By Dr Raghuram Y. S. MD (Ay) & Dr Manasa B. A. M. S
Ayurveda has described in detail about signs and symptoms of pregnancy. Ancient Ayurvedic seers have keenly observed changes occurring in pregnancy and have documented them.
Table of Contents
Sadyo Gruheeta Garbha Lakshana:
Immediately after conception some signs and symptoms are seen in pregnant woman. These are called as sadhyo gruhita garbha lakshanas. Read – Conception And Formation Of Fetus As Per Ayurveda
Sadhyo = immediately Gruhita = conceived (in this context) Garbha = fetus Lakshana = signs and symptoms
These signs and symptoms indicate that conception has taken place, just now.
Charaka’s view (Cha. shaa. 2/23)
Sushruta’s view (Su. shaa. 3/13)
Vagbhata’s view (As. Sam. Shaa. 2/8)
Vagbhata 2 (A. Hru. Shaa. 1/37, 38)
Vyakta Garbha Lakshana Vyakta = manifested
When embryo gets implanted in uterus and gets manifested certain signs and symptoms of pregnancy are manifested. These are called vyakta garbha lakshanas. They are also called gruhita garbha lakshanas and garbhini linga. Read – Morning Sickness: Ayurvedic Treatment, Home Remedies
Below mentioned are signs and symptoms of pregnancy wherein body parts of embryo have been conspicuous. These according to Ayurveda are signs of late pregnancy which are manifested after 3 months of pregnancy.
Charaka has said that description of signs and symptoms of pregnancy for recognition, identification and management of ‘Douhruda stage’. Douhruda means ‘woman having two hearts’ i. e. one heart of her own and other heart of embryo developing in her, which means pregnant.
Chakrapani, commentator of Charaka opines that this stage starts from 3rd month.
Dalhana, commentator of Sushruta tells that term ‘garbhini linga’ written by Sushruta reflects ‘uttarakalina gruhita garbha lakshana’ i. e. signs and symptoms of late pregnancy, i. e. signs and symptoms of pregnancy which are seen after ‘signs of immediate conception’ i. e. ‘sadhyo gruhita garbha lakshanas’.
Thus, according to Dalhana –
Vagbhata has clearly mentioned these symptoms as ‘Vyakta Garbha Lakshanas’ i. e. signs and symptoms of clearly manifested fetus. Indu, commentator of Ashtanga Sangraha says that ‘Vyakta Garbha lingas mean signs and symptoms of a pregnant woman who possesses embryo of conspicuous but under-developed body parts’. Read – Essential Elements For Conception – Garbha Sambhava Samagri
Thus, Vyakta Garbha Lakshanas according to different authors sums up to following meanings –
Charaka’s opinion (Cha. sha. 4/16)
Sushruta’s opinion (Su. Sha. 3/14-15)
Vagbhata’s opinion (A. Sam. Sha. 2/9, 11, 51)
Vagbhata’s opinion (A. Hr. Shaa. 1/50-52)
Garbhini = pregnant woman Masanumasika = every month
As fetus grows in womb different signs and symptoms are seen and documented in every month of pregnancy. These are called masanumasika lakshanas.
Signs and symptoms in 4th month of pregnancy
Gurugatratvam – Guru gatratvam means heaviness of body. In fourth month of pregnancy fetus gets stabilized. Due to this, weight of fetus increases comparably. As a result, pregnant woman feels more heaviness in body.
Signs and symptoms in 5th month of pregnancy
Karshya – Karshya means emaciation. In fifth month of pregnancy, muscles and blood of fetus gets nourished and enriched.
Chakrapani, commentator of Charaka Samhita, gives a clarification for emaciation in pregnant woman in 5th month of pregnancy. He says, since this nutrition reaches to fetus from mother, i. e. from mother’s rasa dhatu or nutrition, there will be insufficient rasa to nourish tissues of mother (pregnant woman). Since tissues are not properly nourished and enriched as a result of diversion of maximum part of nutrition towards fetus, pregnant woman loses little weight and gets emaciated.
In actual terms, if diet and health of pregnant woman is normal, she gains considerable weight from 4th to 7th month. Hence there will be no emaciation.
Signs and symptoms in 6th month of pregnancy
Bala-varna hani, shramadhikya – Bala varna hani means loss of strength and complexion. Shramadhikya means more tiredness. In 6th month of pregnancy, pregnant woman suffers from loss of strength and complexion. She feels more tired. This is because during 6th month there is enhancement of strength and complexion in fetus, which is derived in excess from mother’s nutrition. Thus there is a compensatory loss of strength and complexion in mother.
Face-mask or deposition of pigments in other parts of body might have been referred as loss of complexion. Read – Varnya Gana: Complexion Enhancing Herbs: Review, Uses, Formulations
Signs and symptoms in 7th month of pregnancy
Sarva aakaraih klantatama – Sarva aakaraih klantatama means excessive exhaustion by all means. In 7th month of pregnancy, pregnant woman feels excessively exhausted. She also has relatively more loss of flesh and blood during this month. This happens since fetus attains over all maturity in this month. Excessive exhaustion of pregnant woman is due to her contribution to overall maturity of fetus in terms of losing her flesh and blood.
When the abdomen of pregnant woman is elevated on both sides and depressed in centre just like a trough i. e. droni bhutam udaram, will deliver twins. (Su. Sha. 3/34 & A. Hr. Shaa. 1/72)
Dauhruda means two hearts. Pregnant woman in 3rd and 4th (according to some other authors) months of pregnancy is called dauhridini i. e. ‘ one with two hearts’ because she will have a heart of hers and other heart of fetus.
Fetal heart is connected to maternal heart through rasavahi srotas. Child communicates its desire through these channels. Pregnant woman expresses certain desires during this period which are actually desires of fetus. These desires of fetus expressed through expectant mother are called dauhruda. Read – Pregnancy Cravings – Reasons, Ayurvedic Explanation
All ancient authors opine that desires of pregnant woman i. e. dauhruda should not be suppressed in fact they should be fulfilled. If desires are not fulfilled vata gets aggravated reaches fetus and destroys fetus or cause several complications. child may be born with many mind and body anomalies. If desires of dauhrudini are satisfied and granted child born will be intelligent healthy and virtuous.