Latakasturi – Abelmoschus moschatus Uses, Research

Musk mallow – Abelmoschus moschatus – Muskdana seeds are added to coffee for flavouring. Its leaves are used as vegetable. It cleanses urinary bladder, acts as aphrodisiac and is useful in eye disorders

Botanical name- Hibiscus abelmoschus Linn. (Abelmoschus moschatus Medik)
Family- Malvaceae

Latakasturi

Vernacular names

Names in different languages:
Hindi name-Kasturi bhendi
English name- Musk Mallow, Musk Seeds, Ambrette, Yorka okra, Ornamental okra
Telugu name- Kastur benda, Kasturi Bendavittulu
Tamil name- Vettilaikkasturi
Arabian name – Habbul Mushk
Farsi name – Mushk Dana
Bengali name – Kal Kasturi
Marathi name – Kastur Bhed

Sanskrit Synonyms

Lata Kasturi – Seeds odour resembles musk
Katuka, Katukahvaya

Distribution

Found in southern India

Classical categorization

Kaiyadeva Nighantu – Oshadhi Varga
Bhava Prakasha – Poorva Khanda, Mishra Prakarana, Karpooradi Varga

Major chemical constituents

Seeds contain oil (19.5%) unsaponifiables etc, Trans-2-trans-b- farnesyl acetain, ambrettolide, fornesol etc.
(Reference: Illustrated Dravyaguna VIjnana, Vol. II, by Dr JLN Shastry)
Seed analysis report 11.1% moisture, 31.5% crude fiber; 14.5% lipids, 13.4% starch, 2.3% protein, volatile oil (0.2-0.6% ) and ca/ 5% resin (Srivastava 1995).
Analysis of volatiles report myricetin-3-glucoside and a glycoside of cyanidin in flowers, an aromatic constituent in seeds, beta-sitosteral and its beta-D-glucoside, myricetin and its glucoside in leaves and petals and beta-sitosterol from dry fruit husk (Rastogi and Mehrotra 1991a,b).

Uses

Abelmoschus moschatus Uses:
Basti Vishodhini – Cleanses urinary bladder
Vrushya – aphrodisiac, improves vigour
Chakshushya – improves vision, good for eyes, useful in eye disorders
Chedani – cutting in nature
Shleshmajit – Kaphahara – balances Kapha, useful in productive cough, asthma

Indications

Indicated in –
Trushna – excessive thirst
Vastyama – urinary tract disorders
Asyaroga – oral disorders, bad breath problem
It acts as a cardiac stimulant, used in diarrhoea, premature ejaculation, erectile dysfunction

Ambrette oil is extracted from seed, is used in perfume industry.
The seeds are valued for the volatile oil present in the seed coat.
Roots and leaves are cures for gonorrhoea (Agharkar 1991).

In diet: Leaves are used as vegetable, seeds are added to coffee

Abelmoschus moschatus (ambrette ) seed

Medicinal properties

Medicinal properties of musk mallow:
Rasa (taste) – Tikta – bitter, Madhura – sweet, Katu – Pungent
Guna (qualities) – Laghu – light to digest, Rooksha – dryness, Teekshna – strong, piercing
Vipaka- Katu – Undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion
Veerya – Sheeta – Coolant
Effect on Tridosha – Balances Kapha and Pitta Dosha

Part used, dosage

Part used- seeds
Dosage-
powder 1-3 g

Latakasturi - Hibiscus abemoschus

Ayurvedic medicines

Ayurvedic medicines with Lata Kasturi ingredient:
Shilapravang –
used as aphrodisiac

Research, side effects

Research:
antioxidant, free radical scavenging, antimicrobial and antiproliferative activities

Side effects:
Seek medical advice for usage during pregnancy and lactation.
It can be used in children in small doses.

Interaction with medicines, supplements

Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.

Can this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.

With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.

Sanskrit verse

Abelmoschus moschatus Uses

Musk mallow remedies

Musk Mallow Hibiscus abelmoschus Remedies: Bad Breath, Aphrodisiac – By Dr MS Krishnamurthy
Musk Mallow or Muskdaana is an anti ageing and rejuvenating Ayurvedic herb. It is called Lata Kasturi in Sanskrit.
The plant is named so because if the seeds are macerated on soaking in water or liquids it gets the mild odour similar to the musk (Kasturi).
The plants are found usually in temperate regions. This is located and cultivated abundantly in Bengal, Bihar, Uttar pradesh etc.
Seeds are the main usable parts and rarely the leaves and roots are also used.

The seeds are sweet mixed bitter in taste, cold and light in quality. It is capable of treating the phlegm, thirst, urinary disorders, male sexual debility etc. In fact it is expectorant, mild coolant, anti flatulent, appetizer and pacifier of high Pitta disorders.

The below given points show its importance being simple and effective remedies in the treatment of various ill health conditions-

1. Leaf and root paste for burning sensation in scalp or forehead:
The leaf or root are taken and fine paste is made by pounding with water or aloe vera juice/pulp. This is applied to the forehead or middle of the scalp. This pacifies the burning sensation quite effectively.

2. Fine powder for bad breath and dryness of mouth:
Fine powder of the seeds is retained in the mouth or chewed. for 5 – 10 minutes of time. This relieves bad breath and dryness of the mouth.

3. Seed hot infusion or cold infusion for male debility:
Seeds are soaked in water for 1-2 hours and later added to 4 times hot water. Macerated and filtered. According to the need milk or sugar candy can also be added. This helps to relieve the fatigue and also the male debility.

4. Seed decoction for dry cough, mouth ulcers, dysuria and constipation:
The fresh decoction of the seeds is taken by adding  sugar candy. This effectively pacifies the complaints like dry cough, mouth ulcers, dysuria and constipation.
General method of preparation of decoction (kashaya) – 1 tablespoon of powder is added with 2 cups of water, boiled and reduced to 1 cup, filtered.

In future days this herbal drug may get the importance in food and beverage industry as it can be used safely and directly in the preparation of nutritional health drinks and soft drinks. As this can be used in place of coffee seeds an alternate warm health drink can also be designed. As the world seeks and needs alternate for the drinks like coffee and tea such drugs can be used quite effectively.
Click to consult Dr MS Krishnamurthy MD(Ayu), PhD.

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