Karma- Balances Pitta and Kapha Dosha

Part used, dosage

Part used: Rhizome, Flower,seeds, whole plant
Fresh juice of Rhizome 10-20 ml
seed powder 3-6 grams

Sanskrit verse

water lily benefits

उत्पलानि कषायाणि रक्तपित्तहराणि च|
utpalāni kaṣāyāṇi raktapittaharāṇi ca| – Charaka Sutrasthana 27/115

Lotus and water lily are quite similar in uses. They are the best in
Sangrahika (absorbent, useful in chronic diarrhoea, IBS, colitis) and Raktapitta (Bleeding disorders such as Ulcerative colitis, nasal bleeding, menorrhagia). To re-frame the above sentence,
Among the herbs that are useful as absorbent and in bleeding disorders, lotus and water lily are the best.
Lotuses and lilies are astringent and useful in bleeding disorders due to Pitta imbalance.


Kumudini – whole plant of Water lily –
The flower along with root, stem seeds combined is called as Kumudini, Kumudvati, Kairavika.
The quality of the whole plant is similar to Padmini (whole plant of lotus) –
Sheetala – coolant
Gurvi – Heavy to digest
Rooksha – dry
Madhura – sweet
Lavana – salt
Balances Pitta, Kapha Dosha and Rakta (useful in blood vitiation disorders)
Vata Vishtambakarini – causes constipation.

Benefits, indications

Water lily benefits: 
Hladi – good and comforting for mind and heart
Sheetala – Coolant
Indicated in:
Raktadosha – blood impurity and vitiation disorders such as acne, skin diseases, bleeding disorders etc
Daha –  burning sensation, as in gastritis, neuropathy, burning sensation in eyes etc
Shrama – tiredness, fatigue

Water lily seeds

It helps in refreshing the mind and to treat depression.
It is-
Vatala – increases Vata Dosha
Vatala – increases Vata Dosha
Indicated in –
Raktapitta – Useful in bleeding disorders such as nasal bleeding, heavy periods, etc
Atisara – helps in treating diarrhoea, dysentery

Soon after delivery, a drink made by milk – boiled with quarter part of water lily petals is administered to the mother. (reference: Sushruta Shareera Sthana 10)

Side effects, research

Water lily side effects:
In some, it may cause constipation.
Can be used during pregnancy, lactation and in children.

Anti inflammatory activity of ethanolic extract of Nymphaea alba
Hepato-protective activity of N. alba
Anti-depressant activity of Nymphaea alba

Interaction with medicines, supplements

Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.

Can this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.

With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.

Ayurvedic medicines

Ayurvedic medicines with Kumuda / Utpala as ingredient
Darvyadi Kashaya
used in the treatment of heavy menstrual bleeding with pain, leucorrhoea etc.
Phal Kalyan Ghrita – used in Ayurvedic treatment of male and female infertility.
Samangadi Churna – It is used in Ayurvedic treatment of bleeding haemorrhoids. It is a simple combination of six herbs.
Chandanadi Lauh – used in the treatment of chronic fever
Puga Khanda – used in the treatment of vomiting, gastritis, dizziness, abdominal pain etc.

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