Swarna Bindu Prashana: Ayurvedic Immunization Method

Swarna Bindu Prashana is an Ayurvedic technique to improve immunity in children. It is a method of administering gold calx (Swarna Bhasma) in very minute quantities to improve immunity, strength, memory and intelligence in children. The original reference for this technique is mentioned in Kashyapa Samhita. 

Swarna Bhasma

Administering Gold calx in very minute quantities has been hailed since the times of Kashyapa and Vagbhata.
Vagbhata – in Ashtanga Hrudayam 7th chapter says,

Na Sajjate Hemapange padmapatre ambuvat visham ||

In a person who has been given Gold bhasma for a long time, the poison can not do any harm, similar to a water drop that can not touch the leaf of the lotus. The person gains long life.

Swarna Bhasma

suvarnaprashana hi etat medhagni bala vardhanam | ayushya mangala punya vrushyam grahaapaham ||
maasaat parama medhavi vyaadhibhirna cha daayate | Shadbhi maasai: Shrutadhara suvarna paanat bhavet ||
(kashyapa Samhita Sutrasthana)

Benefits

Administering small quantities of Swarna causes-
Medha Vardhana – improvement in intelligence
Agni Vardhana – improvement in digestion strength
Bala Vardhana – improvement in  strength and immunity
Ayushya Vardhana – Improvement in life expectancy
Mangala, Punya – Auspicious
Vrushya – Aphrodisiac
Grahapaha – relieves bad evils.
By administering Swarna for a month time, child becomes super-intelligent.
By administering for up to six months, person becomes Shruta Dhara – can remember whatever she hears.

Apart from above details, Swarna bhasma has many other uses.
Read more about Swarna Bhasma benefits 

Dosage

The dose of Swarna Bhasma, as explained in text book is – 1/8 – 1/4 Ratti.
1 Ratti means 125 mg. So, dose is 15 – 30 mg per day.
The pediatric dose – From infancy to 5 year old is 1- 3 mg per day.
From 5 – 10 years – 3-5 mg per day
From 10 – 16 years – 5-10 mg per day.

Swarna Bindu Prashana

Method of administration

How Swarna Prashana is administered now-a-days –
Swarna Bhasma is mixed with a Brahmi Ghrita – Ghee made of brain tonic herbs such as
Brahmi – Bacopa monneiri,
Vacha – Acorus calamus
Shankha Pushpi – Convolvulus pluricaulis
Guduchi – Tinospora cordifolia
Yashti madhu – Licorice
Ashwagandha – Indian ginseng etc

So, it is a mixture of Brahmi Ghrita (ghee) plus Swarna Bhasma.
Usual mixing proportion is –
1 gram of Swarna Bhasma (1000 mg) in 100 ml of Brahmi Ghrita.

Usually 2 drops of this ghee mix is administered along with 2 drops of honey. This makes the total dose of Swarna Bindu Prasha to be – 4 drops. Most of the Ayurvedic centres prescribe 4 drops as the dose.
2 drops of ghee mix would contain around 1 – 2 mg of Swarna Bhasma

Please note that this is general calculation and the mixing proportions may vary from centre to centre.

Swarna Bindu prasha is administered during Pushya Nakshatra day.

Dose based on age

From 3 months to 2 years – 1-2 drops of (Brahmi Ghrita + Swarna Bhasma) + 2 drops of Honey – for six months and then stop it forever.
From 2 years – 5 years – 3 drops of (Ghrita+ Bhasma) + 3 drops of honey – for six months and then stop it forever.
From 5 – 10 years – 4 drops of (Ghrita+ Bhasma) + 4 drops of honey – for six months and then stop it forever.
From 10 – 16 years – 6 drops of (Ghrita+ Bhasma) + 6 drops of honey – for six months and then stop it forever.
For above 16 years – 10 drops of (Ghrita+ Bhasma) + 10 drops of honey – for six months and then stop it forever.

FAQs

Is Brahmi ghrita specifically told to be administered mixed with Swarna Bhasma?
No. But it makes huge sense. Because, Brahmi ghrita is a very good brain tonic and immunity booster. So also is Swarna Bhasma. hence, administering it with Ghrita is justifiable.

