Palasha – Butea monosperma Uses, Dose, Research

Palasha is a famous Ayurvedic herb, used since the times of Sushruta. Its botanical name is Butea monosperma, belongs to Fabaceae family. Its leaves are used particularly in southern parts of India. Its leaves are used to prepare food plates.

Vernacular names, Sanskrit synonyms

English name – Flame of the forest tree
Hindi name – Dhaka
Kannada name – Muttuga
Malayalam name – Palasin Samat
Gujarati name – Khakhare
Telugu name – Modugu
Read related: Benefits Of Eating On Leaf Plates And Metal Plates

Sanskrit Synonyms:
Kimshuka – flower resembles beak
Raktapushpaka – red coloured flowers
Ksharashreshta – Kshara, a special product is formed from this plant
Brahmavrukhsa, Brahmopanetra, Samitvara – Auspicious tree

Spiritual significance

Palash tree is considered very auspicious. In olden days, when a student was approaching a Guru, to learn Ayurveda, the student used to carry many auspicious things with him on the day of his initiation. Among many things such as fire, ghee, sandal wood paste, earthen jar filled with water, etc, Palasha twig was also one among them. This signifies the importance and auspiciousness of this tree. (reference: Charaka Samhita Vimana Sthana 8th chapter).

Therapeutic benefits

Deepana – promotes digestion
Vrushya – aphrodisiac
Sara – promotes bowel movement
Vranajit – brings about quick wound healing
Gulmajit – useful in abdominal disorders
Bhagnasandhanakrut – Useful in quick fracture healing
Grahanihara – Relieves malabsorption syndrome
Arsha – useful in haemorrhoids
Krimihara – useful in intestinal worms

Palasha flowers qualities

Katu, Tika, kashaya – Pungent, bitter and astringent in taste
Svadu paka – undergoes sweet taste conversion
Vatala – Increases Vata Dosha
Kaphapittasrajit – Decreases imbalanced Kapha, Pitta and Rakta
Mutrakrichrajit -Relieves urine retention
Grahi – has absorption qualities.
Sheetala – Coolant
Trut, Daha Shamaka – Useful to relieve excessive thirst and burning sensation
Vataraktahara – useful in gout
Kushtahara – useful in skin diseases

Habitat, Classical categorization

Habitat: The tree is found in all parts across India.

Classical categorization:
Sushruta and Vagbhata – Rodhradi, Mushkakadi, Ambashtadi, Nyagrodhadi group of herbs.

Medicinal qualities, effect on Doshas

Guna (qualities) – Laghu (light to digest), Rooksha (dry)
Rasa (taste) – Katu (Pungent), Tikta (bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)
Vipaka – Katu – after digestion, it undergoes pungent taste conversion.
Veerya – Ushna – hot potency.
Its flowers have Madhura vipaka (sweet after taste), and Sheeta veerya (cold potency)

Effect on Tridosha
It balances Kapha and Pitta Dosha.


Laghu – light to digest
Ushna – hot in nature
Meha – useful in diabetes
Arsha – useful in piles
Krumihara – useful in intestinal worm infestation
Vatakaphahara -balances Vata and Kapha
Katuvipaka – undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion
Rooksha – dry
Kushta – useful in skin diseases
Gulma – useful in abdominal disorder and bloating
Udarahara -useful in ascites


Butea monosperma seed – is useful in
Pama, Kandu, Dadru, Tvak dosha nashaka – useful in allergic dermatitis, pruritis, contact dermatitis etc. It helps to detoxify skin.


Palashamool kashaya – Root decoction of Butea monosperma subsides the poisonous effects caused by Bhallataka seeds or oil. – Vaidya Sara Sangraha – Parishishta.
Palash root water distillate (Arka) is used for the treatment of cataract.

Interaction with medicines, supplements

Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.

Can this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.

With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.


Chronic toxicity study

Ayurvedic medicines

Ayurvedic medicines with Palasha ingredient
A special type of preparation called Palasha Kshara is used in gynaecological problems.
Its potent action against intestinal worms makes it an essential ingredient in many de-worming Ayurvedic medicines like – Krumimudgara Rasa and Wormnil
Its potent skin benefiting qualities and anti-diabetic properties makes it an ingredient of Asanadi Kashayam
Palasha seeds are used as main ingredient in Palashabeejadi Churna, used for quick wound healing and de-worming.

10 thoughts on “Palasha – Butea monosperma Uses, Dose, Research”

    • Have not used it much. I do not have report or patient feedback on efficacy, as of today.

  1. Its root ark is available, used in cataract. I am using it in early cataract to prolong lens clearity and diminish lens opacity. However cant find conclusion in any particular type of cataract.


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