Aragvadha – Cassia fistula: Uses, Qualities, Side Effects

Aragvadha is an ancient Indian herb, widely used in the treatment of skin diseases and in constipation. Its botanical name is Cassia fistula and it belongs to Caesalpinioideae family.  It is a tree that grows up to 25 – 30 feet. 

Taxonomical Classification

Family – Caesalpinaceae
Genus – Cassia
Species – Fistula

Aragwadha medicinal qualities

Guna (qualities) – Mrudu (soft), Guru (heavy to digest), Snigdha (unctuous, oily)
Rasa (taste) – Madhura (sweet)
Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion) – Madhura (sweet)
Veerya (potency) – Sheeta (cold)
Effect on Tridosha – balances Kapha and Pitta.
Prabhava (special effect) – Sramsana – causes mild purgation
Action –
Fruit – Sramsana, Sulahara, Ruchya
Patra – Virechaka,Meda visosaka
Pushpa – Grahi

Purging cassia – Aragwadha is used for its potent antipyretic (anti fever), analgesic, anti inflammatory, vermifuge, cardio-protective and blood purification properties.

Of all the herbs that are useful in bringing about mild purgation, Aragvadha is the best.
It is useful in
Jvara – fever
Hrudroga- Cardiac disorder
Pittasra – bleeding disorders
Vata udavarta – bloating
Shula – abdominal colic pain
Aragwadha is continuously indicated throughout the course of treatment for fever. It helps to relieve Ama and detoxifies the digestive tract.
Because of its mild purgation action, it can be used in elderly and sensitive people.


Antibacterial and anti-fungal activities

Home Remedies of Purging Cassia

Home remedies

By Dr MS Krishnamurthy MD(Ayu), PhD
Important simple remedies and their health benefits are explained here below-

Ring worm infection

1. Fresh leaf paste for ring worm infection and itching:
A fist full of mature fresh leaves are collected and fine paste is made without adding water. This is applied over the skin lesions. This is effective in ring worms and eczema.

Worm infestation

2. Leaf decoction or fresh juice in worm infestation:
20-30 gram of leaves are taken and fresh juice is prepared or else decoction is made. This is given in empty stomach in the dose of 20 ml in children and 40 ml in adults.
5-6 days medication helps to relieve pin worms effectively.
In cattle also this is practiced in higher dose.


3. Bark decoction for constipation and blood borne diseases:
15-20 gram of stem bark is collected, added with 2 cups of water, boiled and reduced to half a cup. Filtered. This decoction is orally consumed to relieve constipation, distention of abdomen and chronic blood vitiation diseases.

As purgative

4. Fruit pulp as a purgative:
3-4 inch of the mature fruit is taken and pulp is removed. It is de-seeded also. To this sweet pulp, if necessary little jaggery can be added. This is administered in the evening hours. This relieves constipation by 2-3 purging.


5. Tender buds and flowers soup for jaundice:
A fist full of tender leaf buds or yellow colored flowers are taken and soup is made (by adding salt, jaggery and pepper). This can be taken in the place of Rasam as a soup, in a dose of 50 – 100 ml.

This helps to restore the appetite (carminative) and increases the taste in the food (as an appetizer).
Read related: Ayurvedic Home Remedy For Liver Diseases

Aragwadh, beautiful green tree  when flowers whole plant looks yellow as the leaves are completely shredded during flowering. Village people have  strong belief that exactly on 30th day of Cassia flowering it starts raining. So, this tree is also used as a tool for weather forecasting!

Veterinary Uses

This is used in veterinary medicines also. Especially in worm infestation, food poisoning, regurgitation, distention of abdomen, constipation, strangulation of intestines etc.
Click to consult Dr MS Krishnamurthy MD (Ayu), PhD

Side effects

In a large dose, it may cause heavy purgation.
It is not indicated in diarrhoea.

Interaction with medicines, supplements

Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.

Can this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.

With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.

