Teeth Eruption In Babies – Common Problems, Ayurvedic Remedies
By – Dr Renita D’Souza
Kashyapa Samhitha is the ancient treatise which mainly describes child development, maternal and child health, disease and its treatment. This ancient paediatric book considers teeth health as one of the factor that determines the health and life span of a person. Lets explore these factors and know the right timings of teeth eruption, symptoms before its eruption and its treatment. Read – Giving Warmth To Babies With Palm, Cloths – Kashyapa Method
Table of Contents
In modern terms, teeth eruption occurs in 2 forms – primary dentition and secondary dentition. Primary dentition – teeth erupted are called milk teeth. These are first teeth to erupt. These teeth are exfoliated at certain age as the new permanent teeth erupt. Primary dentition completes at around the age of two and half years. Secondary dentition – These are permanent teeth that replace milk teeth. They are comprised of 32 teeth. Read – How To Make Your Own Ayurvedic Tooth Powder? 7 Factors To Consider
According to Master Kashyapa there are total 32 teeth. – 8 teeth are called Sakrjaatha – erupts only once (permanent teeth) – 24 teeth are called dwija – erupts twice (milk teeth)
Samprapti of teeth eruption
Reference – Ashtanga Sangraha Uttara Sthana 2/15
Teeth eruption takes place mainly from two tissues, bone tissue and bone marrow. After few months these teeth fall off as they lack complete strength and later eruption of new teeth occurs. In old age eruption of new teeth will not occur due to inadequacy of bone tissue and bone marrow (majja Dhatu). Read – Majja Pradoshaja Rogas – Diseases Due To Pathological Bone Marrow
Bone tissue and bone marrow undergoes ripening and localizes in gums. Due to this it causes slight swelling in gums, horripilation of the body due to rubbing of upper and lower gums, itching in the gums due to presence of kapha dosha and child bites the nipples of mother. When the child gets devoid of food, aggravated vata gets localised in roots of the teeth, accompanied by kapha it gets localized in bone tissue and bone marrow, move in the whole body along with pitta dosha, imbalances other dhatus (tissues) and mala (waste materials) to cause different secondary diseases. Read – Ayurvedic Remedies and Treatment for Dental Plaque And Tartar
Ideal Teeth features
Reference – Kashyapa Samhitha Sutra Sthana 20/8
Ashtame masi – Teeth erupted in the eighth month
Sarvaguna sampanna – Possess all quality
Purnatha – developed completely
Samatha – evenness
Ghanatha – compactness
Shuklatha – white
Snigdhatha – unctuous
Shlaksnatha – smooth
Nirmalatha – clean
Niramayatha – not afflicted by any disease
Kinchith utharunnatha – slight elevation of upper row
Ideal time for teeth eruption is at eighth month. Teeth erupted during this month possess best qualities. Timings of tooth eruption can vary in male and female child.
Male and felame tooth
Female child tooth eruption
Female child show early and easy tooth eruption. This is because of porous (sushira) and soft (mrudu) teeth in female child.
Tooth eruption in male child
Tooth eruption in male child occurs late and with difficulty when compared to female child because of compactness (ghana) and stable (sthira) teeth in male child.
For how many months it requires for teeth origination, it takes so many days to erupt the teeth. Example, if teeth eruption occurs in 5th month, then it takes 5 days for teeth eruption. Similarly for many months it takes for teeth eruption, it takes so many years for its fall and reappearance. Example, if teeth eruption occurred at 6th month, then it falls and erupts again after 6 years. Read – How To Improve Immune System In Children? An Ayurvedic Method
Eruption in different months
Teeth erupted at 4th month
Durbala – weak
Ashu kshahina – decay early
Amaya bahula – afflicted with many diseases
Teeth erupted in 5th month
Syandana – Teeth will be moving (syandana). Teeth will not be fixed firmly in its socket or due to early decaying, it starts shaking.
Types of dentition Reference – Kashyapa Samhitha Sutra 20/7
Saamudgam – impacted, misaligned, obstructed growth due to which the teeth falls off easily ‘Saamudgam shahi’.
Samvritam –inverted, bent inwards or converged hence considered inauspicious as it does not look goo. The food particles get stuck in between and cleaning is difficult. ‘Samvritamadhanyam malishta’
Vivritam – protruding out with wide gaping. Such teeth easily gets damaged and falls off early. Because of gaps between teeth, the saliva spits out. When the person is sleeping, because of protruded teeth he keeps his mouth open and saliva flows out. This is explained with the term laalopahatha. The concealed teeth get easily discoloured and afflicted with disease due to impacted food particles. ‘Vivritam vitamnithyalaalopahatham sanchanadanthathvath aashudanta vaivarnyakaramasannaabadhamithi’
Heavy treatment is not needed for symptoms originated during tooth eruption.
These symptoms are usually self-limiting. After tooth eruption most of the diseases originated during teeth eruption are subsided by itself without treatment.
If the disease is aggressive and does not get subsided after tooth eruption then treatment with utmost care should be given after analyzing – dosha predominance, type and stage of disease,the age of child, place, time etc
Correcting the diet and maintaining digestive power in normal itself will help subsiding the disease of teeth eruption.
Gums should be massaged either with powder of long pepper or Dhaataki flowers or gooseberry mixed with honey. (A.S.U. 2/22)
During teeth eruption the diet of child should not be given in more quantity but can reduce the normal quantity of diet and the reduced quantity of diet should be replaced with pure water.
Care should be taken so the child does not get constipation. Hence mild water infusions of herbs like raisins should be administered.
Child should be given some hard eatable to chew so it helps the jaws develop completely.
Ghrithapana – Vachaadi or samangaadi ghee is used specially to relieve diseases occurred during teeth eruption. (A.H.U 2/41-42)
Powder of dried meat of laava, tittiri, vallura types of birds improve the appearance of teeth in children. (A.S.U.2/22)
Symptomatic treatment should be given.
1 . A study done based on the process of eruption of primary dentition has concluded that eruption of primary dentition is often accompanied by redness, but not swelling of the gingival tissues. (A).