What is the significance of administering Swarna Prashana in Pushya Nakshatra?
If you look at the Kashyapa’s verse given above,  the Swarna (gold) administration is advised on daily basis for one month to up to six months. Pushya Nakshatra day is nowhere mentioned.
Administering it in Pushya Nakshatra day is derived by the Ayurvedic centres.
This day is given lot of significance in Ayurveda. This day is told as good for collection of medicinal herbs for medicine preparation.
Hence, there is no harm in administering it during Pushya Nakshatra day.

But, administering it only once a month makes the dose very diluted and quite insignificant.

But, it is safe to administer once a month, considering the fact that lot of taboo exists with “Bhasma” – metallic content, kidney failure etc.

Do you recommend using it on daily basis?
I would, for six months. But the dose can be further diluted.
If you ask me to prepare Swarna Bindu Prashana, here is the method that I would recommend.
Buy 125 mg X 8 = 1000 mg = 1 gram of Swarna Bhasma.

Dabur, Dhootapapeshwar, Baidyanath, Uma Ayurvedic Pharmacy are good, as per my knowledge and experience. (Does not mean that others are bad)
Dabur Swarna Bhasma is available here (aff) – – Buy Dabur Swarna Bhasma

Take 100 grams of Brahmi Ghrita – available in any Ayurveda store.

You can even use common cow ghee, in place of Brahmi Ghrita.

Mix 1000 mg of Swarna Bhasma to 100 grams of Brahmi Ghrita. Each gram of Ghrita will have 10 mg of Swarna Bhasma.
10 drops of ghrita will make 1 ml. So, 1 drop will have 1 mg of Swarna Bhasma.
Based on age, While administering it, mix it with half a teaspoon of honey and administer it.

Take Organic Honey

Best time to administer:
Morning, on empty stomach. Do not give anything for 15 minutes after administering this.

To whom this can be given?
For children more than 2 month old.

Can this be given during fever?
No. Avoid it during fever and cold.

Is it the only way to administer Swarna to children?
There is another method called Swarna Vacha, which is equally effective. Read more about Swarna Vacha. 

Is it mandatory for all children?
No. It is not mandatory.

Is it poisonous in anyways?
No.

After giving it daily for six months, can it be continued further?
After giving Swarn Bindu for six months, it can be stopped. If you still want to continue, it is best to continue it just “once a month” for many years.

What to do if the ghee + Bhasma mix solidifies in the winter?
You can heat  it slightly over a  water bath till it liquefies. For this, take a wide mouthed vessel, put water to it. On this, put your smaller vessel containing the ghee+bhasma mix – heat the water vessel mildly till ghee liquefies.
OR,
If you are sure about the quantity to be administered, you can administer it in solid form itself.
But before doing that, mix it thoroughly, because, Gold Bhasma particles, being heavy, tend to settle at the bottom of the vessel.

Can it be given during cold, cough? Under what circumstances, it should be stopped?
It can be continued while the child has cold and cough. Only when there is extreme weak digestion with vomiting, it is best to stop prashana temporarily.

Price:
Within India –
Rs 1750 including courier charges. 
Please write to me – Dr Hebbar – email – [email protected]

Swarna prashana

Cow Ghee is considered as an ingredient to boost immunity. It increases Ojas. It is also considered as Medhya – improves immunity.

Gold, being the noble metal is appreciated in nano particle form as the super anti oxidant, free radical scavenging agent, disinfectant and anti microbial agent.
The golden jewels are worn on the body with a belief that micro particles of gold enter into the body, improving immunity and longevity. Ayurveda believes that not only wearing the gold, intake of gold in minute dose can be of immensely beneficial for good health.

Swarnaprashana ghrita, which is becoming popular is mentioned in Kashyapa samhita textbook (3000-4500 years old) and Charaka samhita (3500-5000 year old).

Ayurveda texts like Kashyapa samhita-khilasthana explaines various herbs for the restorative, immune modulating, rejuvenating and disease preventing intentions.Aindri, shamkhapushpi, mandookaparni, yashtimadhu, vacha,punarnava etc drugs were highlighted as the top priorities for this purpose. But in later period , based upon the necessity of the time and availability of the herbs several modifications were made among the physicians. As a result physicians of different geographical area started preparing the formulation Swarnaprashana ghrita with the theme of increasing the immunity and rejuvenation, especially for the children.

