Uraria picta – Prishnaparni – Benefits, Usage, Ayurveda Details

Prishnaparni is one of the most important Ayurvedic herbs. It is one among Dashamoola (Group of 10 herbs). Hence used in innumerable Ayurvedic medicines. Its botanical name is Uraria picta (Hedysarum pictum). It belongs to Fabaceae family.

Vernacular names, Sanskrit synonyms

Hindi name – Dabra, Pithavan
Tamil name – Sittirappaladai, Kolaponna
Sanskrit Synonyms –
Prishniparni – having thin long leaves
Prithakparni, Kalashi, Dhavani, Guha, Shrugalavinna, Chitraparni, Anghriparni

Classical categorization

Charaka Samhita:
Angamardhaprashamana – group of herbs that help to relieve myalgia.
Shothahara – anti-inflammatory group of herbs
Sandhaneeya – group of herbs that are used in fractures and dislocations

Sushruta Samhita – Vidarigandhadi gana, Haridradi group of herbs
Vagbhata – Haridradi gana

Medicinal qualities

Rasa (Taste) – Madhura – sweet, Tikta – Bitter
Guna (qualities) – Laghu (light to digest), Snigdha (unctuous, oiliness)
Vipaka – taste conversion after digestion – Madhura – sweet
Veerya – Hot potency
Effect on Tridosha – balances all the three Doshas.

prishniparni - Uraria picta
prishniparni – Uraria picta

Sangrahika – absorbent, relieves mild diarrhoea
Vatahara – balances Vata
Tridoshaghna – balances all the Three Doshas
Vrushya – aphrodisiac
Sara – promotes natural movement of body fluids
Dahahara – relieves burning sensation
Jwarahara – useful in fever
Shwasahara – Useful in dyspnoea, Asthma, Bronchitis and Chronic respiratory disorders.
Raktatisarahara – relieves diarrhea associated with bleeding
Trut hara – relieves excessive thirst
Vamihara – acts as natural anti-emetic. Relieves vomiting

Prishniparni root powder taken for three weeks causes healing of fractured bone.

Part used


Interaction with medicines, supplements

Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.

Can this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.

With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.

Ayurvedic medicines

Mahanarayan Oil – Used for massage in neuro-muscular conditions
Manasamitra Vatakam – used in depression and psychiatric conditions.
Dhanvantharam Thailam – used in joint disorders and rheumatic conditions.

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