By Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ay) & Dr Manasa, B.A.M.S
Gum boil is called Dantapupputa in Ayurveda. It is a disease caused by imbalanced kapha and blood tissue in the gums wherein there is a big swelling in the gums which goes on to get suppurated in due course of time.
Read – Home Remedy For Gum Swelling And Bleeding Gums
Table of Contents
Danta pupputa can be grossly classified under Mukhagata Rogas (diseases of the oral cavity).
Dantapupputa occurs in the gums. Therefore it is included under Dantamula gata rogas (diseases of the gums and alveolar processes). Dantamulagata rogas is the sub-category under Mukhagata Rogas.
Read – Bleeding Gums – Ayurvedic Treatment, Home Remedies
Pathogenesis – Dantapupputa gum disorder is caused when the gums are afflicted by vitiated kapha and blood.
Symptoms of Dantapupputa Gum Disorder
Modern correlation –
This condition can be compared to a condition called ‘Gum Boil’ explained in modern medicine. It is said to be caused by infection of gums and jaw leading to swelling of gums in the region of infection. The swelling may later encroach so as to afflict the entire gums. (read more)
Treatment of Dantapupputa Gum Disorder
Raktamokshana – In the treatment of dantapupputa gum disorder (gum boils), bloodletting is the best treatment. Any one of the below mentioned types of bloodletting are highly recommended in treating gum boils.
Read – Raktamokshana Benefits, Types, Procedure, Indications
Panchalavana Kshara Pratisarana – the alkali prepared from five salts is mixed in honey and applied to the afflicted gums at the site of swelling or to the entire gums.
Bhedana – incision of the swelling along with application of medicinal pastes (pratisarana, as explained above) should be done when the swelling has ripened
Shirovirechana – head purification should be done by administering medicated nasal medication, purgative errhines
Read – Nasya Karma Procedure, Types, Benefits, Contra Indications
Nasya – nasal medication, non-purgative form
Snigdha Bhojana – food having plenty of fat, unctuous foods including ghee and oil
Read – 11 Ayurvedic Eating Tips For Good Health
Treatment line as explained by master Vagbhata
Master Vagbhata advises the below mentioned measures to be done in the treatment of gum boils, in the given order –
Swedana – First the condition should be subjected to heat application through fomentation.
Chedana – After sudation, incision of the swelling is done
Bhedana / Lekhana – Later, the area of swelling should be divided / loosened or alternatively subjected to scraping
Pratisarana – Following the above said measures, the afflicted part of the gums, should be applied with paste / powder of the below mentioned herbs-
“A Gum Boil is a warning sign that something just isn’t right in your mouth. Infection is finding its way out of your system, and you don’t want to leave untreated disease draining from an unknown source” – Dr Greg Grillo DDS
‘Gum Boil’ is an abscess which forms on the gums in the form of a boil. They are swollen bumps formed on the gum.
Read – Ayurvedic Remedies and Treatment for Dental Plaque And Tartar
Causes for Gum Boil
Other causes –
Types of Gum Boil
Depending on the location of the gum boil, it can be considered to be of three main types. They are as mentioned below –
Signs and Symptoms of Gum Boil
Pain – Most of the times the gum boils are associated with pain. Sometimes it may be devoid of pain.
Bump / lump / boil – this is the characteristic sign of gum boil. One can find a bump on the afflicted part of the gum area. It can be readily felt by the tip of the tongue or by palpating it with one’s finger. A painful lump in the gum will often make you look into the mirror to investigate what lies there.
Other symptoms of gum boil include –
Home Remedies for Gum Boil
Salt water gargling – warm water mixed with salt shall be used for gargling the mouth. It reduces pain and swelling, sometimes helps in discharge of pus. If the infection is severe, salt water gargle may help temporarily. That should give you a clue to see the doctor.
Read – How To Do Oil Pulling In Genuine Ayurvedic Way?
Applying clove oil – application of 1-2 drops of clove oil has been traditional treatment for ages in tackling tooth and gum related problems. This too will help in checking the pain. The relief will be almost immediate in mild to moderate cases. As already said, pain and abscess persisting for long duration needs medical attention.
Garlic juice – garlic juice may be used for rinsing the mouth or to hold it as a gargle. It counteracts pain and often acts as antiseptic. It also reduces inflammation of the gums. Everyone may not tolerate the intense pungent taste of garlic, especially those who don’t use garlic or those who have sensitiveness for the same. They may use it in diluted form or try alternatives. Alternatively you may apply garlic juice to the afflicted area.
Read – Garlic Benefits, Research, Usage, Side Effects
Apply peppermint oil – Peppermint oil too works well for your gum boil and tooth pain. Take a drop of peppermint oil on your clean finger tip and rub it gently over the painful boil to obtain relief from pain.
Oil pulling – put 1-2 spoon of coconut / sesame oil in your mouth and move it in your mouth as you do in gargle.
Other remedies –
Time to see the doctor
When things don’t heal or go away, it is not wise to push things by trying different home remedies. Self medication is also not good. The same rule applies for gum boil. If your gum boil is an abscess which isn’t healing or showing signs of regression in spite of using home remedies for few days, it is an alert to see your doctor. You need to do it immediately if the symptoms are worsening, especially in when the lump increases in size, the pain worsens, there is lot of pus discharge and there is fever. Some systemic conditions need to be investigated. Any abscess which is not going away is dangerous. The infection can spread to your teeth and jaw bones or to the other parts of the body through bloodstream and cause systemic complaints. Visiting a dentist is the best choice.
Read – How To Make Your Own Ayurvedic Tooth Powder? 7 Factors To Consider
Prevention of Gum Boil
Treatment of Gum Boil
Course of Antibiotics – If you already have gum boil which is not going away or if it is also an abscess, your doctor will prescribe a course of antibiotics to cure the boil.
Deep cleansing – Unhealthy or improperly maintained gums may cause gum boil. Deep cleansing shall be done or recommended by an expert dentist if the cause of your gum boil is unhealthy gums.
Root canal treatment – Tooth decay may also cause gum boil. Root canal treatment will be recommended by your dentist or endodontist if the cause of your gum boil is your tooth decay.
Replacement / adjustment of dentures – Misfit dentures or old dentures may cause gum boils. If this is a case, the dentist may recommend adjustment or change of dentures.