Ethical and classical ayurvedic practitioners prepare Swarnaprashana ghrita by processing the ghee along with the rejuvnative, memory enhancing and immune boosting herbs along with classical and standardized Swarna bhasma of their own or obtained from Standard GMP pharmaceutical companies. So, in today’s practice usually single package of 10 ml of Swarnaprashana ghrita possesses approximately 150 mg of Swarna bhasma. Even though the percentage of Swarna bhasma may vary, in good quality SPG it should be within the range of 120-200 mg of Swarna bhasma in 10 gram/ml. I have observed good result out of such confident and standard products of Swarnaprashana ghrita. The majority of the physicians manufacture this product for their own set of patients or only among the limited number of physicians.Brahmi-shankhapushpi-purusharatna-bal;a-pippali-shunthi-maricha-vacha-musta etc are commonly added in such preparations, while preparing the medicated ghee.

My experience with Swarnaprashana ghrita:

Since the time of my Post graduation from IPGT and R, Jamnagar(Gujarat-2002), I am practicing this among my patients community. I have observed highly significant results in few of the cases regarding which I want to write over here.(However the readers can use this preparation, only after the consultation with your family physicians).

I usually advise this in the following dose for the children:

6 months to 2 years- 1 drop

2 Years to 6 years- 2 drops

6 months to 16 years- 3-4 drops

( in adults , I prescribe it in the dosage of 30-4 drops daily once)

Preferably it is advised to take in empty stomach. As per the need, nothing wrong if it is taken along with milk or honey (no antagonistic effect, as we are administering ghee as a formulation). For added benefits, after the intake for another 15-20 minutes it will be good if nothing is taken.

Even though it is not having any absolute contra indications, I usually ask my patients to avoid Swarnaprashana ghrita among the kids who are having the issues like phlegm, excess salivation/nausea and vomiting, as the drug is not ingested appropriately.

The question of administration is always among the public. Because, most of the institutions / hospitals have highlighted it as to be administered on the occasion of Pushya nakshatra. Undoubtedly some significance may be there behind this rationality. But, if the patients /parents are affordable and feasible, it is always good and wise to administer it once in two days or once in 3-4 days for its full benefits. I have observed its good effects only when administered often and regularly.

I want to document here two of my experiences with this Swarnaprashana ghrita:

Case 1: The male child of 7 years from Puttur(Karnataka)- he(parents) was complaining of confusion, loss of concentration in the studies, loss of interest, mood alteration every now and then etc. When I started administering this medicine-Swarnaprashana ghrita once in 2 days regularly for a period of approximately 40-45 days, the child was reported with excellent health benefits. Later they continued the medication in the gap of once in 4-5 days and later, once in a week and so on. Even though it is not the platform to disclose, he remained as the third topper to the state ( Disclaimer- I declare here that mere medicine will not work without hard effort !)

Case 2: A male child of 11 years from neighboring Kerala state (Kasargod) was brought to my clinic seeking help to reduce the anger, stubborn nature and more over a complaint of episodic cold and rhinitis every now and then from  recent past 1 year. I prescribed Swarnaprashana ghrita 3-4 drops once in a week followed with Swarna vacha- once in two days. The combinations worked well  to him and within 2-3 months they reported that he felt significantly better. Later, I asked them to continue the same for couple of weeks.

I do not believe in the miracles. Rational usage of genuine medicaments will work wonders. Proper diet and supporting medicaments will facilitate such drug actions.

110 thoughts on “Swarna Bindu Prashana: Ayurvedic Immunization Method”

  1. Thank you Dr. Hebbar for your nice article. But I want to clarify that the classical Ayurvedic texts like Kashyapa Samhita, Charaka, Sushruta, Vagbhat etc. have not used Swarna Bhasma. They have used pure gold ( 99.999purity) Gold bhasma and pure gold use is not same. When a bhas is prepared it is a samskara to gold with other materials also. I have a doubt about the Swarma Bhasma available in the market also today.

    The same quote of Kashyapa referred in your article clearly says pure gold should be rubbed on a clean stone with madhu-ghrita for administering to a child immediately after birth and then daily upto one month or upto six months.

    The use of madhu-ghrita here is more important than gold itself. Interestd people can read my thesis ” Response of madhu-ghrita in newborn”.

    I still remember there was a special pure gold stick in our home since many generations which was used only to use when a child is born to feed it with madhu-ghrita. I am one of those blessed child where my parents fed me this gold as a Jaatakarma Samskara”.

