Daruharidra – Berberis aristata – Qualities, Benefits, Dose, Ayurvedic Details

Daruharidra – Berberis aristata is used in Ayurveda to treat eye disorders, skin disorders with itching, diabetes, urinary tract diseases, etc. This drug is found in Himalaya and Nepal region.

Botanical name – Berberis aristata Dc.,
Family – Berberidaceae

Vernacular names, Sanskrit synonyms

Names in different language: 
English name – Indian berberi
Hindi name – Daru Haldi
Tamil name – Mara Manjal
Bengali name – Daruharidra
Punjabi name – Daru Haldi
Marathi name – Daruhalad
Gujarati name – Daru Haldar
Telugu name – Kasturipushpa
Farsi name – Darchoba

Sanskrit Synonyms:
Darunisha, Peeta, Daruharidra, Darvi, Peetadru, Peetachandana, Hemakanti, Kashta Rajani, Peetaka, Peetahva, Hemakanta,Hemavarnavati, – All these synonyms explain about turmeric-like yellow colored stem.
Katankati, Katankateri, Parjanya,  Pachampacha,   Kusumbhaka,

Classical categorization

Darvi is included under many group of herbs as follows –
Charaka
Arshoghna – group of herbs, used to treat hemorrhoids
Kandughna – group of herbs, used to treat itching
Lekhaniya – group of herbs that has scraping, cholesterol reducing quality

Charaka has mentioned this as one of the herbs used in powder massage, useful in pruritis, acne and urticaria.(Reference: Charaka Samhita Sutrasthana 3rd chapter)
Sushruta and Vagbhata – Haridradi, Mustadi, Lakshadi

In South India, especially in Kerala, Coscinium fenestratum, Menispermaceae, is used in the name of Daru Haridra – Tree Turmeric (stem) – Berberis aristata.

Chemical composition

The root bark of Berberis aristata contains berberine, quaternary ammonium salt of isoquinoline alkaloid. Berberine has antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor and anti-diabetic activities. Read more

Cocsinium fenestratum – Has anti oxidants, that are found to be useful in diabetes. read more

Properties

Daruharidra Medicinal qualities:
Rasa (Taste) – Tikta, Kashaya – Bitter, Astringent
Guna (qualities) – Laghu (light to digest), Rooksha (Dryness)
Vipaka (Taste conversion after digestion) – Katu (pungent)
Veerya – Hot potency
Effect on Tridosha – Balances Kapha and Pitta Dosha. 

Berberis aristata uses

Uses

Berberis aristata uses –
The qualities and usage of Daru haridra is quite similar to benefits of turmeric
Vranajit – quick wound healing
Mehajit – useful in diabetes and urinary tract diseases
Karnanetramukharogas – useful in the treatment of pain and itching related disorders related to eyes, ears and oral cavity.
Shophahara – anti inflammatory
Kandu kushtahara – relieves skin diseases with itching
Visarpahara – useful in herpes
Vishahara – anti toxic
Kapha, Abhishyandi hara – has drying quality, relieves moisture, (as in wound healing).
It is used in menorraghia and leucorrhea (white discharge) It helps to relieve spasmodic pain of abdomen.
It is used in treating diarrhea.

External application:
Its paste, made with water is applied externally to relieve pain and inflammation. Its filtered decoction (Kashaya) is used to wash eyes to relieve pain, swelling and inflammation.
Its decoction is used for gargling to relieve and improve voice and throat infection.
Its paste is applied over non healing wounds, syphilis ulcers, fistula for quick healing.

Part used, Dosage, Side effects

Part used: root, stem, fruit, water extract.
Its water extract is called as Rasanjana, used in eye disorders with infection and inflammation.
Dose: Decoction – 15 – 60 ml in divided dose.

Daru Haridra side effects:
Because it can lower sugar levels, people with diabetes should use this under medical supervision.
It can be used in children and during lactation.
Seek medical advice for use during pregnancy.

Interaction with medicines, supplements

Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.

