Jamun is a very important Ayurveda herb. Jamun seeds are mainly used in Ayurveda treatment. Among other things, it is especially beneficial in controlling blood sugar levels in diabetics. India was previously called as Jambudveepa – an island where Jambu trees are abundant. Its botanical name is Syzygium cumini or Eugenia jambolana or Myrtus cumini. It belongs to Myrtaceae. It is also known as Jamoon and Jambul.
Table of Contents
Vernacular names, Sanskrit synonyms
Hindi name: Jamun, Jambul
English name: Jamun, Jamoon
Bengali name: Kala Jam
Punjabi name: Jamalu
Telugu name: Neredu Chettu
Tamil name: Saval naval
Malayalam name: Naval
Kannada name: Nerale
Mahaphala – Its fruit is relatively big
phalendra – Fruit is regarded as one of the best
Surabhipatra – Leaves have aroma
Mahaskandha – Plant has very big and strong trunk
Mutrasangrahaniya – Group of herbs that cause urine retention
Pureeshavirajaneeya – Group of herbs that are used to restore normal colour of feces
Chardinigrahana – Group of herbs that are used to treat vomiting
Sushruta and Vagbhata – Nyagrodhadi group of herbs.
Bh.P. Ni – Raja jambu, Ksudra jambu
Ra. Ni – Jambu, Mahajambu, Kaka jambu, Bhumi jambu
An evergreen tree
Root – Tap root, branches
Stem – Erect, woody, branched, thick, solid, cylindrical with grey bark
Leaf – Simple, opposite, stalked, 10- 14 cm long, petiolate, exstipulate with reticulate venation, gland dotted
Flower – White, small, crowded, on inflorescence, inferior ovary
Fruit – Berry, succulent, globose, dark purple
Seed- Single, endospermic
quercitin, beta sitosterol, gallo tannin, eugenin
Seeds contain gallic acid, oxalic acid, citric acid
Rasa (Taste) – Kashaya (astringent), Madhura (sweet), Amla (sour)
Guna (qualities) – Laghu (light to digest), Rooksha (dry)
Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion) – Katu (pungent)
Veerya (potency) – Sheeta (cold)
Effect on Tridosha – It increases Vata but balances Kapha and Pitta.
Grahi – absorbent, useful in malabsorption syndrome and diarrhea
Vatakara – increases Vata
Shramahara – relieves tiredness
Pittahara, Dahahara – balances Pitta and its symptoms like burning sensation.
Kantarti hara – relieves throat pain
Shosha – Emaciation
Krimi – worm infestation, infection
Shwasa – Asthma, COPD, wheezing, breathing difficulty
Atisara – diarrhea, dysentery
Kasa – cough, cold
Vishtambhini – causes constipation, useful in diarrhea and dysentery
Rochana – improves taste, useful in anorexia
Pachani – Improves digestion.
कषायमधुरप्रायं गुरु विष्टम्भि शीतलम्|
जाम्बवं कफपित्तघ्नं ग्राहि वातकरं परम्||१४०||
kaṣāyamadhuraprāyaṃ guru viṣṭambhi śītalam|
jāmbavaṃ kaphapittaghnaṃ grāhi vātakaraṃ param||140|| – Charaka Sutrasthana 27
Madhura – sweet
Kashaya – slightly astringent,
Guru – heavy
Vishtambhi – producer of wind in abdomen, causes bloating
Sheetala – coolant
Balances Kapha and Pitta,
Grahi – absorbent, bowel binding
Vatakara – aggravates Vata.
It is useful in the treatment of overactive bladder.
Qualities as per Bhojana Kutuhalam
According to Bhojana Kutuhalam, Jamun is astringent and sweet in taste, it helps in treating fatigue, vitiation of pitta, burning sensation, throat pain and cures worm infestation, dyspnoea, diarrhoea, cough etc. It causes constipation, improves taste perception and promotes digestion.
Part used, dose
Part used: Fruit, seed, leaf, stem bark.
Fresh juice – 10 – 20 ml
Powder – 3- 6 grams in divided doses per day.
Overall, you need to remember these two main usage of jamun –
2. Astringent and styptic, hence used in quick wound healing, in diarrhea, menorrhagia etc where the bleeding or extra flow needs to be stopped.
Interaction with medicines, supplements
Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.
this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets,
Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.
Ayurvedic medicines with Jambu as ingredient:
Puhsyanuga Churna– A powerful herbal powder, used in menstrual disorders.
Musli Khadiradi Kashayam – Another useful medicine for gynecological disorders.
Ushirasav– Used in bleeding disorders, UTI etc.