    Reply
    • Dear Dr MS Kamath,
      Many thanks for your valuable comments.
      Like I have explained in the article, there are many methods of Swarna administration. The one that you have explained, is famous as Swarna Vacha, where, pure gold thin stick is used. More details here – https://www.easyayurveda.com/2011/09/02/home-remedy-to-improve-immune-system-memory-and-intelligence/

      Because Gold is a non reactive metal, the Swarna Bhasma prepared will have pure gold particles in very minute quantities.
      Swarna Bhasma qualities explained in Rasa Ratna Samucchaya book matches exactly with the benefits of Swarna Prashana explained by Kashyapa.
      A scientific paper has also been published about usage of Swarna Bhasma in Suvarna Prashana (Journal of Ayurveda and Holsitic Medicine, Volume II, issue VII)
      Hence, usage of Swarna Bhasma is in Suvarna Bindu prashana is justified.

      Reply
      • Thank you for your reply.

        The reference you have given is not a clinical study or a proof that the the current practice of Swarna prashana or Swarna vacha is a safe, effective or standardized practice. It is just a concept paper.

        Unless a properly designed control study is done and the results are published the scientific community will view this practice as money making business and some sort of publicity stunt. There is no standard laid down and no uniformity in its practice.

        Reply
        • Dear Doctor M.S. Kamath, I would like to read your thesis about madhu ghrita. I have searched on the internet but couldn’t find it… Could you send me the link ? Thank you very much.

          Reply
  2. Good Article doctor. Thanks a ton for the info.

    I give Swarna bindu to my kids( 2 years and 5 years every pushya nakatra day in the nearby Ayurvedic hospital.

    Sir, u recommended using Swarna Bindu(daily) for six months. For example, if I give my kids for six months ,then, after six months should I stop it completely. Never give him again in his life?

    Or is there any time frame Or a gap…Example: can we use it again after a year or so?

    Reply
    • Doctor, Thank You for your prompt and quick response.

      May God Bless you and your family today and always 🙂

      Reply
  3. Thanks sir for giving valuble information. For monthlly administration of this medicine howmany months it is used.

    Reply
    • Hi, if you are getting it administered only once per month, then it can be administered forever, or till 16 years of age. Because, the quantity per dose is very less, to the point negligible.

      Reply
  4. Hi Dr. Hebbar,

    Thank you for this very informative post. Can you please tell me if there is a set procedure to mix the Swarna Bhasma and Brahmi Gritha? Can we use any metal container to mix both the ingredients and store it in a plastic container/bottle? Also, you have advised the dosage in drops. Is there a specific type of dispenser or can a syringe be used to administer the medicine?

    Reply
    • Hi, You can use porcelain mortar and pestle to mix Bhasma with Ghrita. Or you can also use Iron container.
      You can store it in glass air tight container.
      You can use 2 ml or 5 ml syringe to administer it (without the needle).

      Reply
  5. Hi, it can be administered 2 months onward. (now corrected).
    It can be administered to old people in a dose of 7 – 10 drops per day.

    Reply
  6. Because we do not know the concentration of Swarna in the formula that you have purchased, the dose fixation is difficult to make.
    I have already explained in the above article how you can make your own formula, along with formula etc.

    Reply
  7. If you are confident about mixing in precise proportions and about maintaining hygienic conditions, you can prepare at home.

    Reply
    • Thanks for the timely help Dr. I have mixed the concentrate by following your instructions and have been administering it to my kid from past 1 month.

      Reply
    • Thanks for the timely reply Dr. I have prepared it as per your formula and being administering to my 2yrs daughter from past 3 months

      Reply
  8. Good evening doc. It was really a nice and fruitful article. I just wanted to ask that the minimum age you mentioned for the swarna bindu prashana is 2 months. Why is it so? In Classics like Kashyapa etc the usage has been mentioned from day one or two.

    Reply
  9. Sir, why can’t we use stainless steel vessel and spoon to mix? What if we don’t have mortal n pestle or iron utensil, in such scenario what is the best way to mix?

    Reply
    • Thank you so much for the reply Sir. But the amount of swarna bhasma is so little compared to brahmi ghrita, how can we be sure if the powder is equally distributed while mixing with 200 grms of ghrita as it’s semi solid?

