Dill Seed Benefits, How To Use, Side Effects, Ayurveda Details

By – Dr JV Hebbar
Dill seed is an ancient Indian spice. Its seeds, seed oil and whole plant is used in Indian culinary. It is mainly used in digestive disorders. It is also called as Indian Dill.

Dill seed

Botanical name: Anethum sowa / Peucedanum graveolens
Family: Umbelliferae

Vernacular names

Hindi name: Soyo
English name: Dill, Dil, Dill plant, Indian Dill
Telugu name: Sadapa Vittulu
Tamil name: Satakuppi
Bengali name: Saluka
Marathi name: Shepu
Gujarati name: Suva
Kannada name: Its seeds are called Shataapu and the plant is called Sabbasige soppu
Arabian name: Shibith

Sanskrit synonyms

Shatahva, Shatapushpa – having numerous flowers
Chatra – inflorescence has umbrella shape

Classical categorization

Asthapanopaga – herbs that are used in decoction enema therapy
Anuvasananopaga – herbs that are used in oil enema therapy

Medicinal qualities

Rasa (taste) – Katu (pungent), Tikta (bitter)
Guna (qualities) – Laghu (light to digest), Teekshna (piercing, enters deep tissues)
Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion): Katu (pungent)
Veerya (potency): Ushna (hot)
Effect on Tridosha: Balances Vata ad Kapha. It increases Pitta.

According to Bhojana Kutuhalam twelfth chapter, The leaves of shatapushpa are hot in potency, sweet in taste, and treats gulma. Alleviates vata, stimulates digestive fire, wholesome to the body, aggravates pitta dosha and imparts taste.

Dill - health benefits - Ayurveda

Spices, dill weed, dried

Is a natural aphrodisiac, useful in uterine fibroids, galactagogue, improves taste
Rasa – pungent, bitter
Guna – light, piercing, sharp
Veerya – hot
Vipaka – pungent
Effect on Doshas
Vata balancing
Pitta increasing
Kapha balancing

Dill health benefits

Deepani – improves digestion strength
Useful in
Jvara – fever
Diseases of Kapha and Vata predominance
Vrana – non healing wounds
Shoola – abdominal colic pain
Akshi Roga – eye disorders
Akshivrana – ulcers in the eye
Bastikarma – enema Panchakarma therapy

Dill leaves
Vrushya – natural aphrodisiac
Rudhira Gulmajit – useful in uterine fibroids,
Vataghna – balances Vata
Stanya – acts as galactogogue
Pittakrut – increases Pitta
Ruchidayaka – improves taste of food.

Dill plant recipe is given to lactating mother to improve breast milk secretion.

Shatapushpa in enema therapy

In almost all the enema therapy (Basti karma), Shatapushpa kalka (paste of Dill seed) is used as a necessary ingredient. It aids in digestion and transferring of phyto-chemicals of the enema into the system of the patient. Enema therapy is usually done to achieve Vata balance and Shatapushpa mitigates Vata.

Dill seeds for cancer

A team of Russian scientists have developed glaziovianin A, which inhibit the growth of human tumor cells. They evaluated this compound in in-vivo study using sea urchin embryo assays. It  yielded several promising candidates selectively affecting tubulin dynamics. Glaziovianin A. is derived from Parsley and dill seeds (1)

Ayurvedic medicines

Ayurvedic medicines with Shatapushpa:
Narayan oil – useful pain relieving, anti inflammatory Ayurvedic massage oil
Gorochanadi GUlika – A traditional Ayurvedic product used in cough, cold, asthma, bronchitis etc.
Maharasnadi kashaya – Useful to relieve inflammation, rheumatoid arthritis etc.
Maha Laxadi oil – useful in sciatica, spondylosis etc.

Side effects

Dill seed side effects:
Over-dosage may cause Pitta increase, burning sensation, worsening of gastritis.
It is not indicated in conditions with Pitta dominance, like gastritis.
It is best to avoid its use during menstrual periods.

Interaction with medicines, supplements

Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.

Can this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.

With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.

Shatapushpa dose

Powder – 1 – 3 grams per day
Dill seed oil – 1 – 3 drops
Dill leaves – used as food.

External application

Paste prepared with dill seeds along with Tagara, licorice, Kushta  and sandalwood and ghee is used to apply externally to relieve headache, shoulder and back pain. Reference: Charaka Samhita Rajayakshma Chikitsa.

Dil oil is used as ingredients in syrups to improve digestion strength, such as Bio-sal Syrup.

20 thoughts on “Dill Seed Benefits, How To Use, Side Effects, Ayurveda Details”

  1. Hello!
    Thanks for article!

    I am also interested in the properties of dill and fennel!
    Could you answer, please, what is the source of sanskrit text?

    Reply
    • I read an article talking about using dill seeds to improve memory to pass exams and promotion . How true is this and how is applied? I have bought Indian Dill Seeds as the avaialble one in my country SA

      Reply
  2. Dear doctor, how should dill be used to increase breast milk? If leaves are not available, can seeds be used? Please give method of usage and normal dosage
    Thanks for all the info you provide.

    Reply
  3. How many quantity requires at national and international level? How we can contact requires person?

    Reply
  4. Hi, mild roasting and putting in mixer is fine. You need not turn it into very fine powder.
    You can even just pound it in mortar and pestle and use it as it is.

    Reply
  5. Thanks for the information, please how do i use dill leaf to increase milk supply cause i can’t find the seed where i live.

    Reply
    • Dill leaves can be used as any vegetable. It can be made into chutney / sabji along with other vegetables and consumed on daily basis. 10 – 15 grams per day.

      Reply
  6. Kindly advise any precautions l need to take with my food and if sounf and ajwain also need to be used. Please also advise how to use these herbs.

    Reply
  7. Can Dill be used to naturally enhance breast size? Should the leaves be consumed or the seeds?…in what quantity?
    Any other herbs that can be used also for the same purpose?
    Thank you.

    Reply

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