Jadwar – Delphinium denudatum Uses, Research, Side effects

Jadwar – Delphinium denudatum is used in Ayurveda and Unani, to treat cough, cold, non healing wounds etc. An anti oxidant, it also has anti convulsant effect. It is called as Nirvisha in Ayurveda

Botanical Names- Delphinium denudatum wall.
Family- RANUNCULACEAE

Vernacular names

Names in different languages:
Hindi name- Nirvishi
Arabic name- Jadwara, Jadwar
Nepali name- Nilo bikh

Delphinium denudatum

Sanskrit synonyms

Visalakarani, Apavisha, Vivisha, Vishahantri, Vishavairini – All these synonyms suggest towards anti toxic effect of the herb.

Classical categorization

Ashtanga Nighantu – Haridradi Gana
Raja Nighantu – Pippalyadi Varga

Jadwar

Major chemical constituents

Alkaloids viz. Delphinine and staphisagrine. An alkaloid delphocurarine has been extracted from the root by Merck. Deterpene alkaloids –denudatine, denudatidine and from roots.
(Reference: Illustrated Dravyaguna VIjnana, Vol. II, by Dr JLN Shastry)

Nirvisha

Medicinal properties

Delphinium denudatum – medicinal Properties
Guna (qualities) – Laghu (lightness), Rooksha (Dryness)
Rasa (taste) – Katu, (pungent) Tikta (Bitter)
Vipaka – Katu – Undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion
Veerya – Ushna – Hot potency
Effect on Tridosha – Balances Kapha and Vata Dosha.

Part used, dosage

Part used: Root,
Dosage: 1-2 grams of powder in divided dose per day.

Sanskrit verse

Jadwar uses

Benefits

Jadwar – Delphinium denudatum benefits:
Due to its hotness and pungency, it is used in treating cough, cold, asthma and respiratory disorders.
Vishadoshaghni – Useful in poisoning. Anti toxic. Useful against snake bite, Vatsanabha (Aconitum ferox) poisoning and digitalis poisoning.
Kaphahara – balances Kapha, useful in productive cough, asthma
Vatasrahara – useful in gout
Vranaropana – induces quick wound healing on external application.
It improves digestion strength.
It is a good general tonic, nervine tonic, diuretic, useful against fever.
It relieves pain, swelling and inflammation.
It has anti convulsant activity, hemiplegia, paraplegia, paralysis, useful in schizophrenia, Manic depressive psychosis and leucoderma.

External application

Its paste is useful against skin disorders, leucoderma.
Its root is given to chewing to relieve toothache.
It is applied externally in snake and scorpion bite.

Side effects

There are no known side effects with this medicine. Seek medical advise during pregnancy.

Interaction with medicines, supplements

Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.

Can this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.

With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.

Research

Anticonvulsant effect of ethanolic extract
Unani uses, adulterants, varieties
Experimental evaluation of morphene de-addiction
Phyto-chemical analysis and anti oxidant effect

Ayurvedic medicines

Ayurvedic medicines with Jadwar ingredients:
Jawahar Mohra
– a medicine in tablet form, used in the Ayurvedic treatment of cardiac diseases.
It is administered along with Swarna Bhasma in the treatment of poisoning.
Dhatri Rasayan – used in treating cough, cold, to improve strength and immunity.

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