      Reply
      • This is why, for every time we administer Swarna bindu prashana, the product needs to be mixed thoroughly.

        Reply
  10. Hi, for children with diabetes, better to skip honey. If you buy Swarna bindu prashana from us, it is made of only Swarna Bhasma and Brahmi ghrita. You can just give that to your child.

    Reply
  11. Honey is prohibited by doctors for infants below one year due to the fear of botulism toxicity. How safe is it then to use it on infants? Nonetheless, I have given swarna bindu to my daughter today, she will complete two months tomorrow. I have been told by the doctor to administer daily for 6 months as 2 drops medicine + 4 drops honey. Kindly comment.

    Reply
    • Hi, if the quality of honey is good, still better organic certified, then there will not be any fear of botulism.

      Reply
  12. Dear sir, I have Suwarna bhasma 100 mg , mixed it in 10 ml of bhramhi ghee, this dose is planned asper 1000 mg bhasma in 100 ml in your note, my kid is 7 yrs old , I am giving 2 ml of my prepared dose + 2 drops of honey. But equal amount of ghee n honey r not advisable. Plz give a clear veiw on this. As I read in one of your article of bad food combination. Plz suggest. Thanks

    Reply
    • Hi, dose for your child is – 6 drops of Swarna Bindu along with 6 – 10 drops of honey. Please note, honey + ghee alone, when used together is incompatible, here we have herbal ghee + Swarna. Hence, that incompatible rule is not valid.

      Reply
  13. Hi, in your son’s case, it can be given for six months, then a gap of 4 months, and again can be continued for another six months time.

    Reply
  14. It depends on the dosage. In your son’s case, Swarna Prashana can be continued for 2 months, followed by 2 months gap, for a period of 1 – 2 years time. Also, consider consulting an Ayurveda doctor for autism treatment.

    Reply
  15. Dear Sir,
    From 5 – 10 years – 10 mg per day
    is it harmful giving 10mg of swarna bhasma (mixed in bhrami ghee) + honey per day for a 7 years child for 180 days?

    Assume giving 10mg per day gives better results than giving 0.600 mg per day. Please suggest. Thank you

    Reply
  16. Dear Dr. Hebbar,
    What is the difference between saraswatarishtam with gold ( a product from Nagarjuna, Kerala) and swarna bindu prashana. Can we give saraswatarishtam with gold ( Nagarjuna) to infant instead swarna bindu prashana?

    Reply
    • Saraswatarishta and Swarna Bindu Prashana are quite similar.
      The ghee medium is preferred in children, as ghee adds its own benefits. It is considered Medhya – improves memory and intelligence and Satmya – congenial to the body from birth.

      if the child has low appetite and digestion issue, then Saraswatarishta can surely be preferred.

      Reply
  17. Hi sir, is it safe to give swarna prashsna daily for kids and also elders? Does it cause kidney failure? If there is no harm then can we get ready made swarna prashsna from you and what is the cost for 6 months dosage?

    Reply
    • It is safe to give Swarna Bindu Prashana to kids and elders. It does not cause any kidney failure.
      If taken 1 drop per day,
      Cost per 10 ml = Rs 1750 (including courier charges).
      1 pack of 10 ml is sufficient for 2 months (if served one drop per day)
      We can courier the medicine to anywhere within India. Courier charge is included in the price of medicine.

      SBI account –
      Name – Janardhana V Hebbar
      Savings bank (SB) account number – 30456285879
      State Bank of India,
      Lalbaug branch, Mangalore. Karnataka state
      575003
      IFSC code – SBIN0004928
      MICR code – 575002008
      Swift code – SBININBB146

      Reply
  18. Is their any supporting clinical and biochemical evidence that it is not harmful, or it is only favourite past time gossips…don’t write in subjective language, please give objective evidences…and one thing not to support your arguement with PG and PhD thesis, most of them are formulated…

    Reply
  19. Dear Hebbar, I have a son 3 yrs old, diagnosed with mild autism. Kindly suggest me best ayurveda treatment for him.

    Reply
  20. Dear Hebbar, my son is diagnosed with mild ADHD four year back now his age is 7 half years i am using swarna medha from 15 days is it swarna medha works for ADHD.

    Reply
    • Your consulting doctor will be the right judge. I think it may be good to continue for 2 – 3 months.