Part used

fruit rind, root bark, flower, leaves.
In Ayurveda system of medicine its ripened pod pulps are used as good laxatives. Its stem bark and leaves are equally beneficial.


Bija churna (powder) – 3- 6 g
Mula Twak Kwatha – 10 – 15 ml
Pushpa Swarasa – 5- 10 mi
Phala majja ( Fruit pulp) – 10 – 20 g

Ayurvedic medicines

Ayurvedic medicines with Aragvadha ingredient –
Manasamitra vatakam – useful in neuro-psychiatric conditions
Maha Manjistadi kashayam – Useful in a wide variety of skin diseases
Kushta rakshasa taila – An herbal oil, used externally for the treatment of skin diseases.
Maharasnadi Kashayam – Useful in Vata disorders.
Aragwadhadi Kashayam – An herbal decoction with Aragvadha as main ingredient, used in vomiting, skin diseases, pruritis and non healing wounds
Aragwadhadi kashaya, Aragwadharishtha, Aragwadhavaleha etc are used in Ayurvedic therapeutics to treat various disease conditions. 

Cassia fistula for ascites

In Ascites with Pitta Dosha imbalance, milk boiled with Cassia fistula fruit pulp is administered for Virechana (Purgation) treatment. (Charaka Samhita Chikitsa Sthana 13)

Vernacular names, Sanskrit synonyms

Hindi name – Amaltas
English name – Purging cassia – because it causes purgation.
Telugu name – Rela
Tamil Name – Kondrem
Kannada name – Phalus
Malayalam name – Kanikonna
Marathi name – Bahva
Gujarati name – Garmalo
Bengali name – Sondal
Punjabi name – Girdanali
Farsi – Khiyar

Sanskrit Synonyms:
Aragwadha –Helps to destroy diseases
Rajavruksha – big, good looking, king size tree
Shampaka – Corrects the digestive process
Chaturangula – having four finger length fruits
Arevata – detoxifying
Suvarnaka – having good colour, gives good color to the body.
Deerghaphala – long fruits
Svarnabhushana – golden yellow coloured flowers
Kritamala – When flowering the tree looks adorned with garlands
Pragraha – Liked by people as it is beautiful
Amaha – Relieves Ama
Arogyasimbi – Pods are therapeutically very useful
Kushtasudana – Cures skin diseases
Jvarantaka – Relieves from fever
Vyadhighata – Useful in many diseases
Karnabharana – Flowers were used as ear ornaments

Classical categorization

Caraka – Kushtaghna, KAndughna
Susruta – Aragwadadi gana, Shyamadi gana
B. P. Ni – Haritakyadi varga 148 – 150


Dhanvantari Nighantu and Raja Nighantu – Aragwada and Karnikara


Habit – A medium sized perennial tree
Stem – Erect, branched, Cylindrical, woody, bark greenish grey in color
Leaf – alternate, petiolate, compound, wavy, reticulate venation
Inflorescence – Long axillary, pendulous racemes
Flower – Pedicellate with long pedicels, yellow, hypogynous
Fruit – A legume which is very long and cylindrical
Seeds – Flat, Albuminous, embedded in soft pulp

Useful part


Pharmacological Action


7 thoughts on “Aragvadha – Cassia fistula: Uses, Qualities, Side Effects”

  1. Sir, I knew that Amaltas seeds are poisonous; Any clarity?
    I’m overnight socking 3″ splitted fruit (1-finger length) into 1-cup and taking early morning. I do it for 2 months of season. Any guideline?

  2. Hi, it should be available in local Ayurveda store. Within India, I have not found it online. It can be used for constipation.

    • Make individual powders with pulverizer or just even a mixer.
      Then filter across a cloth.
      Mix the powders in equal parts.

  3. hi sir, i am ulcerative colitis patient and bleeding too much, i saw one of the blog mentioned like if you use cassia fistula roots powder bleeding will stop, can you please suggest


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