Human Being Is A Replica of Universe – Loka Purusha Samya Vada

By Dr. Regina Antony
Ayurveda considers the human body as a reflection of the universe. The human body is a miniature representation of the external world. All functions within the human body is a reflection of activities taking place in the universe. Acharyas of Ayurveda used this similarity between the human body and the universe to explain human anatomy and physiology.
This theory is called Loka Purusha Samya Vada.


Loka = world
Purusha = human being
Samya = similarity
Vada = theory

Acharya Sushruta explains the similarity between the Sun, Moon and Wind in the atmosphere and the human body – Gaining of strength (visarga), decrease of strength (adana) and initiation of actions (vikshepa) in the universe is carried out by moon, sun and the wind respectively. Similarly, in the human body, Kapha, Pitta and Anila (vata) govern all functions.

Acharya Charaka, in Charaka Samhita, Shareera Sthana explains that the human body is a miniature version of the external world. Individual is a miniature representation of the universe. All materials and phenomena of the universe can be correlated to entities and events in the human being.
Read related – Balanced Doshas And Their Contribution To Comprehensive Health

Examples by Charaka

Acharya Charaka enlists factors in the universe, which are parallel to the living body –
(Reference – Charaka Samhita Shareerasthana 5/5)

Entities in the universeRelated entities in the
human body
Prithvi (Earth element)Morphology, shape,
Ap (Water element)Fluids, moisture
Tejas (Fire element)Heat, burning sensation
Vayu (Air element)Liveliness, vital breath
Viyata / Akasha (Ether
Inter-cellular or unoccupied
spaces within the body
Brahma (Creator of the
Antaratma – Soul
Lord prajapatiMind
God Indra  (King of Gods)Ahamkara – individuality
Aditya (Sun God)Lessening of strength gained by water
Rudra (An angry form of God
Soma (God of water)Euphoria
Sarvendriyani (All sense
All sense organs
Sarva indriyartha (objects
of sense organs)
Perception by sense
Tamas (darkness)Lust
Jyothi (light as the divine
principle of life)
Sarga (creation)Conception
Krita yuga (first of the four
ages of the world)
Treta yuga (second world
Dwapara yuga (third of
world age)
Kali yuga (fourth of world
age, the present age)
Yuga anta (end of
the world)

Similar to how the universe originates, grows, sustains, becomes old and gets destroyed, the human body also takes birth, grows, sustains, becomes old and then dies.
Read related – Shareera: Formation Of Human Body, Ayurvedic Concept


Functioning of the universe and the human body are similar. Origin and destruction of universe and the human body also occur in a similar manner.
This similarity provides a guideline for a physician. When there is difficulty in curing a patient, the physician should observe the universe for similar examples and arrive at a solution.

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