Can this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.

With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.

Research

Anti diarrhea and anti-spasmodic activity
Anti-microbial activity
Hypoglycemic activity

Ayurveda medicines

Important medicines
Maha Manjishtadi Kashayam – used in treatment of skin diseases.
Maha Yogaraja Guggul – used in joint diseases, skin diseases, piles, sprue, diabetes, etc
Darvyadi Kwath –  used in the treatment of heavy menstrual bleeding with pain, leucorrhoea etc.
Khadiradi Vati – used in Ayurveda treatment of bad breath, oral ulcers, diseases of teeth etc.

Daruharidra as dusting powder

Charaka explained Berberis aristata as one among Avachurnana dravya, along with herbs like Kushta, Musta, Vidanga, Sarjarasa, Lodhra etc. The body of the patient is smeared with sesame oil. Then the body is dusted with the above powder mix. Dusting process is called Avachurnana.
It relieves Kitibha –  ringworm, Kandu – pruritis, Pama – keloids, Vicharchika – Eczema. Reference: (Charaka Sutrasthana 5th chapter)

Charaka Chikitsa 7/61
Rasanjana (aqueous extract of Daruharidra) with Gomutra is administered for the treatment of Kushta – skin diseases.

Tree turmeric with Amla  

Daruharidra along with the juice of Amalaki – Phyllanthus emblica mixed with honey is useful in curing Paittika type of Dysuria. – Charaka Chikitsa Sthana 26/53

Darvi Rasakriya

Reference – Charaka Chikitsa Sthana 26
The juice of decoction of Daru- Haridra (Berberis aristata) is boiled in order to make it thick which is called Rasa-Kriya. Use of this with honey cures mouth- diseases, diseases caused by the vitiation of blood and Nadi- Vrana (sinus).

Question: Is Daruharidra (Beriberis aristata/Coscinium fenestratum) and Curcuma aromatica (kasturi pasupu/turmeric) same?I knew Curcuma longa (long,thin rhizomes) and Curcuma amada (short and bigger comparatively). I got confused after having read some of the articles-Daruharidra as Tree turmeric and Curcuma aromatica (kasturi manjal/pasupu) as vana haridra. Transliteration of vana haridra is Tree turmeric approximately I think. Kindly clarify.
If Daruharidra is different from the above three, is Darvi powder or rhizomes available here in Ayurveda shops. Kindly tell me what Daruharidra in Telugu called?
Answer: Daru Haridra is Berberis aristata and it is different from Curcuma aromatica. Curcuma aromatica is nowhere used in place of Daru Haridra. Its Telugu name is – Manupasupu
Curcuma aromatica is – Vana Haridra.

14 thoughts on “Daruharidra – Berberis aristata – Qualities, Benefits, Dose, Ayurvedic Details”

  1. Hi, Coscinium fenestratum is used in the name of Daruharidra in south India. Both Berberis aristata and C. fenestratum have similar medicinal properties.

    Reply
  2. I recently bought Daruhaldi powder online and I’m consuming it as half tea spoon thrice a day before meals.In the 1st week I have seen no improvement in Blood sugar levels.Is Daruhaldi same as berberine(I understand it’s a component of Berberis Aristata that is Daruhaldi) or is it having same effectiveness.
    Please suggest from where only Berberine can be bought in India.

    Reply
  3. Hello doctor . kasturi manjal powder ( wild turmeric) can mix in milk for drinking like turmeric milk. Please clarify Sir. Thank you.

    Reply
  4. Hi Dr.

    How effective Daru Haridra is in stomach pathogen infection ?

    My age is 28 year and I’m having stomach bloating and gas problem due to dysbiosis.

    My gut flora gone out of control, Hence I want to kill all the stomach bad bugs.

    Reply
  5. Sir I would like to buy many herbs in raw form. Also would require in quantity and regularly. We are into ayurveda cosmetics business. Can you help in procurement at reasonable rates and excellent quality?

    Reply

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