      Reply
    • If taken daily, Swarna bindu can be taken for only 6 months. It is better to stop it after six months.

      Reply
  21. Sir,
    It is mentioned that Bilva is not supposed to be taken when taking swarna bhasma.
    So is one not supposed to take chavanaprash(since it contains bilva)?

    Reply
    • Good question.
      Ripe bael fruit is contra indicated along with Swarna bhasma.
      In Chyawanprash, Bael root is used. Not fruit. So, Chyawanprash can be taken along with Swarna Bhasma / Swarna Bindu Prashana.

      Reply
  22. @Dr. Karmath , we have also tradition to mark OM on new born child’s tongue with honey and gold stick. I also think effects of metal and it’s oxide should be different on body.

    Reply
  23. Sir meri son 6 month old but he is very height.i think give me Swarna Bindu prasanna.plz tell me medicine effected to son’s height also big height

    Reply
  24. hi doctor
    1) 500 mg swarna bhasm + 100 gram brahmi ghritam or same
    2) 1000 mg swarna bhasm + 200 gram brahmi ghritam is this both are correct Ratio .
    sir for how many month can we use 1 and 2 if given 2 drops daily with 2 drops of honey .
    thank you

    Reply
    • Sorry for the confusion. It is 1000 mg of Swarna Bhasma in 100 gram of Brahmi ghrita.
      2 drops of this + 3 drops of honey – mixed – can be given for six months, for a child above 1 year age. Stop it after six months.

      Reply
  25. Dr. can the swarna bhasma be administered for a 6 week old newborn or is it advisable to wait until 3 months to start?

    Reply
  26. Thank you for your reply Doctor.
    Please let me know if Swarna bindu prashna is good for my son or Swarna vacha and how many months should i use along with Brahmigritha.
    Thank you

    Reply
  27. Hallo doctor, what will be the dosage to give once a month for all age group of children, If we had completed the six months course daily dose of swarna bindu prashana. And how many years can be given for once a month,
    thank you

    Reply
  28. Ghee & honey are viruddh aahar….they are poisonous together….there is something wrong…please don’t play with health of your kids.

    Reply
    • Please do not spread half truths. Ghee and honey in “equal quantity” is Viruddha.
      There are many medicines such as Saptamrita lauha, Charaka’s Chyawanprash etc where ghee and honey are used together.

      Reply
  29. Hi can you courier the product to Melbourne, Australia or do you know any contact where I can buy the product in Melbourne.

    Reply
    • 1. No. We can send it to an Indian address, who can take it to you.
      2. We do not know. Sorry.

      Reply
  30. Hello doctor i need details about using bal gutti amd swarna bindu for my 3 months old daughter … can both be given alternatively?

    Reply
  31. Hi doctor….can we give non veg food while giving swarna prashna medicine monthly once in pushya nakshathra day….do we need to avoid non veg fully or we should not eat only on the day of giving that medicine if given once in a month….pls help me…

    Reply
  32. As per ayurveda ghee and honey should not take in equal quantity for internal administration ( viruddhahar) then in this Swarna prshan we r taking in equal proportions it will not cause any issue right..?

    Reply
  33. It can be continued while the child has cold and cough. Only when there is extreme weak digestion with vomiting, it is best to stop prashana temporarily.

    Reply
  34. सर् सबसे अच्छा ब्राह्मी घृत कोंन सी कंपनी का आता है। और किया आपके पास बना हुआ स्वर्ण प्रासन मिलता है । प्राइस किया कितने ml की पैकिंग में आता है। कितने droop होंगे उसमे।

    Reply
  35. सर् आपने ब्राह्मी घी की जो कंपनी बताई थी मेने उनमे पता किया था ।इसमे जो इंडियन गाय और जरसी दोनो तरह की गायों के दूध का घी बनाया जाता है। इससे कोई दिक्कत तो नही होगी। मुझे अपने 1 month के बेबी के लिए स्वर्ण प्राशन बनाना है। कृपया एक बार और आपको तकलीफ दे रहा हु।

    Reply
    • Bahut saare companies aise hee ghee banaate hai. Isse kuch takleef mujhe abhi tak nahi dekhne ko mila hai.

      Reply
  36. sir

    aap jo swarna indu prash banate hain , us mian jo ghee use kiya hia , who desi cow ka hai ya jersy ka.

    Reply

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