By Dr M S Krishnamurthy MD(Ayu) PhD.
Madanaphala is a well known Ayurvedic herb, used for Vamana Panchakarma therapy. Here, vomiting is induced to expel out toxins of aggravated Kapha Dosha. It is known as emetic nut in English due to its action. Its botanical name is Randia dumetorum Lam. and it belongs to Rubiaceae family.
Even though the fruits are specifically used for treatment, its flowers, leaves and roots are also used for various medicinal purposes.
It is found abundantly in foot hills of Himalaya. Also it is available in Sikkim, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Jammu etc.
The fruits are rich in saponin content. Valerenic acid is the another dominant principle of this drug. Some other significant chemical constituents are citric acid , tartaric acids, randianin – sandianin, Randia acid, Arachidic, Lignoceric, Linoleic, Oleic, Palmitic and Stearic acids etc.
The herb is hot in potency and it undergoes Pungent kind of bio transformation (vipaka).
The herb is appreciated as kaphavata shamaka and Pittanissaraka (cholagogue).
Read related: Madanaphala – Randia dumetorum – Benefits, Qualities, Side Effects
Madanaphala choorna, Madanaphaladi taila, Madanaphaladi lepa, Pindeetaka yoga, Arimedadi taila, Ashwagandhadi taila, Phalavarti etc are its formulations.
Scientists have evaluated its anti inflammatory, anti histamine activity, broncho dilating properties, anti bacterial action, immuno-modulatory activity etc .
Some of the simple remedies and their health benefits are explained here below-
To induce vomiting
1. Hot infusion of Madanaphala seeds for inducing vomiting:
In 200 ml of hot water 12 gram of Madanaphala seed powder is added and kept for 5-8 minutes. This is given to drink as such by the traditional people. If the vomiting is not induced properly, slight mustard powder or rock salt are also added. By this vomiting takes place and the person will free from bulkiness, distension of abdomen, headache, nausea, lethargy etc.
2. Madanaphal root paste application in eczema:
Fresh root of Madanaphala is taken and rubbed well in a stone by adding lemon juice .This is applied over the lesions of eczema and other skin diseases. In cases of Herpes also this is applied by the traditional and folk healers.
3. Flower paste with mustard seed for headache:
In case of chronic headache this formulation is very effective; especially in vascular headaches. A fist full of flowers of emetic nut is collected and rubbed well with mustard seeds. This is applied over the forehead during the sufferings of headache.
4. In abdominal colic pain of children:
Mature fruit of emetic nut is taken and rubbed well with warm water and salt in a mortar. This fine paste is applied around the naval portion in cases of abdominal colic of the children. This is effective in abdominal pain and dysuria.
5. Leaf decoction for washing the wounds and ulcers:
In folklore practices the leaf decoction is used to wash the chronic wounds and ulcers.
General method of decoction preparation is –
1 tablespoon (10 grams) of coarse powder of the herb is added with 2 cups of water. Boiled in open air till the total content is reduced to 1 cup. This is filtered and used.
Classical literature are developed or enriched by the folklore practices and traditional knowledge only. Till today several traditional practices are still waiting for codification in classical literature. Such a time to time codification and inclusion in classical literature will enrich the herbal knowledge or otherwise it is captured by the multi -national companies and true nature and credit of the drug is taken by the other authorities.
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